Methionine Hydroxy Analog Supplementation to Increase Feed Utilization for Indigenous Sheep

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.57369

Bambang Waluyo Hadi Eko Prasetiyono(1*), Mulyono Mulyono(2), Widiyanto Widiyanto(3)

(1) Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University Undip Campus, Tembalang, Semarang
(2) Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University Undip Campus, Tembalang, Semarang
(3) Faculty of Animal and Agricultural Sciences, Diponegoro University Undip Campus, Tembalang, Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In the tropical area such as in Indonesia, ruminant productivity is relatively low due to, among others, the low quality of nutrition that leads to low-efficiency metabolism at the level of ruminal fermentation, post rumen digestibility, and intermediary metabolism. This study was conducted with the objective to analize effect of methionine hydroxyl analog (MHA) supplementation on ruminal fermentation profiles of Indigenous sheep specifically in the increase of ruminant productivity. In vitro utility test was conducted using rumen fluid of the indigenous sheep and sample of ration having a proportion of grass and concentrate of 30%:70%, on dry matter basis. The treatments were three levels of MHA supplementation; T0: 0%, T1: 3%, and T2: 6% of dry matter (DM) concentrate. Variables measured were dry matter digestibility (DMD), organic matter digestibility (OMD), production of VFA, NH3, as well as total protein, and molar proportion of partial VFA of rumen fluid. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) in a completely randomized design (CRD). The 6% MHA supplementation increased OMD with the highest production of total protein from 28.57 mg/g (T0) to 40.49 mg/g (T2) (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the lowest ratio of acetate : propionate was from 2.74 (T0) to 2.33 (T2) (P<0.05). It can be concluded that supplementation of MHA up to 6% in the concentrate increases the performance of Indigenous sheep ruminal fermentation and feed utility.

Keywords


methionine hydroxy analog, Indigenous sheep; ruminal fermentation; in vitro

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agle, M., Hristov, S., Zaman, A.N., Shcneider, C. (2010). Effect of dietary concentrate on rumen fermentation, digestibility, and nitrogen losses in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science. 93(9): 4211-4222. DOI: 10.3168/jds.2009-2977 Artegoitia,V.M., Foote,

A.P., Lewis, R.M., Freetly, H.C. (2017). Rumen Fluid metabolomics analysis associated with feed efficiency, on crossbred steers. Scientific Reports. 7(2864): 1-14. DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-02856-0

Aschenbach, J.R., Kristensen, N.B., Donkin, S.S., Hammon, H. (2010). Gluconeogenesis in dairy cows: The secret of making sweet milk from sour dough. International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Life. 62(12):869-77. DOI: 10.1002/iub.400

Clements, A.R. F. A. Ireland, T. Freitas, H. Tucker, and D. W. Shike. (2017). Effects of supplementing methionine hydroxy analog on beef cow performance, milk production, reproduction, and preweaning calf performance Journal of Animal Science,.95(12): 5597–5605, https://doi. org/10.2527/jas2017.1828

CoHort. (2019). Costat Statistics Shoftware. Brindleyplace, Brimingham. Doto SP, and Liu JX. (2011). Effect of directfed microbial and their combinations with yeast culture on in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics. J. Anim Feed Sci. 20(2):259271. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22358/ jafs/66183/2011.

El-Tahawy, A. S., A. Ismaeil, and H.A. Ahmed. (2015). Effects of Dietary MethionineSupplementation on the General Performance and Economic Value of Rahmani Lambs. J. Anim. Sci. Adv. 5(10): 1457-1466

Galyean, M.L. (1980). Laboratory Procedures in Animal Nutrition Research. Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock.

Gonzales, A.R.C., Barraza, M.B., Viveros, J.D., Martinez, A.C. (2013). Rumen microorganisms and rumen fermentation. Archivos de Medicina MartoinezVeterinaria. 46(3):349-361 · DOI: 10.4067/S0301732X2014000300003

Greening, C., Geier R., Wang, C., Woods, L.C. (2019). Diverse hydrogen production and consumption pathways influence methane production in ruminants. ISME Journal. 13(6): 1-13. DOI: 10.1038/s41396-0190464-2

Guerrero, V.R., Lizarazo, A.C.P. and Mendoza, G.D. (2018). Effect of herbal choline and rumen-protected methionine on lamb performance and blood metabolites. South

African Journal of Animal Science. 48(3): 427- 434. DOI:10.4314/sajas.v48i3.3

Harris, L.E. (1970). Nutrition Research Technique for Domestic and Wild Animals. Vol 1. Anim. Sci. Dept. Utah State Univ. Logan. Utah.

