Optimising Community-Based Forest Management Policy In Indonesia: A Critical Review

https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.10906

Lucas Rumboko(1*), Digby Race(2), Allan Curtis(3)

(1) Center for Climate Change and Forest Policy Research and Development (FORDA)
(2) Charles Sturt University
(3) Charles Sturt University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Community-based forest management (CBFM) is a popular concept in many countries, covering over 400 million hectares worldwide. In Indonesia, CBFM is viewed as an important component of the forestry sector with the government’s goal to establish 5.6 million hectares of CBFM by 2011 (twice the area of industrial plantation forests). The Indonesian government is pursuing CBFM as a strategy to reduce deforestation of tropical forests, to alleviate poverty in rural communities, and to contribute timber supplies to the processing industry.

There has been a belief that CBFM can lead to a physical and socio-economic transformation at the local level. However, in practice, especially in Indonesia, this claim appears problematic because in over 35 years since it has been officially introduced it does not appear to have contributed significantly to address the problems of deforestation and rural poverty.

Despite the government’s ambitious goal for CBFM, there are several challenges, for instance the entrenched poverty of many rural communities and inconsistent and unsupportive policies of CBFM at the national, provincial, and local government. This paper is intended to explore, discusses, and criticize the implementation of CBFM policies in various countries and in particular in Indonesia. This paper also aims to explore its challenges in the future development in Indonesia.

Keywords


community-based forest management; poverty; participation; forest policy; CBFM; kemiskinan; partisipasi; kebijakan kehutanan

Full Text:

PDF



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jsp.10906

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 515 | views : 537

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik



  Information:

     Call for Paper 2019

    Read

    

    



  View My Stats