Assessing the Papuan Government’s Policy for Tackling the Spread of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.56157

Johni R. V. Korwa(1*), Diego R. De Fretes(2), Meyland S. F. Wambrauw(3), Jackson Yumame(4), Christine O. I. Sanggenafa(5), Reni Shintasari(6), Ferinandus L. Snanfi(7)

(1) International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(2) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(3) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(4) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(5) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(6) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(7) Faculty of Social and Political Science, Cenderawasih University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper aims to assess the Papuan government’s policy for preventing the spread of COVID-19 through the shutdown of travel to the region based on the Papua joint statement. Excluding the transportation of goods, Papua was the first province in Indonesia to restrict entry into the region by both sea and air travel. To analyse the Papuan government’s policy, Edwards’ theory of policy implementation was adopted. Using first-hand interviews, observations, and library research, this paper argues that the government of Papua has made the right decision to close its borders, despite challenges, as part of a strict policy to protect the region from COVID-19. It is also worth noting that although five regions selected for this study (Jayapura City, Mimika, Biak Numfor, Merauke and Yapen Regency) reflected variations between one another in policy implementation, they all had expressed how the local government in Papua was doing the best they could to eradicate COVID-19. The use of theoretical frameworks (communication, resources, dispositions, and bureaucratic structures) as part of policy implementation had also been effective, despite that some parts need to be improved. The results of this study include recommendations for effective coordination among policymakers, the availability of laboratory testing, adoption of evidence-based policies and improving the health system in Papua.


Keywords


Covid-19; Indonesia; Papua government; policy

Full Text:

PDF


References

560 Orang Jalani Rapid Test, 145 dinyatakan Positif. (2020, April 28). Timika Express. Retrieved from https://timikaexpress. com/2020/04/28/560-orang-jalani-rapid- test-145-dinyatakan-positif/

Adhi, I. S. (2020, April 8). Mengenal OTG, Orang Tanpa Gejala yang Bisa Sebarkan V irus Corona. Kompas . Retriev ed from https:// health.kompas.com/ read/2020/04/08/140100168/mengenal- o tg-o rang-tanpa-gej ala-y ang-bis a- sebarkan-virus-corona?page=all

Aditra, I. P. (2020, March 22). Satu Pasien Covid-19 di Merauke adalah Tenaga Kesehatan. Kompas . Retrieved from https://regional.kompas.com/ read/2020/03/22/20520011/satu-pasien- positif-covid-19-di-merauke-adalah- tenaga-kesehatan

Aktivitas Masyarakat Dibatasi, Jalan Utama Lengang. (2020). Cepos Online. Retrieved from http://cenderawasihpos.co.id/ aktivitas-masyarakat-dibatasi-jalan- utama-lengang/

Almuttaqi, A. I. (2020). Kekacauan Respons terhadap COVID-19 di Indonesia. THC Insights, 1(13), 1–7.

Apresian, S. R. (2020). Responding To the Covid-19 Outbreak in Indonesia: Lessons From European Countries and South Korea. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 0(0), 53–57. doi: https://doi. org/10.26593/jihi.v0i0.3868.53-57

Bappeda: Dana Otsus Tahap Pertama Diestimasi Cair Bulan Ini. (2020). Pemerintah Provinsi Papua. Retrieved from https://www. papua.go.id/view-detail-berita-7149/ bappeda-dana-otsus-tahap-pertama- diestimasi-cair-bulan-ini.html

Bernie, M. (2020, March 26). Betapa Tidak Siap Papua Hadapi Corona COVID-19. Tirto. Retrieved from https://tirto.id/betapa-tidak- siap-papua-hadapi-corona-covid-19-eH2S

BPS (2020). Provinsi Papua Dalam Angka. Retrieved from https://papua. bps.go.id/publication/2020/02/28/ d5512728647d2e6a1fa963c0/provinsi- papua-dalam-angka-2020--penyediaan- data-untuk-perencanaan-pembangunan. html

Cegah COVID-19, Lima Pedagang Sayur Keliling di Kota Jayapura Akan Jalani Tes Swab. (2020, May 2). Lintas Papua. Retrieved from http://lintaspapua. com/2020/05/02/cegah-covid-19-lima- ped agang-s ayur-keliling-d i-kota- jayapura-akan-jalani-tes-swab/

