Edwin Rommel(1*), Amin Wibowo(2), Nurul Indarti(3), Ely Susanto(4)

(1) Doctoral Program in Management Science, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia; Regional Planning and Development Agency of Sungai Penuh City, Jambi Province, Indonesia.
(2) Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(3) Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(4) Department of Public Policy and Management, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Introduction/Main Objectives: This study aims to depict the scientific landscape for the innovation policy mix (IPM) from 2012 to 2019 since its re-conceptualization by Flanagan, Uyarra, and Laranja (2011).

Background Problems: The seminal work has broadened policy mix thinking with social issues impacting innovation. Since every organization is part of the innovation policy system, this study takes the first step to introduce IPM into management fields by identifying and discussing subsequent works in research trajectories.

Novelty: This study shows the remarkable progress toward a mature concept through IPM’s definition, characteristics, and boundaries. As a new string of interdisciplinary social science research, some opportunities and challenges are revealed, allowing future studies to be conducted in more theoretically sounding research traditions.

Research Methods: This study applies systematic literature network analysis (SLNA) relying on objective measures from keyword co-occurrences and co-citations networks. It includes 60 articles analyzed using open-source software, i.e., Publish or Perish, Google Scholar database, VOSviewer, and the web-based Local Citation Network.

Finding/Results: There are three clusters in the main path of research trajectories, i.e., IPM’s conceptualization, its characteristics for evaluation and measurement, and contextualization. Future research directions are proposed to advance our understanding of the organizational environment and its impact on innovation.

Conclusion: IPM studies have opened opportunities to test and extend theories in strategic management and organization studies, especially for leaders who make decisions in the face of dynamic and demanding environments. Moreover, contextualization in developing countries would be a worthwhile exercise by considering the institutional and cultural context.


bibliometric analysis; innovation policy mix; organizational environment; systematic literature network analysis

Full Text:



Bamel, U. K., Pandey, R., & Gupta, A. (2020). Safety climate: Systematic literature network analysis of 38 years (1980-2018) of research. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 135(March 2019), 105387.

Barney, J. B. (2005). Should strategic management research engage public policy debates? Academy of Management Journal, 48(6), 945–948.

Borrás, S., & Edquist, C. (2013). The Choice of Innovation Policy Instruments. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 80(8), 1513–1522.

Bouma, J. A., Verbraak, M., Dietz, F., & Brouwer, R. (2019). Policy Mix: Mess or Merit? Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy, 8(1), 32–47.

Bozeman, B. (2004). All Organizations are Public: Comparing Public and Private Organizations. Beard Books.

Bozeman, B., & Moulton, S. (2011). Integrative Publicness : A Framework for Public Management Strategy and Performance. 21(1977), 363–380.

Bryson, J. M., Edwards, L. H., & Van Slyke, D. M. (2017). Getting strategic about strategic planning research. Public Management Review, 00(00), 1–23.

Chen, C. C., Chen, X.-P., & Meindl, J. R. (1998). How can Cooperation be Fostered? The Cultural Effects of Individualism-Collectivism. Academy of Management Review, 23(2), 285–304.

Colicchia, C., & Strozzi, F. (2012). Supply chain risk management: a new methodology for a systematic literature review. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 17(4), 403–418.

Costantini, V., Crespi, F., & Palma, A. (2017). Characterizing The Policy Mix and Its Impact on Eco-Innovation: A Patent Analysis of Energy-Efficient Technologies. Research Policy, 46(4), 799–819.

Dess, G. G., & Beard, D. W. (1984). Dimensions of Organizational Task Environments. Administrative Science Quarterly, 29(1), 52.

DiMaggio, P. J., & Powell, W. W. (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review, 48(2), 147–160.

Dorobantu, S., Kaul, A., & Zelner, B. (2017). Nonmarket strategy research through the lens of new institutional economics: An integrative review and future directions. Strategic Management Journal, 38(1), 114–140.

Dunleavy, P., Margetts, H., Bastow, S., & Tinkler, J. (2006). New public management is dead - Long live digital-era governance. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 16(3), 467–494.

Edmondson, D. L., Kern, F., & Rogge, K. S. (2019). The co-evolution of policy mixes and socio-technical systems: Towards a conceptual framework of policy mix feedback in sustainability transitions. Research Policy, 48(10).

Flanagan, K., Uyarra, E., & Laranja, M. (2011). Reconceptualising the “Policy Mix” for Innovation. Research Policy, 40(5), 702–713.

Harzing, A.-W. (2007). Publish or Perish. Retrieved from

Harzing, A.-W., & Alakangas, S. (2017). Microsoft Academic is one year old: the Phoenix is ready to leave the nest. Scientometrics, 112(3), 1887–1894.

Harzing, A.-W., & Wal, R. van der. (2008). Google Scholar as a new source for citation analysis. Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, 8(1), 115–118.

