Learning Organization through The Internalization of Transformational Leadership: A Study of An Indonesian School

https://doi.org/10.22146/jlo.72343

Yoel Wibowo(1*), Debora C Widjaja(2), Foedjiawati Foedjiawati(3)

(1) Petra Christian University
(2) Department of Hotel Management, Faculty of Business and Economics, Petra Christian University, Surabaya
(3) Department of Creative Tourism, Faculty of Business and Economics, Petra Christian University, Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Introduction: Conventional educational institutions around the world is currently hampered by a disruptive wave. Educational institutions, particularly schools, stress the need for controlled change to keep up with external uncontrolled changes. Learning Organization (LO) is very suitable to be implemented in every educational institution due to its conformity with continuous improvement and learning process. Objectives: This study aims to investigate the impact of Transformational Leadership (TL) on the creation of LO in a private school in Indonesia, especially among millennial employees working there. Novelty: This research is conducted in regard to the contextual (the implementation of TL in an educational institution and the inclusion of demographic factors) and the theoretical gap (detailed perspective on each of the dimensions of TL and the use of second-order modeling) left by previous research. Research Method: This study is designed as an applied research adopting mixed method approach to provide better triangulation and elaboration towards the case. Data is collected through survey and follow-up interviews towards the sample. Findings: This study points out that the implementation of TL has positive and significant impact on the creation of LO in the school, while the millennial age group does not moderate the impact of TL towards LO. In addition, Intellectual Stimulation is revealed to be the most reflective dimension of TL. Those results imply that the ability to correctly identify the contribution of each dimension in the leadership system will determine the success rate of an organization to implement changes.


Keywords


Transformational Leadership; Learning Organization; Millennials; School; Idealized Influence; Inspirational Motivation; Intellectual Stimulation; Individual Consideration

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aşcı, H. B., Tan, F. Z., & Altıntaş, F. (2016). A strategic approach for learning organizations: Mental models. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 235 ( 2016 ) 2 – 11. https://doi.org/http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Baráth, T. (2015). Learning organization as a tool for better and more effective schools. Procedia Manufacturing, 3(Ahfe), 1494–1502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.330

Bartz, D., Thompson, K., & Rice, P. (2017). Enhancing the effectiveness of millennial teachers through principals using performance management. National Forum of Educational Administration and Supervision Journal, 35(4), 1–9. http://www.nationalforum.com/Electronic%20Journal%20Volumes/Bartz,%20David%20Enhancing%20the%20Effectiveness%20of%20Millennial%20Teachers%20NFEASJ%20V35%20N4%202017.pdf

Basham, L. M. (2012). Transformational leadership characteristics necessary for todays leaders In higher education. Journal of International Education Research (JIER), 8(4), 343–348. https://doi.org/10.19030/jier.v8i4.7280

Bass, B. M., Bruce J. Avolio, Jung, D. I., & Berson, Y. (2003). Predicting unit performance by assessing transformational and transactional leadership. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(2), 207–218. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.88.2.207

Canzittu, D. (2020). A framework to think school and career guidance in a VUCA world. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 0(0), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/03069885.2020.1825619

Chen, S. (2014). The effects of transformational leadership of principals on student academic achievement. California State University, California.

Churiyah, M., Sholikhan, S., Filianti, F., & Sakdiyyah, D. A. (2020). Indonesia education readiness conducting distance learning in covid-19 pandemic situation. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 7(6), 491. https://doi.org/10.18415/ijmmu.v7i6.1833

Daft, R. L. (2010). Organic versus mechanistic management processes. Organziation Theory and Design (pp. 153–155). South-Western, Cengage Learning. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Di Schiena, R., Letens, G., Van Aken, E., & Farris, J. (2013). Relationship between leadership and characteristics of learning organizations in deployed military units: An exploratory study. Administrative Sciences, 3(3), 143–165. https://doi.org/10.3390/admsci3030143

Dumdum, U. R., Lowe, K. B., & Avolio, B. J. (2013). A meta-analysis of transformational and transactional leadership correlates of effectiveness and satisfaction: an update and extension. Journal of Transformation and Charismatic Leadership, 2, 39–70. https://doi.org/10.1108/s1479-357120130000005008

Erdem, M., İlğan, A., & Uçar, H. İ. (2014). Relationship between learning organization and job satisfaction of primary school teachers. International Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 6(1), 8–20. https://doi.org/10.15345/iojes.2014.01.002

Gil, A. J., Carrrillo, F. J., & Fonseca-Pedrero, E. (2019). Assessing a learning organization model: A teacher’s perspective. Management in Education, 33(1), 21–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/0892020618783815

Gurr, D. (2015). A model of successful school leadership from thei nternational successful school principalship project. Societies, 5(1), 136–150. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc5010136

Hadar L., Ergas O., Alpert B., Ariav T. (2020). Rethinking teacher education in a VUCA world: student teachers' socio-emotional competencies during the covid-19 crisis. European Journal of Teacher Education (2020) 43(4) 573-586

Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2017). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). SAGE Publications.

