Sustainable Livelihood Conditions of Farm Worker Households around Baluran National Park: Case Study in Wonorejo, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.67204

Sri Rahayu Budiani(1*), Ratri Purnama Dewi(2), Kurniawati Kurniawati(3), Tiara Putri Amalia(4), Monita Deka Pratiwi(5), Retno Murti Andayaningrum(6), Ulil Usnaini(7), Putri Dwi Yuliana(8)

(1) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(5) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
(6) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
(7) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
(8) Department of Environmental Geography, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Farm workers are a group that is vulnerable to poverty and depends on weather or climatic factors. However, this profession dominates one of the villages around the Baluran National Park of Indonesia, i.e., Wonorejo, Banyuputih Subdistrict, Situbondo District, East Java. The Baluran National Park is a natural resource conservation area with a savanna ecosystem that was established in March 1980 through the Deklarasi Lima Taman Nasional (Declaration of Five National Parks) of Indonesia. It has an area of 25,000 hectares located in Banyuputih Subdistrict, Situbondo District, East Java and includes t h ree villages, i.e., Wonorejo, Sumberwaru, and Sumberanyar. This study aimed to describe the sustainable livelihood conditions of farm worker households in Wonorejo. This study is a quantitative research through household surveys and is supported by in-depth interviews with expert informants. The results of this study confirmed that farm workers in Wonorejo had good access to five livelihood assets, i.e., natural, physical, human, social, and financial assets. They had also been able to survive without destroying the natural resources in Baluran National Park.


Keywords


sustainable livelihood; farm workers; wonorejo; Baluran National Park

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anggraeni, Y. 2015. Pola Pemanfaatan dan Kontribusi Hasil Hutan Terhadap Pendapatan Masyarakat Desa Penyangga Taman Nasional Baluran. (Undergraduate Thesis). Jember: Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Jember.

Anonim. 2017. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor P.43/MENLHK/SETJEN/ KUM.1/6/2017 Tentang Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Sekitar Kawasan Suaka Alam dan Kawasan Pelestarian Alam. Jakarta: Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia.

DFID. (1999). Sustainable livelihoods Guidance Sheets. Department for International Development, http://www. livelihoods.org/.

Hizbaron, D.R., Rina, D.A dan Yosi, S.M. (2014). “Modal Sosial dalam Manajemen Bencana Erupsi Gunungapi Merapi 2010”. Modal Sosial dalam Manajemen Bencana. Editor R. Rijanta, Dyah R.H dan M. Baiquni. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Marliani, R.N. 2005. Studi Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Hutan Oleh Masyarakat Desa Penyangga Taman Nasional Baluran. (Undergraduate Thesis). Bogor: Faculty of Forestry, Agricultural Institute of Bogor.

Saggelorang, S.M.M.; A. R. Vekie dan F. D. J. S. Hanly. 2015. “Pengaruh Pengeluaran Pemerintah di Sektor Pendidikan dan Kesehatan Terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia di Sulawesi Utara”. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Efisiensi,15(2), 1-11.

Scoones, I. 1998. “Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: A Framework for Analysis”. IDS Working Paper 72. Institute of Development Studies.

Statistics Indonesia in Situbondo District. 2018. “Kecamatan Banyuputih dalam Angka 2018”. (Final Report). Situbondo:

Statistics Indonesia in Situbondo District. Sylviani dan Sakuntaladewi,

N. 2010. “Dampak Perubahan Musim dan Strategi Adaptasi Pengelola dan Masyarakat Desa Sekitar Taman Nasional Baluran”. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 7(3), 155-177.

The United Nations. 2012. “Studi Final tentang Pemajuan Hak Asasi Petani dan Masyarakat yang Bekerja di Daerah Pedesaan”. (Document). General Assembly. Advisory Committee.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.67204

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 582 | views : 892

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Populasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Populasi Indexed by:

ROAD

web
analytics View My Stats