Daya Ovicidal Ekstrak Kulit Buah Muda (Calotropis procera) terhadap Haemonchus contortus secara in vitro

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.17891

I Gusti Komang Oka Wirawan(1*), Wisnu Nurcahyo(2), Joko Prastowo(3), Kurniasih .(4)

(1) Program Studi Kesehatan Hewan, Politeknik Pertanian Negeri Kupang, Nusa Tenggara Timur
(2) Departemen Parasitologi, Fakultas kedokteran Hewan, UGM
(3) Departemen Parasitologi, Fakultas kedokteran Hewan, UGM
(4) Departemen Patologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, UGM
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui konsentrasi efektif ekstrak kulit buah muda Calotropis procera (C. procera) dalam menghambat perkembangan telur cacing Haemonchus contortus secara in-vitro. dari 0,2g/ml sediaan larutan ekstrak stok, albendazole konsentrasi 0,055%. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Konsentrasi efektif ekstrak kulit buah muda C. procera (EKBMCP) dalam menghambat perkembangan daya tetas telur cacing Haemonchus contortus secara
in-vitro adalah perlakuan EKBMCP konsentrasi 4,5% dengan daya hambat 88% sedangkan  perlakuan EKBMCP konsentrasi 2,5% dan 3,5% daya hambatnya secara berturut-turut adalah 70,5% dan 81%.

Keywords


Ovicidal, Calotropis procera, Haemonchus contortus

Full Text:

PDF


References

Daftar Pustaka

Alemu, Z., Kechero, Y., Kebede, A., dan

Mohammed, A. 2014. Comparison of the In

vitro Inhibitory Effects of Doses of Tannin Rich

Plant Extracts and Ivermectin on Egg

Hatchability, Larvae Development and Adult

Mortality of Haemonchus contortus. Acta

Parasitologica Globalis 5 (3): 160-168. ISSN

-2018.

Bekele, M., Gessesse, T., Kechero, Y., dan Abera, M.

In-vitro Anthelmintic Activity of

Condesend Tannin from Rhus glutinosa,

Syzygium guineensa and Albizia gummifera

Against Sheep Haemonhus contortus. Global

Veterinaria, 6 (5): 476-484. ISSN 1992-6197.

I Gusti Komang Oka Wirawan et al.

Britto, A.J.D., dan Gracelin, D.H.S. 2011. Screening

Of A Few Flowers For Their Phytochemical

Constituents. Life Sciences Leaflets 20:866-

ISSN 0976 – 1098.

Hathaway, H., dan Herlevich, J.C. 2011. A

Histochemical Study of Egg Shell Formation in

the Monogenetic Trematode Octomacrum

lanceatum. Department of Biology, The

Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado

The Helminthological Society of

Washington.

Jain, P., Hossain, K.R., dan Mishu, T.R. 2014.

Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of

Spondias pinnata Kurz. Leaves. European

Journal of Medicinal Plants, 4(2): 183-195.

Matheos, H., Runtuwene, M.R.J., dan Sudewi, S.

Aktivitas Antioksidan Dari Ekstrak Daun

Kayu Bulan (Pisonia alba). Pharmacon Jurnal

Ilmiah Farmasi – UNSRAT Vol. 3 No. 3. ISSN

– 2493.

McLeod, R.S. 2004. The economic impact of worm

infections in small ruminants in Southeast Asia,

India and Australia in: Worm Control for Small

Ruminants in Tropical Asia. ACIAR

Monograph 113: 23-33.

Min, B.R., dan Hart, S.P. 2003. Tannins for

suppression of internal parasites. J. Anim. Sci.

(E. Suppl. 2): E102–E109.

Molan, A-L., dan Faraj, A.M. 2010. The effects of

condensed tannins extracted from different

plant species on egg hatching and larval

development of Teladorsagia circumcincta

(Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae). Folia

Parasitolo gica 57(1): 62–68, 2010. ISSN

-6465 (online).

Rogers, W.P., dan Brooks, F. 1977: The mechanism

of hatching of egg of Haemonchus contortus.

Int. J. Parasitol. 7: 61–65.

Saunders, L.M., Tompkins, D.M., dan Hudson, P.J.

The role of oxygen availability in the

embryonation of Heterakis gallinarum eggs.

International Journal for Parasitology 30

(2000): 1481-1485.

Suweta, I.G.P. 1989. Review on important

helminthic diseases in animal in Indonesia.

Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan 17 (2) : 34-43.

Tiwow, D., Bodhi, W., dan Kojong, N.S. 2013. Uji

Efek Antelmintik Ekstrak Etanol Biji Pinang

(Areca Catechu) Terhadap Cacing Ascaris

Lumbricoides Dan Ascaridia Galli Secara In

Vitro. PHARMACON Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi –

UNSRAT Vol. 2 No. 02. ISSN 2302 – 2493.

Waller, P.J., dan Chandrawathani, P. 2005.

Haemonchus contortus: Parasite problem No.

from Tropics - Polar Circle. Problems and

prospects for control based on epidemiology.

Tropical Biomedicine 22(2): 131–137.

Zaman, M.A., Iqbal, Z., Khan, M.N. dan

Muhammad, G. 2012. Anthelmintic Activity of

a Herbal Formulation Against Gastrointestinal

Nematodes of Sheep. Research Article. Pak Vet

J, 32(1): 117-121.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsv.17891

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 751 | views : 612

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Sain Veteriner

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Sain Veteriner Indexed by

    CrossrefROADCOREDimensions  JournalTOCs   


Copyright of JSV (Jurnal Sain Veteriner) ISSN 0126-0421 (print), ISSN 2407-3733 (online).

Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Jl. Fauna No.2, Karangmalang, Yogyakarta

Phone: 0274-560862

Fax: 0274-560861

Email: jsv_fkh@ugm.ac.id

Jurnal Sain Veteriner is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

free
web stats View My Stats