Cory, W.M., Bambang, S., & Alfi, H. (2017). Policy Implementation of International Undergraduate Program in Indonesia’s Higher Education System: A study at Faculty of Economics and Business University of Brawijaya. Russian Journal o f Agri c ul tura l a nd S o c i o -E c o no m i c Sciences, 6(66), 199-204. doi: https://doi. org/10.18551/rjoas.2017-06.23

Costa, F. (2020, April 14). Dua Dokter Positif Covid-19, IDI Papua Tuntut Penyediaan APD yang Memadai. Kompas. Retrieved from https: //kompas.id/baca/nusantara/2020/04/14/idi-papua-tuntut-penyediaan-apd-yang-memadai/

Ducharme, J. (2020, March 11). World Health Or gan izzation Declare s COVID-19 a ‘Pandemic. ’Here’s What That Means. TIME. Retrieved from https://time.com/5791661/ who-coronavirus-pandemic-declaration/

Dye, T. R. (1978). Understanding Public Policy. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall.

Dzulfaroh, A. N. (2020, March 29). Daftar Wilayah di Indonesia yang Terapkan “Local Lockdown.” Kompas. Retrieved from https://www.kompas.com/tren/ read/ 2020/ 03/ 29/ 083900665/ daftar- wilayah-di-indonesia-yang-terapkan- local-lockdown-?page=all

Edwards, G. C. (1980). Implementing Public Policy. Washington DC: Conggresional Quarterly Press. Retrieved from https://papua. bps.go.id/publication/2020/02/28/ d5512728647d2e6a1fa963c0/provinsi- papua-dalam-angka-2020--penyediaan- data-untuk-perencanaan-pembangunan. html

Cegah COVID-19, Lima Pedagang Sayur Keliling di Kota Jayapura Akan Jalani Tes Swab. (2020, May 2). Lintas Papua. Retrieved from http://lintaspapua. com/2020/05/02/cegah-covid-19-lima- ped agang-s ayur-keliling-d i-kota- jayapura-akan-jalani-tes-swab/

Cory, W.M., Bambang, S., & Alfi, H. (2017). Policy Implementation of International Undergraduate Program in Indonesia’s Higher Education System: A study at Faculty of Economics and Business University of Brawijaya. Russian Journal o f Agri c ul tura l a nd S o c i o -E c o no m i c Sciences, 6(66), 199-204. doi: https://doi. org/10.18551/rjoas.2017-06.23

Costa, F. (2020, April 14). Dua Dokter Positif Covid-19, IDI Papua Tuntut Penyediaan APD yang Memadai. Kompas. Retrieved from https: //kompas.id /baca/nusantara/2020/04/14/idi-papua-tuntut-penyediaan-apd-yang-memadai/

Ducharme, J. (2020, March 11). World Health Or gan izzation Declares COVID-19 a ‘Pandemic.’ Here’s What That Means. TIME. Retrieved from https://time.com/5791661/ who-coronavirus-pandemic-declaration/

Dye, T. R. (1978). Understanding Public Policy. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall.

Dzulfaroh, A. N. (2020, March 29). Daftar Wilayah di Indonesia yang Terapkan “Local Lockdown.” Kompas. Retrieved from https://www.kompas.com/tren/ read/ 2020/ 03/ 29/ 083900665/ daftar- wilayah-di-indonesia-yang-terapkan-local-lockdown-?page=all

Edwards, G. C. (1980). Implementing Public Policy. Washington DC: Conggresional Quarterly Press.

Edwards III, G.C., & Sharkansky, I. (1978). The Policy Predicament. San Fransisco: W.H.Freeman.

Enos, O. (2020). How the Chinese Government Undermined the Chinese People’s Attempts to Prevent and Respond to COVID-19. Backgrounder, Asian StudyCenter, No. 3483, 1-17.

