Pengaruh Program Perubahan Perilaku Ibu Hamil (Cerdigi) Berdasarkan Teori ABC (Studi Pendahuluan di Kelurahan Serpong, Tangerang Selatan)

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.9228

Annisa Septalita(1*), Peter Andreas(2)

(1) Magister Program Studi Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(2) Program Studi Ilmu Kedokteran Gigi Komunitas, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Maternal Behavior Change Program (Cerdigi) Based on ABC’s Theory (Pilot Study in Serpong Subdistrict, South Tangerang). Oral health is one of the things that need attention during pregnancy. However, the behavior of dental and oral health maintenance during pregnancy is still low. Poor oral health conditions in pregnant women can have an impact, such as premature births and low birth weight (LBW) babies. ABC behavior change theory focuses on the antecedent, behavior, and consequence of behavior. The purpose of this study is to determine pregnant women’s behavior of oral health maintenance, identify their antecedent factors, behavior change interventions (DHE), and analyze the behavior consequence. This was a descriptive research with a cross-sectional design among 27 pregnant women in Serpong Subdistrict, South Tangerang. The data were collected through interviews and questionnaires. The results show 100% (27 respondents) did tooth brushing twice a day, 44,4% (12 respondents) used mouthwash once a week and 4% (1 respondent) visited a dentist during pregnancy. The antecedent factors of not visiting a dentist during pregnancy were because: 33% did not know the benefits of visiting a dentist, 26% had fear of dentist, 19% felt that visiting a dentist was expensive, 11% did not feel the need to go to a dentist, and 11% had fear of disturbing the fetus. After 9 days of intervention, the consequences on the 19 respondents were evaluated and the results show that 89.5% had not visited a dentist, 5.25% had visited a dentist, and 5.25% did not want to visit a dentist. The reason of not visiting a dentist was because of having not much time 52.8%, having nobody to accompany 11.8%, feeling lazy 11.8%, still feeling afraid of a dentist 11.8 %, and having no money 11.8%. The conclusion from this study is that the most dominant behaviors of oral health maintenance in pregnant women is to maintain it by themselves (toothbrushing and using mouthwash), while maintaining the health by visiting a dentist is still low with various antecendents.


Keywords


Behavior of pregnant women; pregnancy; maintenance of oral health; dental examination; antecedentsbehavior- consequence

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ekaputri N, Sjahruddin FLD. Hubungan perilaku wanita hamil dalam membersihkan gigi dan mulut dengan kedalaman poket

periodontal selama masa kehamilan. M I Kedokteran Gigi. 2005; 62: 90-2.

Hajikazemi E, Fateme O, Shoaleh HM, Soghra N, Hamid H. The relationship between knowledge, attitude, and practice of pregnant

women about oral and dental care. Euro J. 2008; 24 (4): 556-61.

Sarifakioglu E, Gunduz C, Gorpelioglu. Oral mucosa manifestations in 100 pregnant versus non-pregnant patients: an epidemiological observational study (abstract). EDJ. 2006; 16(6): 674.

Diana D. Pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku wanita hamil pengunjung poli ibu hamil (PIH) RSUD dr. Pirngadi Medan terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut selama masa kehamilan periode November-Desember 2009. Skripsi. Medan: FKG USU; 2009. H. 42-7.

Mwaiswelo RO, Masalu JR. Oral health knowledge and behavior among pregnant women in Keyla District, Mabeya, Tanzania.

Tanzania dent J. 2007; 14 (2): 47–52.

Santoso O, Wildam ASR, Retroningrum D. Hubungan kebersihan mulut dan gingivitis ibu hamil terhadap kejadiaan bayi berat badan

lahir rendah kurang bulan di RSUP Dr. Kariadi Semarang dan jejaringanya. Media Medika Indonesiana. 2009; 43: 288-93.

Graeff JA, Elder JP, Booth EM. Communication for oral health and behavior change. San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers; 1996. H.

-36.

Potoczak K, Carr JE, Michael J. The effects of consequence manipulation during functional analysis of problem behavior maintained by negative reinforcement. Applied Behavior Analysis J. 2007; 40: 719-724.

Marchi KS, Fisher Owe SA, Weintraub JA, Yu Z, Braveman PA. Most pregnant women in California do not receive dental care: findings from a population-based study. Public Health Rep J. 2010; 125(6): 831-42.

Claas BM. Self-reported oral health and access to dental care among pregnant women In Wellington. Thesis. Wellington, New

Zealand: Master of Public Health at Massey University; 2009. H. 15-8.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.9228

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1157 | views : 2228

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia




Currently, Majalah Kedokteran Gigi Indonesia indexed by:

         

 

 

 

 

 

 View My Stats


real
time web analytics