Impact of Brief Interactive Psycho-Education Intervention on Caregiver toward Family Care Burden for Schizophrenic Patients at Puskesmas Kasihan II, Bantul

https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.33887

Triatmi Dyah Wahyuning(1*), Adi Heru Sutomo(2), Carla R. Marchira(3)

(1) Puskesmas Kasihan I, Bantul, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Schizophrenia is a chronic severe mental disorder which causes a substantial burden of care for family caregivers.

Objective: This study aimed to identify the effect of a brief interactive psycho-education intervention on caregivers towards family care burden for schizophrenic patients.

Method: This study was a quasi-experimental design with one control group. Data were obtained from a random sample of patients who came to Puskesmas Kasihan II (Community and Primary Health Care Center). The participants in this research were 68 caregivers, who were divided into treatment and control groups. Both groups were administered a pre and post-test with the Burden Assessment Schedule questionnaire early in the first week and in the end or fourth week. The treatment group received a brief interactive psycho-education of schizophrenic patient care over one week for 4 sessions, while the control group received the prescribed essential medicines as usual.

Results: This study showed that the average scores of the pre-test for the two groups were not significantly different (p value 0.77), while the averages of the post-tests were significantly different (p value 0.001).

Conclusion: It was concluded that a brief interactive psycho-education for caregivers of schizophrenic patients was effective to decrease family care burden.


Keywords


psycho-education; caregiver; family burden; schizophrenia; intervention

Full Text:

PDF


References

Amir N. Psychiatric teaching books. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia. 2013.

Agency for Health Research and Development Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. 1st ed. Jakarta: Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia. 2013.

Marchira CR, Puspitasari WA, Rochmawati I, Mulyani S. Evaluation of primary health workers training program to provide psychoeducation to family caregivers of persons with psichotic disorder. Journal Med Sci, vol. 47, No. 1, March: 36-42.

McWilliams S, Egan P, Jackson D, Renwick L, Foley S, Behan C, Fitzgerald E, Fetherston A, Turner N, Kinsella A, O’Callaghan E. Caregiver psychoeducation for first-episode psychosis. Eur Psychiatry. 2010;25(1):33–8.

Fitrikasari A, Kadarman A, Woroasih S, Sarjana W. Description of Caregiver Loads of Schizophrenic Sufferers in Outpatient Polyclinics at RSJ Amino Gondohutomo Semarang. Medica Hosp. 2012;1(2):118–22.

Swaroop, RS. Burden among Caregivers of Mentally- Ill Patients. International Journal Research and Development of Health. 2013. ISSN: 2321 – 1431.

Friedman MM, Bowden VR, Jones EG. Family Nursing Research Book, Theory and Practice. Jakarta: EGC. 2010:56.

Murtagh, J. General Practice. 5th ed. New South Wales: McGraw Hill. 2010.

Sharif F, Shaygan M, Mani A. Effect of a psycho-educational intervention for family members on caregiver burdens and

psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia in Shiraz, Iran. BMC Psychiatry. 2012;12(1):48.

Mantovani LM, Ferretjans R, Marçal IM, Oliveira AM, Guimarães FC, Salgado JV. Family burden in schizophrenia: The influence of age of onset and negative symptoms. Trends psychiatry Psychother. 2016;38(2):96–9.

Jagannathan A, Thirthalli J, Hamza A, Nagendra HR, Gangadhar BN. Predictors of family caregiver burden in schizophrenia: Study from an in-patient tertiary care hospital in India. Asian J Psychiatr. 2014;8(1):94–8.

Grandón P, Jenaro C, Lemos S. Primary caregivers of schizophrenia outpatients: Burden and predictor variables. Psychiatry Res. 2008;158(3):335–43.

Rössler W, Joachim Salize H, Van Os J, Riecher-Rössler A. Size of burden of schizophrenia and psychotic disorders. Vol.15, European Neuropsychopharmacology. 2005. p. 399–409.

Kaplan HI, Sadock BJ. Kaplan and Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (10th ed). Kaplan and Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry (10th ed.). 2007.

Zhang Z, Hong DE, Ying CH, Shuiying LI, Qian ZH, Hua LA, Lifang LI, Ling LI, Wenwu SH. Cross-sectional survey of the relationship of symptomatology, disability and family burden among patients with schizophrenia in Sichuan, China. Shanghai archives of psychiatry. 2014 Feb;26(1):22–9.

Swaroop RS. Burden among caregivers of mentally-ill patients. International Journal Research and Development of Health. 2013.

Prasetiawati T, Machira CR. Psychoeducation Intervention on Schizophrenia in Caregiver Community Care Schizophrenia Indonesia (Kpsi) to Improved Knowledge and Stigma Degradation on Schizophrenia Disorders in Yogyakarta (Doctoral dissertation). Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada. 2013

Sin J, Norman I. Psychoeducational interventions for family members of people with schizophrenia: A mixed-method systematic review. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013; 74(12):2114562.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rpcpe.33887

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 425 | views : 405

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Triatmi Dyah Wahyuning, Adi Heru Sutomo, Carla R. Marchira

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Web
AnalyticsView My Stats