Perawatan Lansia: Menerjemahkan Peraturan Nasional ke dalam Program Lokal di Kota Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.44148

Yuni Hastuti(1*), Muhadjir Darwin(2), Sukamdi Sukamdi(3), Agus Heruanto Hadna(4)

(1) Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(3) Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(4) Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


One of the important issues related to the elderly is the elder people is significantly increase in the number. In accordance to that, the problems faced by the elderly are also increase and vary. This study aims to examine whether the regulation as the basis for policy formulation and elderly care programs is sufficient. Besides that, this study also tends to identify the translating of existing regulations into elderly care programs in City of Yogyakarta. To answer these problems, research was conducted by combining three ways: document study, survey and qualitative study through in-depth interviews with stakeholders in City of Yogyakarta.The results show that normatively regulation at the national and provincial levels are sufficient as a basis for the formulation of elderly care policies. Nevertheless another serious problem is the operationalization of regulations into the program. The mandate in the law or other regulations was not fully be fulfilled at the level of programs and activities. At the operational level, several programs that have been carried out in City of Yogyakarta have been able to respond to the needs of the elderly. The survey shows that most of the elderly need to join a gathering of fellow seniors and this has been responded to by Rusela program (healthy elderly homes). However there are still some needs, especially regarding the economy and health that have not been responded optimally.


Keywords


elderly care policy; implementation; elderly program

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abikusno, N. 2007. Older Population In Indonesia: Trend, Issues, And Policy Responces. Jakarta: UNFPA.

Astuti, M., Sauqi., dan Ariani, D. 2016. “Implementasi Kebijakan Asistensi Sosial Lanjut Usia Telantar”. Jurnal Sosio Konsepsia, 5 (1).

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2014. Jakarta:BPS.

-----. 2017. Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasional Kor 2017. Jakarta: BPS.

-----. 2018a. Proyeksi Penduduk Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Tahun 2015-2025. Yogyakarta: BPS.

-----. 2018b. Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia 2017. Jakarta: BPS Bappenas. 2015. Perlindungan Sosial Lanjut Usia. Depok: Bappenas.

BKKBN. 2014. Paket Modul: Bina Keluarga Lansia. Yogyakarta: BKKBN.

BPPN, BPS, UNFPA. 2018. Proyeksi Penduduk Indonesia (Indonesian Population Projection) 2015-2045. Jakarta: Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional, Badan Pusat Statistik, United Nations Population Fund.

Dunn, W.N. 1994. Public Policy Analysis: An Introduction Second Edition. New Jersey: Practice-Hall, ASchimon & Schuster Company, Englewood Cliffs.

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan. 2015. Analisis Kebijakan Pemberdayaan dan Perlindungan Sosial Lanjut Usia. Jakarta: Deputi Bidang Koordinasi Penanggulangan Kemiskinan dan Perlindungan Sosial.

Khotimah, N., Gunardo., Ghufron, A., Sugiharti, S., dan Aryekti, K. 2016. “Lanjut Usia (Lansia) Peduli Masa Depan di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta”. Jurnal Geomedia, 14 (2), 51-66.

Lembaga Demografi UI dan HelpAge International. 2012. Hasil Penelitian Asistensi Sosial Untuk Usia Lanjut. Jakarta: Lembaga Demografi UI.

Pasolong, H. 2007. Teori Administrasi Publik. Makassar: ALFABETA. Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. 1998. Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 1998 tentang Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia. Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara.

Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. 2009. Undang-Undang nomor 11 tahun 2009 tentang kesejahteraan sosial. Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara.

-----. 2009. Undang-Undang Nomor 36 tahun 2009 tentang kesehatan. Jakarta: Sekretariat Negara.

-----. 2016. “Lampiran Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 25 tahun 2016 tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Kesehatan Lanjut Usia tahun 2016-2019”. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan.

Rachmiyati. 2011. Pedoman Kelompok Usaha Bersama. Jakarta: Kementerian Sosial Republik Indonesia, Direktorat Jenderal Pemberdayaan Sosial dan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan.

Ramdhani, A., dan Ramdhani, M. A. 2017. “Konsep Umum Pelaksanaan Kebijakan Publik”. Jurnal Publik, 11 (1), 1-12.

Rangkoly, I., Rumapea, P., dan Dengo, S. 2014.“ImplementasiKebijakanBantuan Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia Di Kecamatan Tanimbar Selatan Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara Barat”. Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 2 (3), 39-50.

Rustatiningsih. 2015. “Peranan Home Care dalam Mendukung Aktifitas Lanjut Usia di Kecamatan Mlati Kabupaten Sleman”. Tesis. Penyuluhan dan Komunikasi Pembangunan UGM.

Saputro, S., Rustama, A., Sudarsana., Kusnandar., Istiqomah, N., Khoiriyah, S., Tantri, D., Karyanta, N.A. 2015. Analisis Kebijakan Pemberdayaan dan Perindungan Sosial Lanjut Usia. Jakarta: Deputi Bidang Koordinasi Penanggulangan Kemiskinan dan Perlindungan Sosial.

Silviany, M. 2015. “Implementasi Kebijakan Kesejahteraan Sosial Lanjut Usia Di Kecamatan Palu Barat Kota Palu”. Jurnal Katalogis, 3 (5), 77-85.

Subarsono, AG. 2011. Analisis Kebijakan Publik (konsep. teori dan aplikasi). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Suriastini, Ni Wayan, Yuda Turana, Firman Witoelar, Bondan Supraptilah, Teguh Yudo Wicaksono, dan Endra Dwi M. 2016. “Angka Prevalensi Demensia: Perlu Perhatian Kita Semua”. Policy Brief. Yogyakarta: Survey Meter.

Thoha, M. 2012. Dimensi-Dimensi Prima Ilmu Administrasi Negara. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Yamane, Taro. 1967. Statistics, An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row.

Yanuardi., Fitriana, K. N., dan Ahdiyana, M. 2017. “Evaluasi Kebijakan Sosial Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Lanjut Usia Terlantar (LUT)”. Jurnal PKS, 16 (1), Hlm. 1-10.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.44148

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1732 | views : 4311

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Populasi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Populasi Indexed by:

ROAD

web
analytics View My Stats