Reducing the Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages among Children and Adolescents

Marya Yenita Sitohang(1*)

(1) School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia and Research Center for Population, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


This study focused on the link between sugary beverage intake and health consequences, especially in children and adolescents. Children and adolescents consumed more sugary beverages than the general population, increasing their risk of developing excessive weight gain in the future, which may lead to significant health consequences. While there are few studies about sugary drink consumption among Indonesian children and adolescents, there is a need to control the increasing trend of sugar-sweetened beverage consumption in Indonesia. This study looked into studies from other countries to learn more about the determinants of sugary drink consumption, the challenges of reducing sugary drink consumption, and various policies to reduce sugary drink consumption among children and adolescents. Using a scoping review, this study examined 21 papers that were relevant to the study’s objectives. Several researches have linked excessive sugary drinks to a variety of negative health effects in children and adolescents, including an increase in unhealthy weight gain, the onset of hypertension, an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Determinants of sugary drinks consumption among children and adolescents were socioeconomic status, physical activities, dietary behaviour, parents, and home environment. This study also discovered several policies in different countries intended to reduce sugary drink consumption, such as taxation, institutional changes, and raising awareness. Findings from this study may guide future research on sugar-sweetened beverage consumption among Indonesian children and adolescents, as well as raise the awareness among stakeholders, such as parents, children and adolescents, health professionals, and policymakers, on the need of preventing excessive sugar-sweetened beverage intake.


children and adolescents; noncommunicable disease; sugary drink

Full Text:



Abbafati, C., Abbas, K. M., Abbasi- Kangevari, M., Abd-Allah, F., Abdelalim, A., Abdollahi, M., Abdollahpour, I., Abegaz, K. H., Abolhassani, H., Aboyans, V., Abreu, L. G., Abrigo, M. R. M., Abualhasan, A., Abu-Raddad, L. J., Abushouk, A. I., Adabi, M., Adekanmbi, V., Adeoye, A. M., Adetokunboh, O. O., Murray, C. J. L. 2020. Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The Lancet, 396(10258), 1204–1222.

Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. 2005. Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, 8(1), 19–32.

Azaïs-Braesco, V., Sluik, D., Maillot, M., Kok, F., & Moreno, L. A. 2017. A review of total & added sugar intakes and dietary sources in Europe. Nutrition Journal, 16(1), 1–15.

Bleich, S. N., Barry, C. L., Gary-Webb, T. L., & Herring, B. J. 2014. Reducing sugar- sweetened beverage consumption by providing caloric information: How black adolescents alter their purchases and whether the effects persist. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 2417– 2424.

Bogart, L. M., Cowgill, B. O., Sharma, A. J., Uyeda, K., Sticklor, L. A., Alijewicz, K. E., & Schuster, M. A. 2013. Parental and home environmental facilitators of sugar- sweetened beverage consumption among overweight and obese Latino youth. Academic Pediatrics, 13(4), 348– 355.

Cawley, J., Thow, A. M., Wen, K., & Frisvold, D. 2019. The Economics of Taxes on Sugar-Sweetened Beverages : A Review of the Effects on Prices , Sales , Cross- Border Shopping, and Consumption. 1–22.

Cesare, M. Di, Khang, Y. H., Asaria, P., Blakely, T., Cowan, M. J., Farzadfar, F., Guerrero, R., Ikeda, N., Kyobutungi, C., Msyamboza, K. P., Oum, S., Lynch, J. W., Marmot, M. G., & Ezzati, M. 2013. Inequalities in non-communicable diseases and effective responses. The Lancet, 381(9866), 585–597.

Chazelas, E., Srour, B., Desmetz, E., Kesse-Guyot, E., Julia, C., Deschamps, V., Druesne-Pecollo, N., Galan, P., Hercberg, S., Latino-Martel, P., Deschasaux, M., & Touvier, M. 2019. Sugary drink consumption and risk of cancer: Results from NutriNet-Santé prospective cohort. The BMJ, 366.

Eyles, H., Ni Mhurchu, C., Nghiem, N., & Blakely, T. 2012. Food Pricing Strategies, Population Diets, and Non- Communicable Disease: A Systematic Review of Simulation Studies. PLoS Medicine, 9(12).

Fichera, E., Mora, T., Lopez-Valcarcel, B. G., & Roche, D. 2021. How do consumers respond to “sin taxes”? New evidence from a tax on sugary drinks. Social Science and Medicine, 274.

Friedrich, M. J. 2017. Global Obesity Epidemic Worsening. JAMA, 318(7), 603.

Hartigan, P., Patton-Ku, D., Fidler, C., & Boutelle, K. N. 2017. Rethink Your Drink: Reducing Sugar Sweetened Beverage Sales in a Children’s Hospital. Health Promotion Practice, 18(2), 238–244.

Hunter, D. J., & Reddy, K. S. 2013. Non- communicable Diseases. New England Journal of Medicine, 369(14), 1336– 1343.

Kansagra, S. M., Kennelly, M. O., Nonas, C. A., Curtis, C. J., Van Wye, G., Goodman, A., & Farley, T. A. 2015. Reducing sugary drink consumption: New York City’s approach. American Journal of Public Health, 105(4), 61–64.