Hill, J,. Mcsweeney, C.S., Wright, A.D.G. and Hurley GJB. (2015). Measuring methane production from ruminants. Trends in Biotechnology. 34(1). https://doi. org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2015.10.004 Jayanegara, A., Ridla, M.,

Astuti, D.A., Wiryawan, K.G., Laconi, E.B. and Nahrowi. (2017). Determination of Energy and Protein Requirements of Sheep in Indonesia using a Meta-analytical Approach. Media Peternakan. 40(2):118-127. DOI: https:// doi.org/10.5398/medpet.2017.40.2.118.

Latham, C.M., Wagner, A.L. and Urschel, K.L. (2019). Effects of dietary amino acid supplementation on measures of wholebody and muscle protein metabolism in aged horses. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 103: 283–294. DOI: 10.1111/jpn.12992

Lee, J.K.W., Nio, A.O.X., Fun, D.C.Y, Teo, Y.S, Chia, E.V. and Lim L. (2012). Effects of heat acclimatization on work tolerance and thermoregulation in trained tropical natives. Journal of Thermal Biology. 37 (5): 366373. doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2012.01.008

Lee, M. (2018). Changes in the ruminal fermentation and bacterial community. AJAS. 32(1): 92-102.DOI: https://doi. org/10.5713/ajas.19.0323

Liu, H., Xu, T., Xu, S., Ma, L., Han, X., Wang, X., Zhang, X., Hu, L., Zhao, N., Chen, Y., Pi, L. and Zhao, X. (2019). Effect of dietary concentrate to forage ratio on growth performance, rumen fermentation and bacterial diversity of Tibetan sheep under barn feeding on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. Peer J.7:e7462; 1-22. DOI 10.7717/ peerj.7462

Mamuad, L.L., Lee, S.S. and Lee, SS. (2019). Recent insight and future techniques to enhance rumen fermentation in dairy goats. AJAS 2019; 32(8): 1321-1330. Special Issue. 32(8): 1321-1330.DOI: https://doi. org/10.5713/ajas.19.0323

Matthews, C., Crispie, F., Lewis, E., Reid, ,M., O’Toole , P.W. and Cotter PD. (2019). The rumen microbiome: a crucial consideration when optimizing milk and meat production and nitrogen utilization efficiency. Gut Microbes. 10(2): 115-132. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2018.1505176

Morgavi, D.P., Forano, E., Martin, C. and Newbold, C.J. (2010). Microbial ecosystem and methanogenesis in ruminants. Animal. 4(7): 1024-1036. DOI: 10.1017/ S1751731110000546

National Research Council. (2007). Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. Doi.org/10.17226/11654

Noftsger, S., St-Pierre, N.R. and Sylvester, J.T. (2005). Determination of rumen degradability and ruminal effects of three sources of methionine in lactating cows. J. Dairy Sci. 88:223-237.

Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dickey, D.A. (1996). Principles and Procedures of Statistic: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw-Hill College. Tilley, J.M.A. and R.A. Terry. (2006). A TwoStage Technique for the in vitro Digestion of Forage Crops. Grass and Forrage Science. 18(2): 104-111. DOI: 10.1111/j.13652494.1963.tb00335.x

Ungerfeld, E.M. (2015). Shifts in metabolic hydrogen sinks in the methanogenesisinhibited ruminal fermentation: a metaanalysis. Frontiers in Microbiology. 6(37): 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3389/ fmicb.2015.00037

White, D., Peters, M.S. and Home, P.Y. (2013). Global impacts from improved tropical forages: A meta-analysis revealing overlooked benefits and cost, evolving values and new priorities. Biology. 1: 12-24. DOI:10.17138/tgft

Widiyanto, Soejono, M., Bachruddin, Z., Hartadi, H. and Surahmanto. (2012). Inclusion of kapok seed oil in the diet for growing of thin-tailed sheep to reduce cholesterol and to improve omega-six fatty acid contents of lamb. J. Indonesian Trop. Anim. Agric. 37(3): 202-212



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.57369

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 303 | views : 288

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by

   CrossrefROADCOREDimensions  JournalTOCs   


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: jsv_fkh@ugm.ac.id

JJurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

free
web stats View My Stats