Efek Pemberian Ekstrak Lidah Buaya (Aloe Barbadensis Miller) pada Soket Gigi terhadap Kepadatan Serabut Kolagen Pasca Ekstraksi Gigi Marmut (Cavia Porcellus)

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8743

Fatma Yuza(1*), Ivan Arie Wahyudi(2), Sri Larnani(3)

(1) Pendidikan Dokter Gigi, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Bagian Biomedika, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Bagian Biomedika, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tindakan ekstraksi gigi menyebabkan terjadinya luka sehingga akan melibatkan proses penyembuhan luka pada jaringan. Salah satu tahap penting dari proses penyembuhan luka pasca esktraksi gigi adalah terbentuknya serabut kolagen. Lidah buaya (Aloe barbadensis Miller) mengandung saponin, vitamin C dan acemannan yang diduga membantu
proses pembentukan serabut kolagen. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak lidah buaya terhadap kepadatan serabut kolagen pada proses penyembuhan luka pasca ekstraksi gigi marmut (Cavia porcellus). Lidah buaya yang digunakan berasal dari Sleman, Yogyakarta. Pembuatan ekstrak menggunakan metode maserasi dan pelarut air. Selanjutnya, dua puluh tujuh ekor marmut dibagi ke dalam kelompok kontrol dan kelompok perlakuan. Kelompok perlakuan terdiri dari kelompok ekstrak lidah buaya 45% dan 90%. Ekstrak lidah buaya sebanyak 0,05ml diteteskan kedalam soket gigi marmut pasca ekstraksi gigi pada kelompok perlakuan. Soket gigi marmut kelompok kontrol tidak diberi aplikasi zat aktif apapun. Tiga ekor subjek dari masing-masing kelompok dikorbankan pada hari ke-3, 7, dan 14 setelah ekstraksi gigi. Preparat histologis kepadatan kolagen soket gigi marmut diamati dengan menggunakan mikroskop cahaya perbesaran 400x. Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji Kruskal-Wallis dan dilanjutkan
dengan uji Post Hoc menggunakan uji Mann-Whitney untuk membandingkan kepadatan kolagen antar kelompok pasca ekstraksi gigi marmut. Hasil uji statistik antar kelompok menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak lidah buaya 90% berpengaruh pada pembentukan serabut kolagen jika dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol (p<0,05) pada hari ke-7 pasca ekstraksi gigi marmut. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah ekstrak lidah buaya 90% dapat membantu meningkatkan kepadatan serabut kolagen soket gigi hari ke-7 pasca ekstraksi gigi marmut.

 

The Effect of Aloe Barbadensis Miller Extract to The Density of Collagen Fibers in The Wound Healing Process after Tooth Extraction of Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus). Tooth extraction causes wound that would involve wound healing process on tissue. One of the important stages of wound healing process after dental extraction is the formation of collagen fibers. Aloe barbadensis Miller contains saponins, vitamin C and ace mannan that allegedly assist the process of collagen fibers formation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Aloe barbadensis Miller extract to the density of collagen fibers in the wound healing process after tooth extraction of guinea pig (Cavia
porcellus). Aloe vera is used in this study came from Sleman, Yogyakarta. Extract is made with maceration method and water as the solvent. Furthermore, twenty-seven guinea pigs were divided into a control group and treatment groups. The treatment groups consisted 45% Aloe barbadensis Miller extract group and 90% Aloe barbadensis Miller extract
group. Aloe barbadensis Miller extract as much as 0.05 ml dropped into guinea pigs tooth sockets after tooth extraction in the treatment groups. Guinea pig’s tooth socket of the control group was not given any active substance. Three guinea pigs of each group were sacrificed on day 3, 7, and 14 after tooth extraction. Histology preparations of guinea pig teeth
sockets density of collagen were observed using light microscope 400x magnification. Analyzing data is done by Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Post Hoc test using the Mann-Whitney test for comparing collagen density between groups. Statistically results between groups showed that the extract of 90% Aloe barbadensis Miller affected the formation of collagen fibers when compared to the control group (p <0.05) on day 7 after tooth extraction of guinea pig. The conclusion of this study was 90% Aloe barbadensis Miller extract increased the density of collagen fibers from the tooth socket seven days after tooth extraction of guinea pig.


Keywords


ekstrak lidah buaya; kepadatan serabut kolagen; penyembuhan luka; marmut; aloe barbadensis miller extract; density of collagen fibers; wound healing; guinea pig

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8743

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