DARI MONOPOLI HINGGA PELABUHAN BEBAS: AKTIVITAS PERDAGANGAN DI KARESIDENAN TERNATE 1854-1930

https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.50351

Rustam Hasim(1*)

(1) Program Studi Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan, Universitas Khairun Ternate.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper discusses trading practices conducted in the Ternate Residency after the Dutch turned the port in the residence as a free port in 1854. In line with this policy, several major export and import materials supported the growth of the port meanwhile clove commodities did not become superior goods due to Hongotochten and extirpate policies in the VOC period. This fact shows that the policy of turning into the free port in 1854 was not only apart of the intention to control the economic resources within Ternate Area, but also to create Ternate as a colonial area under the Dutch’s control. This, in fact, opened a new chapter for trading activities in the region. The purpose of this policy is to attract and concentrate the commercial activities of the indigenous population to the free port under the supervision of the Dutch colonial for they hoped to prevent an indigenous merchant from establishing trade relations with other European nations. This study found that in 1854 the Dutch government made Ternate a free port is the implementation of a free port as the first step to protect economic interests, besides it is intended to place the Dutch in maintaining trade control in the territory of the colony.

 

   

Keywords


Trade chains, export-import commodity, Free port policy, and Ternate Island

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdulrahman, Jusuf et al., Temate Bandar Jalur Sutra, Jakarta:LlTS, 2001 .

Amal, Adnan. Maluku UtaraPerjalanan Sejarah 1250- 1800 Jilid 1, (Universitas Khairun Ternate, 2003)

Andaya, Leonard Y. The Wold of Maluku Eastem lndonesia in the Early Moden Period, Honolulu: University of Hawai Press, 1993.

Beretta, A.M. Halmahera and Morotai, Batavia: Javasche Boekhandel, 1917.

Burger, D.H. Sedjarah Ekonomis-Sosiologia lndonesia, jilid 1 terdjemahan Prayudi Atmosudirdio, Jakarta: Pradnjaparamita, 1987.

Befshaw, Cyril S. Tukar Menukar Tradisional dan Pasar Modern, terjemahkan Soebyanto, Jakarta; Gramedia, 1 981.

Clercq, F.S.A. Bijdngen tot de Kennmis der Residentie Temate. Leiden: Brill. 1820

Crab, De Moluksche Eiland, Rerse van Z.E. den Gouvemeurt Genenal Ch.f. Fahud Door den Molukschen Arcipel. Batavia: Lange, 1862.

Grap, P van der. " Geschiedenis van Ternate, in Teranataansche en Maleische Tekst, Beschreven Dor den Ternatean Naidah, Met Vertaling en Aante keningen Door P. A. van der Cerap ". dalam BKl, jilid 26. No 2.1978.

Dick, H.W. lndustri Pelayaran lndonesia: Kompetisi dan regulasi. Terjemahan oleh Burhanuddin Abdullah & Maman Hendarman, Jakarta: LP3ES,1987.

Dick, Howard W. "Prahu Shipping in Eastern Indonesia. Part I." Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies 11, no. 2 (1975).

E.K. M. Masinambaw "Halmahera dan Raja Ampat Konsep dan Strategi Penelitian, Jakarta: LEKNAS-LIPI, 1980.

Fraassen, F van. “Ternate de Molukken en de Indonesische Archipel. Van soa organisatie en Viedeling: Een Studie van Traditionele Samenleeving en Cuoltuur in lndonesie”. Disertasi Leiden. 1987

Hanna Willard A. Kepulauan Banda Kolonialisme dan Akibatnya di Kepulauan Pala, Jakarta: Gramedia, 1 983.

Hasmawati dan Rustam Hasyim, Kedudukan Elite Kesultanan Ternate Dalam Masyarakat Ternate”. Dalam Jurnal Ilmu Budaya Unhas, Vol. 5. No. Juli, 2017.

Hasim, Rustam. Dari Cengkeh Ke Kerang Mutiara: Perdagangan Di Karesidenan Ternate, 1854-1930, Ternate: Lepkhair, 2013.

____________, “Dari Mitos Tujuh Putri Hingga Legitimasi Agama: Sumber Kekuasaan Sultan Ternate”, Dalam Jurnal Sasdaya, Gadjah Mada Jurnal of Humanities, Vol.1. No. 2017.

Hoevell, W.R. van. Sejarah Kepulauan Maluku: Kisah Kedatangan Orang Eropa Hingga Monopoli Perdagangan Rempah. (Yogyakarta: Ombak, 2014).

Kotoppo, L. Nuku Perjuangan Kemerdekaan di Maluku Utara, Jakartra: Sinar Harapan, 1984.

Koentjaraningrat, Masyarakat dan Kopra Rakyat di Pantai Utara Irian Barat, Jakarta, Bhatara, 1989.

Kontowijoyo, Pengantar llmu Sejarah, Yogyakarta: Yayasan Benteng Wijaya, 2001.

Lapian, A.B. dalam pengantar Memoie van Overgaua J.H. Tobias (1857)-Memorie van Overgave C. Bosscher Residen Temate (1859), (Jakarta: ANRI, 1980).

Leirissa, R.Z. et. al., Temate Sebagai Bandar Jalur Sutra, Jakarta: Proyek Inventarisasi dan Dokumentasi Sejarah Nasional Diroktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Nasional, Depdikbud, Rl, 1999.

_____________, Halmahera Timur dan Raja Jailolo Pergolakan Sekitar Laut Seram Awal Abad 19, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1996.

_______________, Maluku Tengah di Masa Lampau Gambaran Sekilas Lewat Arsip Abad Sembilan Belas, (Jakarta: ANRI, 1982)

Lindblad, Thomas “Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Luar Jawa, 1910-1940” dalam J. Thomas Lindblad, et. al., (ed.), Sejarah Ekonomi Modern Indonesia, (Jakarta: LP3ES, 1998).

_______, et.al., (Ed.), Fondasi Historis Ekonomi lndonesia, Yogyakarta: Pusat Studi Sosial Asia Tenggara UGM, 2002.

Parimartha, I Gde Perdagangan dan Politik di Nusa Tenggara 18161915, Jakarta: Penebit Djambatan .2002.

Poelinggomang, Edward L. “Proteksi dan Perdagangan Bebas: Kajian Tentang Perdagangan Makassar Pada Abad ke-19”, Amsterdam: Academisch Proefschrieft de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam, 1991.

Rabani, La Ode. "Commercial activities and development of the towns in the west side of Banda Sea Indonesia, early twentieth century." Urban Studies: Border and Mobility, 2019.

Reid, Anthony. Dari Ekspansi hingga Krisis: Jaringan Perdagangan Global Asia Tengara 1450-1680. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia, 1999.

Sulistiyono, Singgih T. “The Java Sea Network: Patterns in The Development of Interregional Shipping and Trade in the Process of National Economic Integration in Indonesia, 1870s-1970s”, Disertasi di Universitas Leiden, 2003

Suryo, DJoko et. al., Agama dan Perubahan Sosial Studi Tentang Hubungan Antar lslam, Masyarakat dan Struktur Sosial Politik, Yogyakarta UGM LKPSM, 2OO1.

Kolonial Verslag 1855-1930



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.50351

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 421 | views : 452

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 SASDAYA: Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN Number 2549-3884 (online) and 2548-3218 (print)


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

hit
counter View My Stats