LANGUAGE KINSHIP BETWEEN KOMERING VARIATION AND LAMPUNG MENGGALA

https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.43883

A.M. Sudirman(1*)

(1) FKIP-Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro, Lampung, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Artikel ini mengkaji kekerabatan Isolek Komering dan Lampung Menggala kedua isolek tersebut, secara kualitatif ditandai perbedaan dalam persamaan atau persamaan dalam perbedaan tuturan 'mutually intelligble' antarpenutur bahasa yang diperlihatkan oleh evidensi unsur bunyi [u]~[eu] pada ultima terbuka leksikon, pada kata [batu]~[batteu]; evidensi unsur bunyi [nt]~[tt] (homorgan~geminasi) pada posisi antar-vokal pada leksikon [bintaŋ]~[bittaŋ]; evidensi unsur pinjaman pada kata bermakna 'baru', 'pasir' menjadi inovasi [baReu] dan [pasiR]; dan secara diakronis telah terjadi inovasi [ampay]*~[ompay]'baru' dan [həni]*~[honi] 'pasir'. Sedangkan secara kuantitatif hasil kajian komparatif 200 kosa-kata Swadesh status isolek Komering dan bahasa Lampung merupakan bahasa kekerabatan 'language of family', kriteria Dialektometri, evidensi di atas merupakan perbedaan dialek dalam kelompok bahasa Lampung, karena hasil persentasi Isolek Komering-Menggala 82,16%, disokong oleh Crowley, bahwa hubungan tersebut, termasuk hubungan antar-dialek dalam satu bahasa

Keywords


Bahasa; komparatif; instrumen; kriteria; dan isolek Komering

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/sasdayajournal.43883

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