Politeness Strategies of Disagreement by English Native Speaker Students


Nadia Yofa Laela Khoirunnisa(1*), Tofan Dwi Hardjanto(2)

(1) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) English Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


This research paper investigates the speech act of disagreement performed by English native speaker students. Particularly, it attempts to examine the politeness strategies used by English native speaker students in realizing disagreement. The data were obtained using Discourse Completion Task consisting of six situations that were completed by twenty students. The results showed that a total of 113 utterances of disagreement were found. The most frequently used strategy was negative politeness (41.6%) since this strategy becomes the most suitable strategy to minimize the imposition of disagreement utterances. The rank is then followed by positive politeness (29.2%), bald on-record (25.7%), and off-record (3.5%).


disagreement; DCT; politeness; politeness strategies; speech acts

Full Text:

19-27 PDF


Basarvad, S. , Eslami-Rasekh, A. , & Simin, S. (2015). The Study of Disagreement Strategies to Suggestions Used by Iranian Male and Female Learners. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 49, pp. 30-42.

Brown, P. and Levinson, S. C. (1987). Universal in Language usage: Politeness phenomena. In E. N. Goody (Ed). Question and Politeness: Strategies in Social Interaction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kreutel, K. (2007). “I’m not agree with you”. ESL Learners’ Expression of Disagreement. TESL-EJ 11 (3), pp. 1-35.

Nadar, FX. (2009). Pragmatik dan Penelitian Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

Pomerantz, A. (1984). Agreeing and disagreeing with assessments: Some features of preferred/disprefered turn shapes. In J. Atkinson & M. Heritage (Eds.), Structures in Social Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 57-101.

Sifianou, M. (2012). Disagreement, face and politeness. Journal of Pragmatics 44, pp. 1554-1564.

Xuehua, W. (2006). A Study of Strategy Use in Showing Agreement and Disagreement to Others Opinions. CELEA Journal 29. Vol V, pp. 55-65.

Yule, G. (1996). Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lexicon.v5i1.41271

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1142 | views : 2929


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Nadia Yofa Laela Khoirunnisa, Tofan Dwi Hardjanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lexicon Office

English Department
Faculty of Cultural Sciences,
Universitas Gadjah Mada
Soegondo Building, 3rd Floor, Room 306
Yogyakarta, Indonesia 55281
Telephone: +62 274 513096
Email: lexicon.fib@ugm.ac.id

ISSN: 2746-2668 (Online)

Web Analytics View Stats

Creative Commons License
LEXICON is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lexicon is indexed in


About UsSubmissionIssuePoliciesReview