STRATEGI RUMAH TANGGA MISKIN PERDESAAN KELUAR DARI KEMISKINAN: KASUS TIGA DESA DI KULON PROGO, DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.15695

Agus Joko Pitoyo(1*), Muhammad Arif Fahrudin Alfana(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menjelaskan strategi masyarakat perdesaan di tiga desa dengan kondisi geogra s yang berbeda untuk keluar dari kemiskinan. Terpilihnya tiga desa itu karena jumlah penduduk miskinnya secara absolut dan relatif tinggi. Perbedaan itu menarik untuk diteliti karena ada variasi strategi penduduk miskin untuk keluar dari kemiskinan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dan wawancara pada 323 rumah tangga yang tergolong miskin. Analisis data dilakukan dengan analisis deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada variasi strategi rumah tangga untuk keluar dari kemiskinan. Rumah tangga miskin di tiga desa menerapkan beberapa strategi. Namun diversi kasi sumber-sumber pendapatan merupakan strategi yang paling banyak dipilih oleh penduduk miskin. Usaha diversi kasi yang dilakukan adalah mengusahakan ternak sapi dan menambah jumlah pohon kakao. Perbedaan pemilihan strategi tersebut disebabkan oleh adanya perbedaan kondisi geogra s di setiap desa. 


Keywords


kemiskinan, strategi kelangsungan hidup, perdesaan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.15695

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