Helmiatin. (2014). The implementation of transformational leadership and quality of worklife toward organizational citizenship behavior. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 5(5), 339–343. https://doi.org/10.7763/ijimt.2014.v5.537

Hurt, K. (2016). A theoretical model of training and its transference: The pivotal role of top management team composition and characteristics. Human Resource Development International, 19(1) 44-66. https://doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2015.1102007

Izham, M., Rahman, S., & Nordin, N. (2011). School as Learning Organisation: The Role of Principal’s Transformational Leadership in Promoting Teacher Engagement. World Applied Sciences Journal 14 (Special Issue of Innovation and Pedagogy for Diverse Learners), 58-63.

Jos Akkermans, A. H. de L. (2018). Transformational leadership in leading young innovators – a subordinate’s perspective. The Eletronic Library, 34(1), 1–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/EJIM-12-2014-0118

Kessler S, Nixon A, Nord W (2017). Examining Organic and Mechanistic Structures: Do We Know as Much as We Thought? International Journal of Management Reviews, 19(4), 531-555. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijmr.12109

Kools,M.andStoll L. (2016), “What makes a school a learning organisation?”, OECD Education Working Papers, 137. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jlwm62b3bvh-en

Kuron, L. K. J., Lyons, S. T., Schweitzer, L., & Ng, E. S. W. (2015). Millennials’ work values: Differences across the school to work transition. Personnel Review, 44(6), 991–1009. https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-01-2014-0024

Loria, Ke., & Lee, S. (2018). Which generation am I? Boomers, millennials, Gen X, Generation Z birth years - Business Insider. https://www.businessinsider.com/generation-you-are-in-by-birth-year-millennial-gen-x-baby-boomer-2018-3?r=US&IR=T

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. SAGE.

Mirkamali, S. M., Thani, F. N., & Alami, F. (2011). Examining the role of transformational leadership and job satisfaction in the organizational learning of an automotive manufacturing company. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 29, 139–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.11.218

Moore, T. (2014). The impact of psychological contract fulfillment on employee engagement in the millennial generation : The moderating effects of generational affiliation. https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/bus_admin_diss/42

Northouse, P. (2012). Leadership: Theory and practice (5th edition). Journal of Educational Administration 50(3), 380–383. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578231211232022

Saunders, M., Lewis, P., & Thornhill, A. (2015). Research Methods for Business Students 7th Edition. Pearson Education.

Örtenblad, A. (2018). What does “learning organization” mean? Learning Organization, 25(3), 150–158. https://doi.org/10.1108/TLO-02-2018-0016

Östlund, U., Kidd, L., Wengström, Y., & Rowa-Dewar, N. (2011). Combining qualitative and quantitative research within mixed method research designs: A methodological review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 48(3), 369–383. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.10.005

Ozlen, M. K., & Zukic, A. (2013). A descriptive study on the military leadership. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(7), 707–719. https://doi.org/10.6007/ijarbss/v3-i7/102

Phongsichomphu, W. (2013). Factors Affecting Learning Organization and Innovative Organization. https://journal.oas.psu.ac.th/index.php/asj/article/viewFile/175/117

Pui Teng, W., & Hassan, Z. (2015). The influence of transformational leadership in creating a learning organisation. International Journal of Accounting and Business Management, 4(2), 162–186. https://doi.org/10.24924/ijabm/2015.04/v3.iss1/162.186

Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Santoso, P. B., Wijayanti, L. M., Hyun, C. C., & Putri, R. S. (2020). Studi Eksploratif Dampak Pandemi COVID-19 Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran Online di Sekolah Dasar. Journal of Education, Psychology, and Counseling, 2, 1–12.

Shin, H. W., Picken, J. C., & Dess, G. G. (2017). Revisiting the learning organization: How to create it. Organizational Dynamics, 46(1), 46–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgdyn.2016.10.009

Thompson, K. S. (2016). Organizational learning support preferences of millennials. New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development, 28(4), 15–27. https://doi.org/10.1002/nha3.20158

Wang, P., & Lawler, J. J. (2018). Transformational leadership, organizational commitment, and job satisfaction: A comparative study of kenyan and U.S. financial firms. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 16(2), 235–256. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.1135

Wanasida, A. S., Bernarto, I., Sudibjo, N., & Pramono, R. (2021). Millennial transformational Leadership on organizational performance in Indonesia fishery startup. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 8(2), 555–562. https://doi.org/10.13106/jafeb.2021.vol8.no2.0555

Xu, L., Wubbena, Z., & Stewart, T. (2016). Measurement invariance of second-order factor model of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) across K-12 principal gender. Journal of Educational Administration, 54(6), 727–748. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEA-01-2015-0001

Yaşlıoğlu, M. M., Şap, Ö., & Toplu, D. (2014). An investigation of the characteristics of learning organizations in Turkish companies: scale validation. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 150, 726 – 734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.09.037



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jlo.72343

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1454 | views : 1180

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Leadership in Organizations

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Leadership in Organizations

Journal

Editorial Team
Focus and Scope
Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Screening for Plagiarism      

Authors

Author Guidelines
Submission Guidelines               
Online Submissions
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement   
Author Fees            

Download

Template                           

 

Reviewer

Reviewer Guidelines      
             

 

Reader

General Search
Achieves
Author index
Title index                       

 

 

Journal of Leadership in Organizations (JLO), with registered number ISSN 2656-8829 (Print) and ISSN 2656-8810 (Online), is published by the Center for Leadership Studies, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada. The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

© 2019 Journal of Leadership in Organizations