ANALISIS KONTRASTIF NOMINALISASI DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS, BAHASA INDONESIA, DAN BAHASA JAWA

https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.50343

Ikmi Nur Oktavianti(1*), Noor Chaerani(2), Icuk Prayogi(3)

(1) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
(2) Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
(3) Universitas PGRI Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Along with verbs, nouns are very crucial—among other lexical and functional categories—in arranging linguistic constructions. Thus, there are many ways to change words from other word classes into nouns or known as nominalization. This paper aims at describing the similarities and differences of nominalization in English, Indonesian, and Javanese. By contrasting three different languages, this study can give another insight on nominalization, especially for language teachers and students of language. This study employed a qualitative method in accordance with the type of data collected (i.e. clauses containing nominalized units). The data were collected using metode simak for English language data and researchers’ intuition as the native speakers of Indonesian and Javanese. English language data were collected from English grammar books. The approach used is contrastive analysis to compare three languages under study. The method of analysis is metode padan translational and metode agih. The results of the analysis show that generally, these three languages use affixation, particles, and conversion as the nominalizers. English, however, differs from Indonesian and Javanese since it doesn’t have reduplication as nominalizer and the use of particle is limited to the initial position. Unlike English, Indonesian and Javanese tend to be alike and it is plausible since both are from the same language family. In the comparison, it is figured out that there are three main similarities and six differences of the realizations of nominalization in English, Indonesian, and Javanese. The results are plausible due to the unrelatedness of English with Indonesian and Javanese.  


Keywords


nominalization, derivation, affixation, English-Indonesia-Javanese language

Full Text:

PDF


References

Alwi, Hasan, Anton Moeliono, Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, dan Hans Lapoliwa. 2006. Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Arka, I Wayan. 2011. “On Modality and Finiteness in Indonesian: The Complexities of =nya Nominalisation”. Dalam: Proceedings of the International Workshop on TAM and Evidentiality in Indonesian Languages.

Baker, Mark C. 2004. Lexical Categories: Verbs, Nouns, and Adjcetive. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chafe, Wallace L. 1970. Meaning and the Structure of Language. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Comrie, Bernard, dan Sandra Thompson. Lexical Nominalization. Dalam: Timothy Shopen. 2007. Language Typology and Syntactic Description. Volume III: Gramamtical Categories and the Lexicon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, David. 2008. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dardjowidjojo, Soenjono. 1983. Beberapa Aspek Linguistik Indonesia. Jakarta: Djambatan-ILDEP.

Fisiak, Jacek. 1981. Contrastive Linguistics and the Language Teacher. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Foley, William. 1976. Comparative Syntax in Austronesian. Disertasi. University of California, Berkeley.

Ha Yap, Foong, Karen Grunow-Hårsta, Janick Wrona. 2011. Nominalization in Asian Languages: Diachronic and Typological Perspectives. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.

Gerner, Mathias. 2012. “The Typology of Nominalization”. Dalam: Language and Linguistics, Vol. 13(4): 803—844.

Grange, Philippe. 2008. “Verb Nominalization and thematization with the suffix – nya in Indonesian”. Dalam: ISMIL 12. Leiden.

Grange, Philippe. 2015. “The Indonesian verbal suffix –nya; Nominalization or subordination?” dalam: Wacana, Vol. 16(1).

Hou, Yu. 2013. “A Corpus-Based Study of Nominalization as a Feature of Translator’s Style (Based on the English Version of Hong Lou Meng)” Dalam: Meta, Vol. 58(3): 556—573.

Iwasaki, Eiichi. 2011. Comparative Correlative Constructions Revisited. The Economic Journal of Takasaki City University of Economics, 54(12): 39—55.

Kolln, Martha dan Robert Funk. 2011. Understanding English Grammar (Ninth Edition). Boston: Pearson.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1987. “Beberapa Prinsip Perpaduan Leksem dalam Bahasa Indonesia.” Disertasi pada Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. 1996. Pembentukan Kata dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Oktavianti, Ikmi Nur. 2012. Kuasi-Kopula dalam Bahasa Inggris. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Oktavianti, Ikmi Nur, Noor Chaerani. 2017. Nominalisasi dalam Bahasa Inggris dan Bahasa Indonesia: Tinjauan Morfologi dan Sintaksis. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Linguistik UGM

Payne, Thomas E. 2011. Understanding English Grammar: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge Univesity Press.

Plag, Ingo. 2002. Word-Formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prayogi, Icuk. 2012. Klitik dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Tesis. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Masa.

Purwo, Bambang Kaswanti. 1984. Deiksis dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Rathert, Monika dan Artemis Alexiadou. 2010. The Semantics of Nominalizations across Languages and Frameworks. Berlin: De Gruytor Mouton.

Schachter, Paul, Timothy Shopen. Parts-of-speech systems. Dalam: Timothy Shopen. 2007. Language Typology and Syntactic Description Volume I: Clause Structure. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Setyawati, Nanik. 1998. “Nominalisasi Pengisi Predikat dalam Bahasa Jawa”. Yogyakarta: Tesis UGM.

Silverman, David. 2014. Interpreting Qualitative Data. London: SAGE.

Sudaryanto. 1992. Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Jawa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Sudaryanto. 1994. Predikat Objek dalam Bahasa Indonesia: Keselarasan Pola Urutan. Jakarta: Penerbit Djambatan.

Taher, Inam Ismail. 2015. “The Problematic Forms of Nominalization in English: Gerund, Verbal Noun, and Deverbal Noun” Dalam: English Linguistics Research, Vol. 4(1).

Vinh To, Thao Le, Quynh Le. 2013. A Comparative Study of Nominalisation in IELTS Writing Test Paper. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research, 1(4): 15—21.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.50343

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 309 | views : 295

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 SASDAYA: Gadjah Mada Journal of Humanities

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN Number 2549-3884 (online) and 2548-3218 (print)


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

hit
counter View My Stats