ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Voters (Dis)-Believing Digital Political Disinformation in Gubernatorial Election of DKI Jakarta 2016-2017
Gilang Desti Parahita
10.22146/jsp.33736

Abstract

Some studies, with regards to the salience of digital disinformation, have focused on investigating the tendency to believe disinformation by looking at a single cluster of factors. This study reveals factors ranging from multiple clusters, such as socioeconomic status, political partisanship, diversity of media exposure, trust in media, and digital fluency of the voters.  Gubernatorial Election of DKI Jakarta during 2016-2017 provided a context for examining the correlation between these factors with (dis)-believing digital political disinformation among the voters. In the election, the incumbent governor, Basuki Tjahja Purnama, was falsely accused as a communist, which is still a dirty word in Indonesia, by his opponent. A survey was conducted for this research in which a number of completed questionnaires were collected from 191 citizens of DKI Jakarta who had voting rights and accessed online and digital disinformation. The null hypothesis was that socioeconomic, political partisanship, diversity of media exposures, trust in media and digital fluency did not influence the perceptions towards digital political information. However, the regression analysis found that the null hypothesis was rejected. Of those predictors, political partisanship was the one with the highest rate of significant correlation.