Krieger, J., Bleich, S. N., Scarmo, S., & Ng, S. W. 2021. Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Reduction Policies: Progress and Promise. Annual Review of Public Health, 42, 439–461.

Laksmi, P. W., Morin, C., Gandy, J., Moreno, L. A., Kavouras, S. A., Martinez, H., Salas-Salvadó, J., & Guelinckx, I. 2018. Fluid intake of children, adolescents and adults in Indonesia: results of the 2016 Liq.In7 national cross-sectional survey. European Journal of Nutrition, 57(3), 89–100.

Lombardo, F. L., Spinelli, A., Lazzeri, G., Lamberti, A., Mazzarella, G., Nardone, P., Pilato, V., Buoncristiano, M., & Caroli, M. 2015. Severe obesity prevalence in 8-to 9-year-old Italian children: A large population-based study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(5), 603–608.

Malik, V. S., & Hu, F. B. 2022. The role of sugar-sweetened beverages in the global epidemics of obesity and chronic diseases. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 18(4), 205–218.

Mendez, M. A., Miles, D. R., Poti, J. M., Sotres-Alvarez, D., & Popkin, B. M. 2019. Persistent disparities over time in the distribution of sugar-sweetened beverage intake among children in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 109(1), 79–89.

Monge-Rojas, R., Vargas-Quesada, R., Chinnock, A., & Colón-Ramos, U. 2020. Changes in dietary intake of major nutrients and food sources among costa rican adolescents in the last 20 years. Journal of Nutrition, 150(9), 2405–2411.

Muth, N. D., Dietz, W. H., Magge, S. N., Johnson, R. K., Bolling, C. F., Armstrong, S. C., Haemer, M. A., Muth, N. D., Rausch, J. C., & Rogers, V. W. 2019. Public policies to reduce sugary drink consumption in children and adolescents. Pediatrics, 143(4).

Nguyen, S., Choi, H. K., Lustig, R. H., & Hsu, C. Yuan. 2009. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages, Serum Uric Acid, and Blood Pressure in Adolescents. Journal of Pediatrics, 154(6), 807–813.

Nurwanti, E., Hadi, H., Chang, J.-S., C-J. Chao, J., Paramashanti, B. A., Gittelsohn, J., & Bai, C.-H. 2019. Rural – Urban Diffe- rences in Dietary Behavior and Obesity: Results of the Riskesdas Study in 10- 18 Year-Old Indonesian Children and Adolescents. Nutrients, 11(2813), 1–14.

Rosinger, A., Herrick, K., Gahche, J., & Park, S. 2017. Sugar-sweetened Beverage Consumption Among U.S. Youth, 2011- 2014. NCHS Data Brief, 271, 1–8.

Ruyter, J. C. de, Olthof, M. R., Seidell, J. C., & Katan, M. B. 2012. A Trial of Sugar- free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children. New England Journal of Medicine, 367(15), 1397–1406.

Sartika, R. A. D., Atmarita, Duki, M. I. Z., Bardosono, S., Wibowo, L., & Lukito, W. 2022. Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Its Potential Health Implications in Indonesia. Kesmas, 17(1), 1–9.

Smith, L. H., & Holloman, C. 2014. Piloting ‘“Sodabriety”’: A School-Based Interven- tion to Impact Sugar-Sweetened. Journal of School Health, 84(3), 177–184.

Sundborn, G., Merriman, T. R., Thornley, S., Metcalf, P., & Jackson, R. 2014. An “end-game” for sugar sweetened beverages?

Pacific Health Dialog, 20(1), 22–30. Sylvetsky, A. C., Visek, A. J., Halberg, S., Rhee, D. K., Ongaro, Z., Essel, K. D., Dietz, W. H., & Sacheck, J. 2020. Beyond taste and easy access: Physical,

cognitive, interpersonal, and emotional reasons for sugary drink consumption among children and adolescents. Appetite, 155(104826).

Tasevska, N., DeLia, D., Lorts, C., Yedidia, M., & Ohri-Vachaspati, P. 2017. Determinants of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption among Low- Income Children: Are There Differences by Race/Ethnicity, Age, and Sex? Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 117(12), 1900–1920.

Thornley, S., & Sundborn, G. 2014. The story of FiZZ: An advocacy group to end the sale of sugar sweetened beverages in New Zealand. Pacific Health Dialog, 20(1), 95–97.

Vos, M. B., Kaar, J. L., Welsh, J. A., Van Horn, L. V., Feig, D. I., Anderson, C. A. M., Patel, M. J., Cruz Munos, J., Krebs, N. F., Xanthakos,

S. A., & Johnson, R. K. 2017. Added sugars and cardiovascular disease risk in children: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 135(19), 1017– 1034.

Watts, A. W., Miller, J., Larson, N. I., Eisenberg, M. E., Story, M. T., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. 2018. Multicontextual correlates of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage intake. Eating Behaviors, 30(April), 42– 48.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 874 | views : 733


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Populasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Populasi Indexed by:


analytics View My Stats