Pengaruh Komposisi Glass Fiber Non Dental dan Penambahan Silane terhadap Kekuatan Geser Fiber Reinforced Composite sebagai Retainer Ortodonsi

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8966

Dian Noviyanti Agus Imam(1*), Siti Sunarintyas(2), Nuryono Nuryono(3)

(1) Jurusan Kedokteran Gigi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
(2) Bagian Biomaterial, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Jurusan Kimia, Fakultas Kedokteran Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Retainer dibutuhkan untuk membantu menstabilkan posisi gigi geligi selama proses reorganisasi jaringan periodontal berlangsung. Retainer FRC ortodonsi dikembangkan sebagai alternatif material estetika serta aman bagi pasien alergi terhadap nikel. E-glass fiber lebih sering digunakan sebagai retainer ortodonsi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji pengaruh komposisi glass fiber non dental dan penambahan silane terhadap kekuatan geser FRC sebagai retainer ortodonsi. Subjek penelitian terdiri dari 9 kelompok perlakuan dengan 3 jenis glass fiber yang berbeda yaitu glass fiber non dental A (LT, Cina), B (CMAX, Cina) dan C (HJ, Cina). Masing-masing glass fiber diberi perlakuan yang bervariasi yaitu tanpa penambahan silane, penambahan silane 1x dan 2x. Subjek penelitian direndam dalam akuades dan disimpan pada suhu 37ºC selama 24 jam sebelum dilakukan uji kekuatan geser dengan menggunakan alat Universal Testing Machine. Hasil penelitian dianalisis variansi dua jalur dan post hoc Tukey untuk mengetahui perbedaan statistik masing-masing kelompok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa glass fiber non dental A dengan penambahan 2x silane memiliki rerata kekuatan geser tertinggi (12,72±2,02 MPa) sedangkan glass fiber non dental B tanpa penambahan silane memiliki rerata kekuatan geser terendah (6,96±1,69 MPa). Terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara komposisi fiber maupun penambahan silane terhadap kekuatan geser FRC (p<0,05). Tidak terdapat perbedaan bermakna pada letak kegagalan FRC (p>0,05). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa komposisi SiO2 dan Al2O3 yang tinggi pada glass fiber non dental serta penambahan silane dapat meningkatkan kekuatan geser FRC.

 

The Effect of Non Dental Glass Fiber Composition and Silane Addition on The Shear Bond Strength of Fiber Reinforced Composite as An Orthodontic Retainer. Retainers are required to stabilize the position of the teeth to permit reorganization of periodontal tissue. FRC orthodontic retainer was developed as an alternative material aesthetic and safe for nickel allergic patients. E-glass fiber is commonly used as an orthodontic retainer. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of non dental glass fiber composition and silanes addition on the shear bond strength of the FRC as an orthodontic retainer. This study consisted of 9 treatment groups with three different types of non dental glass fiber, namely non dental glass fiber A (LT, China), B (CMAX, China) and C (HJ, China). Each glass fiber was given a variation treatment, without silanes, one time and two times of silanes addition. All the samples were stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 24 hours and subsequently tested for shear strength by using Universal Testing Machine.The groups were submitted to two way ANOVA analysis of variance with Tukey post test to verify the statictical difference between groups. The results showed that a non dental glass fiber A with two times of silanes addition has the highest shear bond strength (12,72±2,02 MPa), meanwhile a non dental glass fiber B without silane addition has the lowest shear bond strength (6,96±1,69 MPa). There were significant differences between the composition of glass fiber and the addition of silane toward the shear bond strength of FRC (p<0,05). No significant differences in debonded locations of FRC (p>0,05). Based on the results of this study concluded that the composition of the high SiO2 and Al2O3 in the non dental glass fiber  and the silanes addition can increase the shear bond strength FRC.


Keywords


fiber reinforced composite; glass fiber; komposisi glass fiber; silane; kekuatan geser; fiber reinforced composite; glass fiber; glass fiber composition; silanes; the shear bond strength

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8966

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