Gorbiano, M. I. (2020, March 02). BREAKING: Jokowi announces Indonesia’s first two confirmed COVID-19 cases. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/02/breaking-jokowi-announces-indonesiasfirst-two-confirmed-covid-19-cases.html

Harus Sentuh Kelas Bawah. (2020, March 31). Koran Fajar Indonesia. Retrieved from https://fin.co.id/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/EPaper-Koran-FajarIndonesia-Network-Edisi-31-Maret-2020.pdf

Hua, J., & Shaw, R. (2020). Corona virus (Covid-19) “infodemic” and emerging issues through a data lens: The case of china. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7). doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/IJERPH17072309

Jangan Datang ke Papua dalam 14 Hari. (2020, March 26). Suara Papua. Retrieved from https://suarapapua.com/2020/03/26/video-jangan-datang-ke-papua-dalam14-hari/

Jatmiko, B. P. (2020, April 3). Freeport Indonesia Hentikan Penerbangan Penumpang ke Timika. Kompas. Retrieved from https://money.kompas.com/read/2020/04/03/154658926/freeportindonesia-hentikan-penerbanganpenumpang-ke-timika

Kesepakatan Bersama Pencegahan, Pengendalian, dan Penanggulangan COVID-19 di Provinsi Papua. (2020). Hasil Kesepakatan Bersama (dokumen).

Korwa, J. R. V. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19) and Papua 1 : Putting People First. Canberra, ACT: Dept. of Pacific Affairs, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University. https:// doi.org/10.25911/5ec659100053b

Krisnajaya, I. M., Suripto, S., Dewi, N. P., Sulistiyani, A. T., & Laksana, L. U. A. (2019). The Political Process of Bureaucratic Reform: Wonosobo Regional Government Experience from 2011-2015. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik, 23(2), 135-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.42589

Laboratory Testing Strategy Recommendations for COVID-19. (2020, March 21). WHO. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/ publications-detail/laboratory-testing- strategy-recommendations-for-covid-19- interim-guidance

Li Wenliang: Coronavirus kills Chinese whistleblower doctor. (2020, February 07). BBC News. Retrieved from https://www. bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51403795

Laporan Perekonomian Provinsi Papua Februari 2020. (2020). Bank Indonesia, 5(4). Retrieved from https://www.bi.go.id/id/publikasi/ kajian-ekonomi-regional/papua/Pages/ Laporan-Perekonomian-Provinsi-Papua- Periode-Februari-2020.aspx

Martha, J. (2020). Pemanfaatan Diplomasi Publik Oleh Indonesia Dalam Krisis Covid-19. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 121–130. doi: https://doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v0i0.3859.121-130

Marume, S. B. M., Jubenkanda, R. R., Namusi, C. W., & Madziyire, N. C. (2016). The Concept of Public Policy Analysis. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 18(4), 52–58. doi: https://doi. org/10.9790/487X-1804055258

Mawel, B., & Mambor, V. (2020, March 25). Papua restricts entry as concerns mount over lack of facilities to treat COVID-19. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/03/25/papua-restricts-entry-as-concerns-mount-over-lack-of-facilities-to-treat-covid-19.html

Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. London: SAGE.

Morfi, C. W., Junaidi, A., Elsesmita., Asrini, D.N., Pangest, F., Lestari, D. M., Medison, I., Russilawati., Fauzar., Kurniati, R., & Yani, F. F. (2020). Kajian Terkini CoronaVirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Indonesia, 1(1), 1–8. doi: https:// doi.org/10.25077/jikesi.v1i1.13

Muhsidin. (2020, April 23). Pemkab Jayapura siapkan 1.000 rapid test untuk warga eks pasar lama Sentani. Antara Papua. Retrieved from https://papua.antaranews. com/berita/544280/pemkab-jayapura- siapkan-1000-rapid-test-untuk-warga- eks-pasar-lama-sentani

Mukaromah, V. F. (2020, March 14). Daftar 5 RS Rujukan Corona di Provinsi Papua dan Papua Barat. Kompas. Retrieved from https://www.kompas.com/tren/ read/2020/03/14/210000365/daftar-5-rs- rujukan-corona-di-provinsi-papua-dan- papua-barat?page=all

Nakamura, R.T., & Smallwood, F. (1980). The Politics of Policy Implementation. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Nugraheny, D. E. (2020, March 25). Mendagri Tak Setuju Pemprov Papua Tutup Wilayah ak ib at Covid-19. Kompas. Ret rieved from https://nasional.kompas.com/ read/2020/03/25/07591621/mendagri-tak- setuju-pemprov-papua-tutup-wilayah- akibat-covid-19

Oni, E. O. (2016). Public Policy Analysis (Chapter 15). In Fundamentals of Politics and Governance. Concept Publications Ltd.

