Analisis Ekonomi on Grid PLTS untuk Rumah 2200 VA

https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v1i2.61879

Brahmantya Aji Pramudita(1*), Bandiyah Sri Aprillia(2), Mohamad Ramdhani(3)

(1) Telkom University
(2) Telkom University
(3) Telkom University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract – Electricity is a fundamental need for the Indonesian people. The increasing population in Indonesia causes increasing electricity needs. Thus, the production of electrical energy needs to be increased to fulfill the electricity needs in Indonesia. However, it cannot be fulfilled by the state’s power plants. Therefore, the Indonesian government encourages renewable energy to maintain energy endurance and independence. Converting solar energy into electrical energy through photovoltaic (PV) is an alternative example to get renewable energy. The objective of this study is to analysis the economic factor of a solar energy power plant (PLTS) on-grid system on residential load type 2200VA with a different two load profile. The result of energy economics calculations for PLTS on-grid system based on Net Present Cost (NPC) and Break-Even Point (BEP) by comparing the result of houses before and after using the PLTS on-grid system. Based on the result of the experiment house is obtained a declining power by 21.89% than the compared house. Thus, NPC can decrease by 13.12%-15.31% with the range of electricity bills by Rp 23,060,260.00 – Rp 25,195,970.00. Meanwhile, the analysis results by looking at the capital return or BEP shows that the PLTS on-grid system of the experiment house is excellent than the compared house with BEP’s Simple Payback by 7.60 years and BEP’s Discounted Payback by 8.73 years.

Keywords : PLTS on-grid, residential load, Net Present Cost, Break Even Point

Intisari – Kebutuhan listrik adalah kebutuhan dasar masyarakat Indonesia. Peningkatan jumlah penduduk di Indonesia mengakibatkan kebutuhan listrik semakin meningkat. Sehingga, produksi energi listrik perlu ditingkatkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan listrik di Indonesia. Namun, kebutuhan listrik tidak dapat dipenuhi oleh pembangkit listrik yang dimiliki oleh negara. Oleh karena itu, energi terbarukan didorong oleh pemerintah untuk menjaga ketahanan dan kemandirian energi. Mengkonversi energi surya menjadi energi listrik melalui perangkat panel surya adalah salah satu contoh alternatif untuk mendapatkan energi terbarukan. Pada penelitian ini, bertujuan untuk menganalisis terkait faktor keekonomian sistem on grid pembangkit listrik tenaga surya pada beban rumah tangga tipe 2200VA dengan dua jenis profil beban yang berbeda. Hasil perhitungan faktor keekonomian energi untuk sistem on grid pembangkit listrik tenaga surya berdasarkan atas perhitungan Net Present Cost (NPC) dan Break Even Point (BEP) dengan cara membandingkan hasil dari rumah sebelum dan sesudah menggunakan sistem on grid PLTS. Berdasarkan hasil analisis pada rumah teliti diperoleh penurunan daya sebesar 21,89% dibandingkan dengan rumah banding. Sehingga, NPC dapat turun sebesar 13,12%-15,31% dengan rentang tagihan listrik sebesar Rp 23.060.260,00 – Rp 25.195.970,00. Sedangkan, hasil analisis dengan melihat kecepatan modal kembali atau BEP menunjukkan bahwa sistem on grid PLTS pada rumah teliti lebih unggul dibandingkan dengan rumah banding dengan hasil pada jenis BEP Simple Payback sebesar 7,60 tahun dan Discounted Payback sebesar 8,73 tahun.

Kata kunci : on grid PLTS, residential load, Net Present Cost, Break Even Point


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/juliet.v1i2.61879

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