Bokiraiya Okky Latuamury(1*)

(1) Departemen Kehutanan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Pattimura Ambon- Maluku
(*) Corresponding Author


The hydrograph recession curve expresses the theoretical relationship between the aquifer structure and the flow of groundwater flowing into the river basin channel. These theoretical relationships are often empirically depicted using the base flow recession curve. The hydrograph recession curve is commonly used to estimate the recessionary parameters, aquifer properties and to evaluate alternative hydrological hypotheses. The river basin hydrograph recession curve records the behavior of the relationship between the aquifer structure and its association with groundwater outflow to the river channel. This research was conducted with the aim: to analyze the characteristics of the baseflow recession based on the parameters and coefficients of the recession, and the shape of the individual recession curve and the master recession curve.

The characteristics of the baseflow recession to research sub-watershed have the recession curves tend to sloped, describing the water storage well enough. The parameter Q0 (recession early), α and the recession constant Krb ranging from 0,80 – 0,90 for the individual and master recession curve in all three research sub-watershed. This calculation result indicates that the recession characteristics in three research sub-watershed have the condition of water storage is excellent, because they are supported by the aquifer characteristics dominated by the geological structures are more permeable (porous).


Keywords: the parameters of recession, the individual's recession curve shape, the master recession curve, baseflow recession characteristic

Full Text:



Biswal, B., Kumar, D. N., 2013. A general geomorphological recession flow model for river basins. Water Resource Research. 49 (8), 4900–4906.

Biswal, B., Kumar, D.N., 2014. Study of dynamic behavior of recession curves. Hydrology Process. 28 (3), 784–792.

Biswal, B., Marani, M., 2010. Geomorphological origin of recession curves. Georaphy physics Research Lett. 37 (24), L24403.

Boussinesq, J., 1877. Essai sur la theorie des eaux courantes: du mouvemont non permanent des eaux souterraines. Academic Scientic Institute France. 23, 252–260.

Brutsaert, W., 2008. Long-term groundwater storage trends estimated from streamflow records: climatic perspective. Water Resource Research. 44 (2), W02409.

Carrillo, G., Troch, P.A., Sivapalan, M., Wagener, T., Harman, C., Sawicz, K., 2011. Catchment classification: hydrological analysis of catchment behavior through process-based modeling along with climate gradient. Hydrology Earth System Scientific Discussion 8 (3).

Dupuit, J., 1863. Estudes thèoriques et pratiques sur le mouvement des eaux dans les

Gregor, M. and Malík, P., 2012. Construction of master recession curve using genetic algorithms. Journal of Hydrology Hydromech., 60(1), 3-15. Doi: 10.2478/v10098-012-0001-8

Gregor,S. and Malik, 2012. HydrOffice user manual version 2012.

Maillet, E., 1905. Essai d'hydraulique souterraine et fluviale. Libraire Sci., A. Herman, Paris. (Cited by Hall (1968)

Shaw, S.B., McHardy, T.M., Riha, S.J., 2013. Evaluating the influence of watershed moisture storage on variations in base flow recession rates during prolonged rain-free periods in medium-sized catchments in New York and Illinois, USA.Water Resource Research. 49 (9), 6022–6028.

Smakhtin, VU., 2001. Low flow hydrology: a review. Journal of Hydrology; 240:147–86, doi: 10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00340-1.

Staudinger, M., Stahl, K., Seibert, J., Clark, M.P., Tallaksen, L.M., 2011. Comparison of hydrological model structures based on the recession and low flow simulations. Hydrology Earth System Science Discuss. 8 (4).

Stoelzle, M., Stahl, K., Weiler, M., 2012. Are streamflow recession characteristics really characteristic? Hydrology Earth System Science.

Szilagyi, J., Gribovszki Z., Kalicz P., 2007. Estimation of catchment-scale evapotranspiration from base flow recession data: numerical model and practical application results. Journal of Hydrology, 336:206–17, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.01.004

Tallaksen LM., 1995. A review of base flow recession analysis. Journal of hydrology,165:349–70, doi:10.1016/0022-1694(94)02540-R


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1626 | views : 1043


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Bokiraiya Okky Latuamury

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Teknosains     Submit an Article        Tracking Your Submission

Editorial Policies       Publishing System       Copyright Notice       Site Map       Journal History      Visitor Statistics     Abstracting & Indexing