The Word-Formation Processes and Semantic Relations of Compound Words in National Geographic Magazine Articles

Muhammad Akmal Taqiyyudin(1), Rio Rini Diah Moehkardi(2*)

(1) English Department Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) English Department Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


This study examines compound words and their semantic relations and interprets the meanings of the newly coined compound words found in National Geographic magazine’s January to June 2019 issues. This study uses qualitative methods to analyze the data. It classifies compound words using Delahunty & Garvey’s theory (2010) into five types: compound noun (CN), compound verb (CV), compound adjective (CAdj), compound adverb (CAv), and neoclassical compound (NCC). It also analyzes the semantic relations of compound words. The results of the study show that 241 compound words were found. The most common type of compound words was compound nouns (59.75%), followed by neoclassical compounds (18.67%), compound adjectives (15.35%), compound verbs (4.98%), and the least common type is compound adverbs (1.24%). The study also shows that 70.54% of the compound words found belong to endocentric compounds, and the remaining 29.46% to exocentric compounds. In addition, six newly coined and theme-related compound words were found. The meanings of these newly coined compound words are not available in referenced dictionaries.


compound word; semantic relation; endocentric compound; exocentric compound; National Geographic Magazine

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