DINAMIKA PEMAKAIAN ALAT KONTRASEPSI PADA WANITA PERNAH KAWIN DI INDONESIA: ANALISIS DATA IFLS 1997, 2000, DAN 2007

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.15693

Eddy Kiswanto(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perubahan pemakaian alat kontrasepsi dari tahun 1997-2007 pada wanita kawin usia 15-49 tahun dan alasan tidak memakai alat kontrasepsi lagi berdasarkan data Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) 1997, 2000, dan 2007. Analisis deskriptif digunakan untuk mengetahui karakteristik wanita pernah kawin yang menggunakan alat kontrasepsi, sedangkan tabulasi silang digunakan untuk mendapatkan pola penggunaan alat kontrasepsi berdasarkan karakteristik individu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar wanita pernah kawin yang menggunakan alat kontrasepsi berada pada kelompok umur di bawah 40 tahun dan baru memiliki 1-2 orang anak. Dari sisi pendidikan, paling banyak berpendidikan rendah dan menikah pada usia muda, sedangkan wanita yang berpendidikan tinggi cenderung menunda perkawinannya. Jenis kontrasepsi yang paling banyak dipakai adalah hormonal, baik dari tahun 1997-2000 maupun dari tahun 2000-2007. Mayoritas akseptor baru tahun 2000 dan 2007 memakai alat kontrasepsi jenis hormonal, demikian juga akseptor yang berhenti memakai sebelumnya menggunakan jenis hormonal. Alasan penghentian pemakaian alat kontrasepsi terbanyak adalah karena keinginan mempunyai anak lagi. Sebagian besar mereka berada pada kelompok umur di bawah 30 tahun dan baru memiliki 1-2 orang anak. 


Keywords


alat kontrasepsi, wanita pernah kawin, hormonal

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.15693

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