Pembuatan Adhesive Bridge dengan Fiber Reinforced Composite untuk Perawatan Kehilangan dan Kegoyahan Gigi Anterior Rahang Bawah

https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8522

Demmy Wijaya(1*), Murti Indrastuti(2), Erwan Sugiatno(3)

(1) Program Studi Prostodonsia, Program Pendidikan Dokter Gigi Spesialis, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(2) Bagian Prortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Bagian Prortodonsia, Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Salah satu perawatan kehilangan gigi anterior untuk tujuan estetis adalah dengan adhesive bridge. Fiber Reinforced Composite (FRC) adalah bahan struktural yang terdiri dari 2 konstituen yang berbeda. Komponen penguat (fiber) memberikan kekuatan dan kekakuan, sedangkan matriks (resin komposit) mendukung penguatan. Bahan FRC dapat digunakan untuk pembuatan adhesive bridge dan juga dapat digunakan sebagai stabilisasi gigi yang mengalami kegoyahan. Adanya gigi pendukung yang sehat juga sangat membantu keberhasilan perawatan ini. Laporan kasus ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi tentang penatalaksanaan perawatan kehilangan dan kegoyahan gigi anterior rahang bawah menggunakan FRC. Seorang pasien laki-laki berusia 33 tahun datang ke klinik Prostodonsia RSGM Prof. Soedomo ingin dibuatkan gigi tiruan. Pasien kehilangan gigi 31, gigi 32, gigi 41 dan mengalami kegoyahan derajat 2 disertai resesi gingiva. Kondisi tersebut akibat pasca pembuatan gigi tiruan di tukang gigi. Pasien tidak ingin giginya yang goyah dilakukan pencabutan. Tatalaksana kasus: pencetakan rahang untuk model diagnostik, pembuatan mock-up pontik gigi 31 pada model diagnostik, pembuatan index dengan mencetak bagian lingual dan 1/3 incisal menggunakan putty, preparasi gigi penyangga (gigi 32, 33, 41, 42, 43), pemasangan fiber dengan bantuan index putty, pembentukan bagian labial pontik dengan komposit, finishing dan polishing. Kesimpulan: Fiber reinforced composite dapat dipakai untuk pengelolaan pasien yang mengalami kehilangan dan kegoyahan gigi anterior rahang bawah.

Adhesive Bridge of Fiber Reinforced Composite to Treat Tooth Missing and Luxation of Lower Anterior Teeth. One of the anterior tooth loss treatments for esthetic purposes is the adhesive bridge. Fiber Reinforced Composite (FRC) is a structural material that consists of two different constituencies. Amplifier components (fiber) provide strength and stiffness, while matrix (resin composite) support reinforcement. FRC materials can be used in the manufacture of adhesive bridge and can also be utilized for a tooth stabilization for luxation case. The existence of supporting healthy teeth is also very helpful the success of this treatment. Objective: The aim of this case report was to provide information about management of missing teeth and luxation of lower anterior teeth using the FRC. Case: Thirty-three years old male patient came for a denture to the Prosthodontics Clinic of the Prof. Soedomo Hospital. The patient lost tooth 31, the teeth 32 and 41 had a luxation degree 2 with gingival recession. The condition is due to post-manufacture of artificial teeth in dental technician. The Patient did not want to extract the teeth. Managing cases: Impression of teeth for diagnostic models, mock-ups of the pontic tooth 31 on diagnostic models, manufacturing of index scoring lingual and 1/3 incisal using putty, preparation of the abutment (32, 33, 41, 42, 43), the installation of fiber with index putty, forming the labial pontic with composite continued with finishing and polishing. Conclusion: Fiber reinforced composite can be used for the management of patients who experienced a loss and shakiness lower anterior teeth.


Keywords


Fiber reinforced composite; adhesive bridge; stabilisasi; fiber reinforced composite; adhesive bridge; stabilization

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/majkedgiind.8522

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