Daya Ovisidal dan Larvisidal Infusa Daun Bambu Apus (Gigantochloa apus)Terhadap Haemonchus Contortus Secara in Vitro

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.38430

Budi Purwo Widiarso(1*), Wisnu Nurcahyo(2), Kurniasih Kurniasih(3), Joko Prastowo(4)

(1) Sekolah Tinggi Penyuluhan Pertanian (STPP) Magelang
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Gastrointestinal Nematodes are one among cause decrease production efificiency in goat and sheep in Indonesia, especially parasite of abomasum namely Haemonchus contortus. This parasite causes disease of Haemonchosis causing anemia, and causes mortality to young goat or sheep. Loss of economics caused by high morbidity and  mortality this parasite so that can improve the expense of prevention and medication of this disease. This research aim was to evaluate ovicidal and larvicidal apus bamboo leaf infusion (Gigantochloa apus) against Haemonchus contortus by in vitro. Examination of apus bamboo leaves infusion to seven concentrations namely : 1.2; 1.0; 0.8,; 0.6; 0.4; 0.2;0.1; 0.05 and 0 mg / ml as negative control. Positive control uses Albendazole with concentration 0,025 mg / ml. The highest concentration 1.2 mg / ml apus bamboo leaves infusion   inhibited 92.35% egg hatching ( LC 0.49 mg / ml ) and have larvicidal activity equal to 90% ( LC50 0,47mg / ml). The concentration 1.2 mg / ml also have similar effect with positive control which use Albendazole. Phytochemical apus  bamboo leaf analysis of the highest concentration revealed the presence  tanin condensed, saponins, and alkaloids.


Keywords


Ovisidal; Larvisidal; Daun bambu apus; Haemonchus contortus; in vitro

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.38430

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