Unreleased Bursts of Final Stops in English Words as Pronounced by Native Speakers of Javanese from Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v7i2.66568

Muhammad Furqon Abrori(1), Aris Munandar(2*)

(1) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This research aims to describe how native speakers of Javanese from Yogyakarta realize final stops in English words, understand how often they pronounce final stops in English words with audible release burst, and examine whether release burst in final stops is a feature of Yogyakartan Javanese accent of English, based on their occurrence frequency. 20 native Javanese speakers from Yogyakarta were asked to pronounce 24 English words ending in stops: /p/, /t/, /k/, /b/, /d/, and /g/. The recordings were then analyzed and compared against recordings of the words produced by native English speakers using Praat to identify the release bursts. The finding shows that release burst can be found in 7 out of 80 (8.75%) recordings of words ending in final /p/, 8 out of 80 (10%) recordings of words ending in final /t/, 15 out of 80 (18.75%) recordings of words ending in final /k/, 10 out of 80 (12.5%) recordings of words ending in final /b/, 9 out of 80 (11.25%) recordings of words ending in final /d/, and 16 out of 80 (20%) recordings of words ending in final /g/. In total, 165 out of 480 (13.54%) recordings contain release bursts in the final stop.

Keywords


release burst; final stops; stops; Javanese; Yogyakarta

Full Text:

PDF


References

1000 Most Common English Words. (n.d.). Retrieved August 4, 2019, from https://1000mostcommonwords.com/1000-most-common-english-words/.

Audacity Team (n.d). Audacity(R): Free Audio Editor and Recorder [Computer Program]. Retrieved August 4, 2019, from https://www.audacityteam.org/

 Boersma, P. & Weenink, D. (2019). PRAAT: Doing phonetics by computer, version 6.1.42, Retrieved August 4, 2019, from https://www.fon.hum.uva.nl/praat/.

Brakel, L. F. (1969). A note on the importance of the Ngoko-Krama distinction for the determination of Javanese language structure. Bijdragen Tot De Taal-, Land En Volkenkunde / Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia, 125, 2, 263-266. doi: 10.1163/22134379-90002846.

Brockhaus, W. (1995) Final devoicing in the phonology of German. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.

Brown, K., & Ogilvie, S. (2008). Concise encyclopedia of languages of the world. Burlington: Elsevier.

Crowley, T., & Bowern, C. (2010). An introduction to historical linguistics (4th Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Discord Inc. (n.d). Discord [Computer Software]. Retrieved August 4, 2019, from: http://discord.com.

Laver, J. (1994). Principles of phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Malécot, A. (1958). The role of releases in the identification of released final stops: A series of tape-cutting experiments. Language, 34(3), 370-380.

Odden, D. (2005). Introducing phonology. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rahmatika, D., Mujiyanto., J, & Sukrisno, A. (2017). The influence of Brebes Javanese dialect toward students’ pronunciation of English speech sounds (A case study in SMAN 1 Brebes). 1st ELLiC Proceedings: `Innovation, Trends, and Challenges in English Language Learning in the 21st Century`, pp 189-194.

Ramelan. (1977). English phonetics. Semarang: UPT UNNES PRESS.

Smith-Hefner, N. J. (1989). A social history of language change in highland East Java. The Journal of Asian Studies48(2), 257-271. DOI: 10.2307/2057377

Tsukada, K., Birdsong, D., Mack, M., Sung H, Bialystok E., Flege, J. (2004). Release bursts in English word-final voiceless stops produced by native English and Korean adults and children. Phonetica, 61, 67-83. DOI: 10.1159/000082557.

Vaux, B., & Cooper, J. (1999). Introduction to linguistic field methods. München: LINCOM GmbH.

Wood, E. (2003). TH-fronting: The substitution of f/v for θ/ð in New Zealand English. New Zealand English Journal 2003, 17, 50-56.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v7i2.66568

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 246 | views : 171

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Furqon Abrori, Aris Munandar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Lexicon Office

English Department
Faculty of Cultural Sciences,
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Soegondo Building, 3rd Floor, Room 306
Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
Telephone: +62 274 513096
Email: lexicon.fib@ugm.ac.id

ISSN: 2746-2668 (Online)
ISSN: 2302-2558 (Print)

Web Analytics View Stats

Creative Commons License
LEXICON is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.