Impact of Corona Virus Disease-19 Pandemic on Co-Assistant Mental Health

https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.76286

Mayang Sari Ayu(1*), Mayasari Ramadhani(2)

(1) Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine; Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara; Indonesia
(2) Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine; Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Sumatera Utara; Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has an impact on the physical and mental health of individuals and all of society. During the COVID pandemic, all social and physical activities of each individual are limited. Physical-social distancing or physical restrictions have an impact on mental health and psychological problems. This anxiety is also experienced by medical students as Co-Assistants (young doctors) during their education in hospitals. Objectives: This study aimed to discuss matters related to the impact of the COVID-19 on medical students’ mental health during the pandemic. Method: This cross-sectional study used the Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20. Mental health problems of college students during the pandemic were assessed and analyzed for their level of anxiety. This study involved 69 medical students as Co-Assistants (young doctors) in the professional study program using purposive sampling technique. Results: The results of the study found that among Co-Assistants who underwent clinical clerkship during the COVID-19 pandemic as much as 44.9% experienced mental health disorders. We also found that the female Co-Assistants were twice as likely to experience mental health problems as male Co-Assistants. The most common type of mental health problem was experiencing symptoms of depression. Conclusion: During the two years of the pandemic, while living the ‘new normal’, Co-Assistants felt the fear of being infected with the lack of personal protective equipment, economic problems for their parents, and facing the challenges of distance education. In comparing the mental health problems of the Co-Assistants, the most common during the COVID-19 pandemic were the symptoms of depression.


Keywords


Corona-Virus Disease-19, Mental Health, Co-Assistant

Full Text:

PDF


References

  1. Yuliana Y. Corona virus diseases (COVID-19): A literature review. Wellness and Healthy Magazine. 2020 Mar 6;2(1):187-92.
  2. Velavan TP, Meyer CG. The COVID‐19 epidemic. Tropical Medicine & International health. 2020 Mar;25(3):278.
  3. World Health Organization. Clinical Management of COVID 19 Interim Guidance 27 May 2020. Geneva: WHO; 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/clinical-management-of-covid-19
  4. World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) dashboard. Geneva: WHO. 2020. Available from: https://covid19.who.int.
  5. Purnama A, Susaldi S, Mukhlida HZ, Maulida HH, Purwati NH. Mental health in health students during Coronavirus Disease-19: Systematic review. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2021 Jul 30;9(F):205-10.
  6. Ariadi P. Mental health in islamic perspective. Syifa'MEDIKA: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan. 2019 Feb 7;3(2):118-27.
  7. Savitsky B, Findling Y, Ereli A, Hendel T. Anxiety and coping strategies among nursing students during the covid-19 pandemic. Nurse Education in Practice. 2020 Jul 1;46:102809.
  8. Vibriyanti D. Community mental health: Managing anxiety amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia. 2020 Jul 28:69-74.
  9. Sastroasmoro S. Fundamentals of clinical research methodology. Jakarta: Sagung Seto. 2014.
  10. World Health Organization. A User’s Guide to the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ). Geneva: Division of Mental Health, WHO. 1994.
  11. Sari AN, Oktarlina RZ, Septa T. Mental health problems in medical students. Jurnal Medula. 2017 Nov 1;7(4):82-7.
  12. Alam MA, Uddin AI, Uddin MA, Begum S, Nahar H, Raihan T, et al. Mental health of students amidst the COVID-19 pandemic: An empirical study. Heliyon. 2022 Mar 1;8(3):e09111.
  13. Bachilo EV, Barylnik JB, Shuldyakov AA, Efremov AA, Novikov DE. Mental health of medical workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Russia: Results of a cross-sectional study. MedRxiv. 2020 Jan 1.
  14. Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia. Guidelines for mental health and psychosocial support during the COVID-19 pandemic. Jakarta: Directorate General of Disease Prevention and Control, Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia. 2020.
  15. Adjepong M, Amoah-Agyei F, Du C, Wang W, Fenton JI, Tucker RM. Limited negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health measures of Ghanaian University students. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports. 2022 Jan 1;7:100306.
  16. Saputra FA, Ranimpi YY, Pilakoannu RT. Mental health and coping strategies in Kudangan, Delang District, Lamandau District, Central Kalimantan: A sociodemograph study. Humanitas (Jurnal Psikologi). 2018 Sep 25;2(1):63-74.
  17. Widyaningsih BN, Marchira CR, Claramita M. Comparison of family function and mental emotional health of adolescents in a state junior high school, modern and traditional boarding schools. Review of Primary Care Practice and Education (Kajian Praktik dan Pendidikan Layanan Primer). 2022;5(1):25-32.
  18. Spoorthy MS, Pratapa SK, Mahant S. Mental health problems faced by healthcare workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic: A review. Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 2020 Jun 1;51:102119.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.76286

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 312 | views : 212

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Mayang Sari Ayu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


View My Stats