Pakpahan, A. K. (2020). Covid-19 Dan Implikasi Bagi Usaha Mikro, Kecil, Dan Menengah. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional, 59–64. doi: https://doi.org/10.26593/jihi.v0i0.3870.59-64

Penutupan Penerbangan dan Pelayaran Khusus Penumpang Masuk Wilayah Papua. (2020, March 24). Surat Gubernur Papua.

Pemkab Biak Pesan 2 Unit PCR Test. (2020b). Cepos Online. Retrieved from https://www.ceposonline.com/2020/05/01/pemkab- biak-pesan-2-unit-pcr-test/

Purnamasari, D. M. (2020, March 15). Jokowi: Saatnya Kerja dari Rumah, Belajar dari Rumah, Ibadah di Rumah. Kompas . Retrieved from https://nasional.kompas. com/read/2020/03/15/14232961/jokowi- saatnya-kerja-dari-rumah-belajar-dari- rumah-ibadah-di-rumah

Sarjono, A. H., & Sulistiadi, W. (2018). Analysis of Policy Implementation for The Improvement Capability of Internal Government Supervisory Apparatus (APIP) at Inspectorate General of Ministry of Health. Journal of Indonesian Health Policy and Administration, 3(1), 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.7454/ihpa.v3i1.2104

Supar, E. (2020). Bupati Omaleng: Sumber COVID-19 di Mimika dari Cluster Lembang dan Jakarta. Antara Papua. https://papua. antaranews.com/berita/537918/bupati- omaleng-sumber-covid-19-di-mimika- dari-cluster-lembang-dan-jakarta

Telaumbanua, D. (2020). Urgensi Pembentukan Aturan Terkait Pencegahan Covid-19 di Indonesia. QALAMUNA: Jurnal Pendidikan, Sosial, Dan Agama, 12(01),59–70. doi: https://doi.org/10.37680/qalamuna.v12i01.290

Update Corona 23 Maret: 579 Kasus, 49 Meninggal, 30 Sembuh. (2020, March 23). CNN Indonesia. Retrieved from ht t ps:/ / www.cnnindonesia.com/ nasional/20200323142245-20-486068/ update-corona-23-maret-579-kasus-49- meninggal-30-sembuh

Widaningrum, A., & Mas’udi, W. (2020). Dinamika Respons Pemerintah Nasional: Krisis Kebijakan Penanganan COVID-19. In Tata Kelola Penanganan COVID-19 di Indonesia: Kajian awal (pp. 46-63). Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Xioaming, L. (2020, April 28). China has valuable lessons for the world in how to fight Covid-19. Financial Tiimes. Retrieved from https:// www.ft.com/content/ad61f0ea-8887-11ea-a109-483c62d17528

Yang, H., Bin, P., & He, A. J. (2020). Opinions from the epicenter: an online survey of university students in Wuhan amidst the COVID-19 outbreak. Journal of Chinese Governance, 5(2), 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/23812346.2020.1745411

Zhu, J. (2020). Is it ethical to be a ‘whistleblower’ during COVID-19 pandemic? Ethical challenges confronted by health care workers in China. Journal of Advanced Nursing, March, 1873–1875. doi: https:// doi.org/10.1111/jan.14376

Zulkifli. (2020, May 7). Akibat Wabah Corona, Perekonomian Papua Triwulan I Minus 6,77 Persen. Pasific Pos. Retrieved from https:// www.pasificpos.com/akibat-wabah- corona-perekonomian-papua-triwulan- i-minus-677-persen/



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.56157

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 925 | views : 683

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

  Information:

     1. JSP has published Upcoming Issues for Volume 24 No 2, November 2020

   

    

    

 

 

  View My Stats