Ancaman Masuknya Virus Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku Melalui Daging Ilegal di Entikong, Perbatasan Darat Indonesia dan Malaysia

Risma JP Silitonga(1*), Retno Damajanti Soejoedono(2), Hadri Latif(3), Etih Sudarnika(4)

(1) Badan Karantina Pertanian Jakarta
(2) Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
(3) Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
(4) Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Veteriner, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
(*) Corresponding Author


This study was aimed to analyze the risk of FMD virus to enter Indonesia by the presence of illegal meat at Entikong, a borderland between Indonesia and Malaysia. The primary datas were collected using questionnaires method to collect expertise, in-depth interviews, and direct field observations. Secondary datas were obtained from scientific publications and articles or unpublished datas (statistics, goverment documents and reports). The respondents were choosen by purposive sampling. The circulating illegal meat was possibly originate from
different countries, including FMD-endemic countries/zones such as Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, India and even unidentified countries/zones according to our respondends. The types of illegal meat such as frozen deglanded bonein-meat and frozen deglanded offal that enter Entikong carry the risk of becoming a source of FMD infection. Based on the entry route, delivery frequency, and meat volume, ilegal meat was possibly also entered into Indonesia using non-vehicular transportation. These conditions indicated that the entrance of illegal meat could pose risk of the FMD virus entry to Indonesia, especially at the borderland between Indonesia and Malaysia at Entikong. It is highly recommended to apply strict inspection at the border entraces and increase collaboration with related institutions to prevent the entrance of illegal meat and to reduce the entry risk of FMD virus.


border; Entikong; FMD; illegal meat


Departemen Pertanian Republik Indonesia. (2004) Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 16 Tahun 1992 tentang Karantina Hewan, Ikan dan Tumbuhan. Jakarta (ID): Deptan.

Direktorat Kesehatan Hewan, Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan, Departemen Pertanian. (2009) Kesiagaan Darurat Veteriner Indonesia. Seri: Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku (Kiat Vetindo PMK).

Edisi 2.2. Jakarta (ID): Ditkeswan.

Harada ,Y, Lekcharoensuk P, Furuta T, and Taniguchi T. (2015) Inactivation of foot-and-mouth disease virus by commercially available disinfectants and cleaners. Biocon. Sci. 20(3):205-208.

Hartnett, E., Adkin A, Seaman, M., Cooper J., Watson E, Coburn H, England T, Marooney C, Anthony C, and Wooldridge M. (2007)

A quantitative assessment of the risk from illegally imported meat contaminated with foot and mouth disease virus to Great Britain. Risk.Analysis. 27(1):187-202. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2006.00869.x.

Office International des Epizooties. (2015) World Animal Health Information Database (WAHIS Interface). [internet]. [diacu 2015 Oktober 15]. Tersedia dari : php/Countryinformation/Countrytimelines.Paris

(FR): World Organization for Animal Health.

Paton D.J, Sinclair M, and Rodriguez R. (2010)

Qualitative assessment of the commodity

risk for spread of foot-and-mouth disease

associated with international trade in deboned

beef. Transbound. Emerg. Dis.57:115–134.

Rushton J, and Knight-Jones T.J.D. (2013) The impact of foot-mouth-disease. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz. 1:1-27.

Rweyemamu M, Roeder P, Mackay D, Sumption

K, Brownlie J, Leforban Y, and Valarcher

J.F. (2008) Epidemiological patterns of footand-

mouth disease worldwide. Transbound.

Emerg. Dis. 55:57–72.

Ryan E.D, Mackay D, and Donaldson A. (2008) Foot-and-mouth disease virus concentrations in products of animal origin. Transbound. Emerg. Dis. 55:89-98.

Sistem Karantina Hewan. (2015) Badan Karantina Pertanian. [internet]. [diacu 2015 Nopember 6]. Tersedia dari : Jakarta (ID).

Valarcher J.F, Leforban Y, Rweyemamu M, Roeder P.L,

Gerbier G, Mackay D.K, Sumption K.J, Paton

D.J, and Knowles N.J. (2008) Incursions of footand-

mouth disease virus into Europe between

and 2006. Transbound. Emerg. Dis. 55:14–


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 21


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861


HP. 0895363078367

Jurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web stats View My Stats