DAMPAK SOSIAL MIGRASI TENAGA KERJA KE MALAYSIA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.12483

Wini Tamtiari(1*)

(1) Pusat Studi Kependudukan dan Kebijakan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


From an economics point of view, the phenomena of migrant workers to Malaysia have more a positive impact than the negative one. Yet, from a different perspective of the social-psychological, there is a main concern of the negative impact suffered particularly by the family of migrant workers in the sending countries. Migrant workers to Malaysia, especially men as head of families, has altered the life patterns of family members left in the sending countries. This turnabout has eventually disturbed a family life which lead to family stress and disruption. The result of the present study carried out at one of the several villages known as a migrant workers pocket in East Lombok show, that the turnabout has influenced a step of divorcement and separation among migrant workers’ families. By and large this occurrence can be recognized from increase divorce rates compared to the prior time of migrant workers mania to Malaysia.


Keywords


dampak migrasi internaional, ekonomi,

Full Text:

PDF


References

Appleyard, Reginald T. 1982. “Methods of estimating and analysing international migrat- ion”, dalam United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and The Pasific. National migration surveys X. guidelines for analyses. New York.

Boyd, Monica. 1989. “Family and personal networks in inter- national migration: recent developments and new agendas”, International Migration Review, 23(3): 638-670.

Castles, S., dan Mark J. Miller. 1993. The age of migration: inter-national population movements in the modern world. London: Mac Millan.

De Jong, G.F., dan J.T. Fawcett. 1981. “Motivation for migration: an assessment and a value- expectancy research model”, dalam Gordon F. De Jong and Robert W. Gardner, eds. Migration decision making: mutidisciplinary approaches to microlevel studies in developed and developing countries. New York: Pergamon Press.

Fawcett, JT. 1989. “Networks, linkages, and migration system”, International Migration Review, 23(3): 671-680.

Goma, Johana Naomi. 1993. Mobilitas tenaga kerja Flores Timur ke Sabah Malaysia dan pengaruh- nya terhadap daerah asal: studi kasus desa Neleren, Kecamatan Adonara, Kabupaten Flores Timur. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada. Tesis Program Studi Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Hugo, Graeme J. 1991. “Migrant women in developing countries”, paper presented at The United Nations Expert Group Meeting on the Feminisation of Internal Migration, Aquascalientes, Mexico.

Keban, Yeremias T. 1995. “Migrasi internasional: kecenderungan, determinan, dampak dan kebijakan”, paper Pelatihan Mobilitas Penduduk, Yogya-karta, 11-23 Desember. Yogyakarta: kerjasama Kantor Menteri Negara Kependudukan dan Pusat Penelitian Kepen- dudukan.

Lewis, J.R. 1986. “International labour migration and uneven regional development in labour exporting countries”, TESG (Tijdschrift voor Econ. en Soc. Geografie), 77(1): 27-41.

Mantra, Ida Bagoes. 1989. Mobilitas penduduk sirkuler dari desa ke kota di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan, Universitas Gadjah Mada.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.12483

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 5496 | views : 11550

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Populasi




Copyright of Jurnal Populasi ISSN 0853-6202 (PRINT), ISSN: 2476-941X (ONLINE).


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Populasi Indexed by:

ROAD

web
analytics View My Stats