Hekkert, M. P., Suurs, R. A. A., Negro, S. O., Kuhlmann, S., & Smits, R. E. H. M. (2007). Functions of Innovation Systems: A New Approach for Analysing Technological Change. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 74(4), 413–432.

Hermans, F., Geerling-Eiff, F., Potters, J., & Klerkx, L. (2019). Public-private partnerships as systemic agricultural innovation policy instruments – Assessing their contribution to innovation system function dynamics. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, Vol. 88, pp. 76–95. Elsevier.

Izsak, K., Markianidou, P., & Radošević, S. (2015). Convergence of National Innovation Policy Mixes in Europe - Has It Gone Too Far? An Analysis of Research and Innovation Policy Measures in the Period 2004-12. Journal of Common Market Studies, 53(4), 786–802.

Johnstone, P., Stirling, A., & Sovacool, B. (2017). Policy mixes for incumbency: Exploring the destructive recreation of renewable energy, shale gas ‘fracking,’ and nuclear power in the United Kingdom. Energy Research and Social Science, 33, 147–162.

Kern, F., Kivimaa, P., & Martiskainen, M. (2017). Policy packaging or policy patching? The development of complex energy efficiency policy mixes. Energy Research and Social Science, 23, 11–25.

Kern, F., Rogge, K. S., & Howlett, M. (2019). Policy mixes for sustainability transitions: New approaches and insights through bridging innovation and policy studies. Research Policy, pp. 1–15. Elsevier.

Kivimaa, P., & Kern, F. (2016). Creative Destruction or Mere Niche Support? Innovation Policy Mixes for Sustainability Transitions. Research Policy, 45(1), 205–217.

Klein, P. G., Mahoney, J. T., McGahan, A. M., & Pitelis, C. N. (2010). Toward A Theory of Public Entrepreneurship. European Management Review, 7(1), 1–15.

Lanahan, L., & Feldman, M. P. (2015). Multilevel Innovation Policy Mix: A Closer Look at State Policies that Augment The Federal SBIR Program. Research Policy, 44(7), 1387–1402.

Lindberg, M. B. (2019). The EU Emissions Trading System and Renewable Energy Policies: Friends or Foes in the European Policy Mix? Politics and Governance, 7(1), 105–123.

Linnenluecke, M. K., Marrone, M., & Singh, A. K. (2020). Conducting systematic literature reviews and bibliometric analyses. Australian Journal of Management, 45(2), 175–194.

Liu, Z. (2013). The research tax credit in the policy mix for innovation: the French case. Journal of Innovation Economics, Vol. 12, p. 199.

Lucio-Arias, D., & Leydesdorff, L. (2008). Main-path analysis and path-dependent transitions in HistCiteTM-based historiograms. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(12), 1948–1962.

Magro, E., Navarro, M., & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J. M. (2014). Coordination-mix: The hidden face of STI policy. Review of Policy Research, 31(5), 367–389.

Magro, E., & Wilson, J. R. (2013). Complex innovation policy systems: Towards an evaluation mix. Research Policy, 42(9), 1647–1656.

Mahzouni, A. (2015). The “Policy Mix” for Sustainable Urban Transition: The city district of Hammarby Sjöstad in Stockholm. Environmental Policy and Governance, 25(4), 288–302.

McGahan, A. M., Zelner, B. A., & Barney, J. B. (2013). Entrepreneurship in the Public Interest: Introduction to the Special Issue. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 7(1), 1–5.

Meissner, D., & Kergroach, S. (2019). Innovation policy mix: mapping and measurement. Journal of Technology Transfer.

Meynhardt, T., & Diefenbach. (2012). What Drives Entrepreneurial Orientation in The Public Sector? Evidence from Germany’s Federal Labor Agency. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 22(4), 761–792.

Miller, C. C. (2008). Decisional Comprehensiveness and Firm Performance: Towards a More Complete Understanding. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 21(5), 598–620.

Moore, M. H. (1995). Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Morse, J. M., Mitcham, C., Hupcey, J. E., & Tason, M. C. (1996). Criteria for Concept Evaluation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 24(2), 385–390.

Mundell, R. A. (1962). The Appropriate Use of Monetary and Fiscal Policy for Internal and External Stability. Staff Papers - International Monetary Fund, 9(1), 70.

Newell, S. J., & Goldsmith, R. E. (2001). The Development of a Scale to Measure Perceived Corporate Credibility. Journal of Business Research, 52(3), 235–247.

Oliver, C. (1991). Strategic Responses to Institutional Processes. Academy of Management Review, 16(1), 145–179.

Osborne, D. (1993). Reinventing Government. Public Productivity & Management Review, 16(4).

Osborne, S. P., Radnor, Z., & Nasi, G. (2013). A New Theory for Public Service Management? Toward a (Public) Service-Dominant Approach. American Review of Public Administration, 43(2), 135–158.

