PENGGUNAAN HASIL SENSUS UNTUK ESTIMASI URBANISASI

https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.10729

Muhadjir Darwin(1*), Tukiran Tukiran(2)

(1) Gadjah Mada University
(2) Gadjah Mada University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Urbanization canbedefined inmanyways: various definitions concerning it are found in population literature. Different censuses also tend to define the concept of urban differently. This inconsistency of definitionhas obstructed those who want to conduct acomparative analysis on urbanization, both cross- country and longitudinal analysis of a country. This article attempts to examine the problem by clarifying the definition of the concept and indicators of urban and urbanization and by making a longitudinal analysis of urbanization using the Indonesian 1920-1990 Cencus data. Regardless of how the concept of urban is defined in each census, this analysis has found a steady increase in urban population number. However, if the different definitions of the concept are taken into consideration, it may bring up different conclusion. Part of the reasons of the increase is a reclassification of village' status from being rural to become urban. Oneway to prove this proposition is by comparing the level of urban population growth between large cities and their surrounding regencies. This analysis clearly shows that the latter has higher population growth than the former.


Keywords


populasi, geografi, urbanisasi, sensus, migrasi

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jp.10729

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