Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Malaria Community Worker towards Prevention and Control of Malaria in Kokap, Kulon Progo: A Pilot Study

https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.59710

Noor Afif Mahmudah(1*), Intan Esaputri(2), Halwan Fuad Bayuangga(3), Nova Yuli Prasetyo Budi(4), Alif Kurniawan(5), Ditha Marissya Daud(6), Jonathan Hasian Haposan(7)

(1) Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(5) Faculty of Veterinary, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(6) Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(7) Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Malaria Community Worker (CMW) has a crucial role in malaria prevention and control in the community. However, a number of studies showed that there is a lack of competence from MCW in carrying out its duties. Knowledge, attitudes and practice (KAP) can represent the behavior about health services. Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practice of the Malaria Community Worker towards prevention and control of malaria in Kokap, Kulon Progo. Methods: KAP survey with cross-sectional design was conducted in this study. CMW from Puskesmas Kokap I (n = 8) was asked to fill out a KAP questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and inferential tests were used to analyze the data. Data were analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics Version 25. Results: The study found that 100% of respondents (n = 8) obtained high knowledge scores with the highest aspect on understanding about malaria and the lowest on diagnosis. The attitude score showed a moderate attitude for 100% of respondents (n = 8) with the highest aspect was fogging for malaria prevention and the lowest was the attitude that malaria is a serious disease. Meanwhile, the score of practice described good practice in 100% of respondents (n = 8) with the lowest part was compiling daily/weekly reports to the malaria program coordinator of Primary Health Care. From the observations, there was no significant correlation (p> 0.05) between demographic characteristics and between knowledge, attitudes and practice. Conclusion: The CMWs had a high knowledge score, moderate attitude, and good practice towards malaria prevention and control. Further studies with a larger sample are recommended for future study. CMW training is also recommended to improve the KAP of CMW.


Keywords


Malaria; Community Health Cadre; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.59710

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