Ossenbrink, J., Finnsson, S., Bening, C. R., & Hoffmann, V. H. (2018). Delineating policy mixes: Contrasting top-down and bottom-up approaches to the case of energy-storage policy in California. Research Policy.

Page, S. B., Stone, M. M., Bryson, J. M., & Crosby, B. C. (2015). Public Value Creation by Cross-Sector Collaborations: A Framework and Challenges of Assessment. Public Administration, 93(3), 715–732.

Park, C., Lee, J., & Chung, C. (2015). Is “legitimized” policy always successful? Policy legitimacy and cultural policy in Korea. Policy Sciences, 48(3), 319–338.

Peng, M. W., Sun, S. L., Pinkham, B., & Chen, H. (2009). The Institution-Based View as a Third Leg for a Strategy Tripod. Academy of Management Perspectives, 23(3), 63–81.

Pfeffer, J. (2003). Introduction to the Classic Edition. In The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective (2nd ed., pp. xi–xxix). California: Stanford University Press.

Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. R. (1978). The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. New York: Harper and Row.

Reichardt, K., Negro, S. O., Rogge, K. S., & Hekkert, M. P. (2016). Analyzing interdependencies between policy mixes and technological innovation systems: The case of offshore wind in Germany. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 106, 11–21.

Reichardt, K., & Rogge, K. (2016). How the policy mix impacts innovation: Findings from company case studies on offshore wind in Germany. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 18, 62–81.

Rogge, K. S., & Dütschke, E. (2018). What makes them believe in the low-carbon energy transition? Exploring corporate perceptions of the credibility of climate policy mixes. Environmental Science and Policy, Vol. 87, pp. 74–84. Elsevier.

Rogge, K. S., Kern, F., & Howlett, M. (2017). Conceptual and empirical advances in analysing policy mixes for energy transitions. Energy Research and Social Science, Vol. 33, pp. 1–10. Elsevier.

Rogge, K. S., & Reichardt, K. (2016). Policy mixes for sustainability transitions: An extended concept and framework for analysis. Research Policy, 45(8), 1620–1635.

Rogge, K. S., & Schleich, J. (2018). Do Policy Mix Characteristics Matter for Low-Carbon Innovation? A Survey-Based Exploration of Renewable Power Generation Technologies in Germany. Research Policy, 47(9), 1639–1654.

Rosenow, J., Kern, F., & Rogge, K. (2017). The need for comprehensive and well targeted instrument mixes to stimulate energy transitions: The case of energy efficiency policy. Energy Research and Social Science, Vol. 33, pp. 95–104. Elsevier.

Samimi, M., Cortes, A. F., Anderson, M. H., & Herrmann, P. (2020). What is strategic leadership? Developing a framework for future research. Leadership Quarterly, (November), 101353.

Sørensen, E., & Torfing, J. (2017). Metagoverning Collaborative Innovation in Governance Networks. American Review of Public Administration, 47(7), 826–839.

Stoker, G. (2006). Public Value Management: A New Narrative for Networked Governance? The American Review of Public Administration, 36(1), 41–57.

Strozzi, F., Colicchia, C., Creazza, A., & Noè, C. (2017). Literature review on the ‘smart factory’ concept using bibliometric tools. International Journal of Production Research, 55(22), 1–20.

Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing Legitimacy: Strategic and Institutional Approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20(3), 571–610.

Uhl-Bien, M., & Arena, M. (2018). Leadership for organizational adaptability: A theoretical synthesis and integrative framework. Leadership Quarterly, 29(1), 89–104.

Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2007). VOS: A new method for visualizing similarities between objects. In Advances in data analysis: Proceedings of the 30th annual conference of the German Classification Society (pp. 299–306). Heidelberg: Springer.

Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84(2), 523–538.

Vitola, A. (2015). Innovation policy mix in a multi-level context: The case of the Baltic Sea Region countries. Science and Public Policy, 42(3), 401–414.

Wallner, J. (2008). Legitimacy and Public Policy: Seeing Beyond Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Performance. Policy Studies Journal, 36(3), 421–443.

Wiesel, F., & Modell, S. (2014). From New Public Management to New Public Governance? Hybridization and Implications for Public Sector Consumerism. Financial Accountability and Management, 30(2), 175–205.

Wölfle, T. (2018). Local Citation Network. Retrieved February 21, 2020, from


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1011 | views : 1084


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Leadership in Organizations

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Leadership in Organizations


Editorial Team
Focus and Scope
Peer Review Process
Publication Ethics
Screening for Plagiarism      


Author Guidelines
Submission Guidelines               
Online Submissions
Copyright Notice
Privacy Statement   
Author Fees            





Reviewer Guidelines      



General Search
Author index
Title index                       



Journal of Leadership in Organizations (JLO), with registered number ISSN 2656-8829 (Print) and ISSN 2656-8810 (Online), is published by the Center for Leadership Studies, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada. The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

© 2019 Journal of Leadership in Organizations