Kadar Senyawa Kimia Toksik dalam Darah Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus) Saat Musim Up-Welling di Danau Maninjau, Sumatera Barat

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.57363

Ade Dewi Maharani(1*), Silvi Susanti(2), Fachrul Reza(3)

(1) Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat
(2) Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat
(3) Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Maninjau lake is the largest center for the freshwater floating-net-cage fisheries system in West Sumatra. Every year, during the up-welling season, a huge number of fish suffered to death in the lake including nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), a common species cultivated in the floating-net cages. This current study aimed to determine the factors contributing to the death of fish by measuring the concentration of toxic chemical substances in the blood plasm of nile tilapia as well as in the subtrate collected from the bottom of the lake. The samples were collected in the sites with higher number of floating-net cages as well as higher number of mass death of fish (Tanjung Sani, Pakan Raba’a dan Maninjau) during the up-welling season. The result revealed that the levels of phosphate, nitrate, nitrit, and amonium were higher in the blood plasm of the fish (87, 216, 13.9, 0.6, dan 5.5 mg/l). Moreover, the levels of those chemical substances were also higher in the substrate of the lake (82.150, 0.546, 33.166, 23.954 dan 0.0776 mg/l). The higher concentration of the toxic chemical substances might contribute to the mass death of fish living in the floating-net cages during the up-welling season. 


Keywords


blood plasm; floating-net cages; lake substrate; nile tilapia; up-welling season

Full Text:

PDF


References

Asnil, Mudikdjo, K., Hardjoamidjojo, S., dan Ismail, A. (2013). Analysis of Lake Resources Sustainable Utilization Policy (Case Study of Maninjau Lake in West Sumatera). Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (3):1, 1-9.

Bagarinao, Teodora dan Vetter, Russel D. (1992). Sulfide-hemoglobin interactions in the sulfide-tolerant salt marsh resident, the California killifish Fundulus parvipinnis. Journal of Comparative Physiology B. 614624.

Effendi, H. (2000). Telaah Kualitas Air: Bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Evianti dan Sulaeman. (2009). Petunjuk Teknis Edisi ke-2 Analisis Kimia Tanah, Air dan Pupuk. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah. Fadil, M. S. (2011). Kajian Beberapa Aspek Fisika Kimia Air dan Aspek Fisiologis Ikan yang Ditemukan pada Aliran Buangan Pabrik Karet di Sungai Batang Arau. Padang: Universitas Andalas.

Fromm, Paul O., Gillette, Janet R. (1968). Effect of ambient ammonia on blood ammonia and nitrogen excretion of rainbow trout (salmo gairdneri). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 26(3). 887-896.

Larrson, A., Haux, dan Sjobeck, M. (1985). Fish Physiology and Metal Pollution. Result and Experience from Laboratory and Field Study. Ecotoxicol Environ. Saf. 9, 250-281.

Lehmusluoto, P., B. Machbub, N. Terangna, S. Rusmiputro, F. Achmad, L. Boer, S.S. Brahmana, B. Priadi, B. Setiadji, O. Sayuman dan A. Margana. (1997). Expedition Indodanau Technical Report. National inventory of the major lakes and reservoirs in Indonesia. Revised Edition: 71 pp.

Lumantobing, D. N. (2014). Four New Species of Rasbora of the sumatrana group (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Zootaxa 376 4(1): 10-25.

Maharani, A. D., Susanti, S., dan Reza, F. (2017). Studi Hematologi Darah Ikan Nila (Oreochormis niloticus) dalam Upaya Mengungkap Kematian Massal Ikan di Danau Maninjau. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi Edukasi 2017 (pp. 429435). Padang: Program Studi Biologi STKIP PGRI Sumatera Barat.

Mandia, S., Marusin, N., Santoso, P. (2013). Analisis Histologis Ginjal Ikan Asang (Osteochilus hasseltii ) di Danau Maninjau dan Singkarak, Sumatera Barat. J. Bio. UA. 2(3): 194-200.

Nasution, Z., Yesi, D., dan Hakim, M. H. (2011). Perikanan Budidaya di Danau Maninjau: Antisipasi Kebijakan Penanganan Dampak Kematian Massal Ikan. Jurnal Kebijakan Sosial Ekonomi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Ade Dewi Maharani, et. al.

(1)1: 19-30. Nomosatryo, S. dan Lukman. (2011). Ketersediaan Hara Di Perairan Danau Toba Sumatera Utara. Limnotek 18 (2), 20-29. Nontji, A. (2016). Danau Maninjau. www. limnologi.lipi.go.id. Diakses 9 Oktober 2017.

Noor, M. (2002). Bioeconomic of the Culture for Common Carp in Floating Net Cage in the Maninjau Lake West Sumatera. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan 7 (1), 21-31.

Peterson, M. S., Slack, W. T., dan Woodley, C. M. (2005). The Occurence of Non-Indigenous Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus (Linnaeus) in Coastal Mississippi, USA: Ties to Aquaculure and Thermal Influent. Wetlands (25): 1, 112-121.

Rasidi, Erlania, dan Prasetio, A. B. (2010). Evaluasi dan Status Perkembangan Usaha Budidaya Ikan dalam Keramba Jaring Apung di Danau Maninjau, Sumatera Barat. Media Akuakultur (5): 1, 51-56.

Rodehutscord, Markus. (1995). Response of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Growing from 50 to 200 g to Supplements of Dibasic Sodium Phosphate in a Semipurifled Diet1, 2, 3. American Institute of Nutrient. 324-331.

Roesma, D. I. (2013). Evaluasi Keanekaragaman Spesies Ikan Danau Maninjau. Semirata 2013 FMIPA Unila (pp. 197-204). Lampung: Universitas Lampung.

Saputra, H.M., Marusin, N., Santoso, P. (2013). Struktur Histologis Insang dan kadar Hemoglobin Ikan Asang (Osteochilus hasseltii C.V) di Danau Singkarak dan Maninjau, Sumatera Barat. J. Bio. UA. 2(2): 138-144

Sulastri, Dede, I. H., dan Ivana, Y. (2011). Environmental Conditon, Fish Resources and Management of Maninjau Lake of West Sumatera. Bogor: Research Centre for Limnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences. Syandri, H. (2016). Social Status of Nile Tilapia Hatchery Fish-farmers at Maninjau Lake Areas, Indonesia. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 411-417.

Syandri, H., Junaidi, dan Azrita. (2014). Loading and Distribution of Organik Materials in Maninjau Lake West Sumatera. Journal Aquatic Res Development, 5-7.

Wilkie, M. P. (2002). Ammonia Excretion and Urea Handling by Fish Gills: Present Understanding and Future Research Challenges. Exp. Zool. 293, 284-301.

Williams, Donna A., Flood, Mary H., Lewis, Debra A., Miller, Virginia M., dan Krause, William J. (2008). Plasma Levels of Nitrite and Nitrate in Early and Recent Classes of Fish: Comparative Medicine 58 (5), 431439.

Yusuf, Y., Zuki, Z., Lukman, U., dan Rahmi, F. (2011). Analisis Sedimen Sekitar Keramba Jaring Apung di Perairan Danau Maninjau Terhadap Kandungan Logam Berat Fe, Cu, Pb dan Cd. J. Ris. Kim. (5): 1, 94-100.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.57363

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 96 | views : 244

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by

    CrossrefROADCOREProduct DetailsDESKRIPSI GAMBAR


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: jsv_fkh@ugm.ac.id

HP. 0895363078367

Jurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

free
web stats View My Stats