Paradigma Historis Backpacking Travel Sebagai Perjalanan Wisata

Pitaya Pitaya(1*), Muhammad Baiquni(2), Marsono Marsono(3), Nopirin Nopirin(4)

(1) Diploma Kepariwisataan, Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Geografi Pembangunan, Fakultas Geografi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Sastra Nusantara, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Nowadays backpacking travel is the most popular travelling style which famous to the youth traveller. According to the history, the travelling style can be tracked from the nomadic tribes in all corner of the world for their moving habit for run their life. Through the ages, the nomad who carries backpack at their back to bring necessities adopted by soldiers, explorers, and many kinds of travellers, until transformed to the modern free independent tourist (FIT) ; backpacker, flash packer to the present techno packer. The backpackers itself always become an interesting object for the scholars and the tourism experts. Their travelling style colorized every great journey that men ever made.  This paper aim is to seek and identify the existence of backpackers and their travelling style throughout historical paradigm. The methods using in this research is both literatures studies and field observatory to the iconic backpacking travels sites in the history. The results show that the backpackers and backpacking travel consists of unique characteristics who determine their travelling style that different among the common tourist or even the group inclusive tour (GIT). The backpackers travels much longer, more far, they travel some time to the off beaten tracks, they always made interaction with the local community, and their journeys inspired others. No wonder if in the future backpacking travel will contributes so many influences to the tourism world.


Historical Paradigm, Backpacker, Backpacking Travel

Full Text:



Barnes, I. (2008) Mapping History Ancient World, Cartographica Books, London UK.

Berger, E.A., Paris, C.M. (2013) Exploring the Influence of Facebook on Backpacker’s Social Experience in Hostels, Review of Tourism research Vol. 10 No. 5/6, 2013.

Bleach, S. and Schofield, B. (2004) Time to Go Backpacking in Style, 31 October The Times Online.

Bradt, H. (1995) Better to Travel Cheapy?, The Independent on Sunday Magazine, 12 February, 49-50.

Brooks, Philips., Will Fowler & Simon Adams (Ed) (2009). The Illustrated History Encyclopedia, Hermes House, London UK.

Canning, J. (Ed) (2003). 50 Great Journeys, Bounty Books, London UK.

Clifford, J. (1997) Routes: Travel and Translation in The Late Twentieth Century, Harvard University Press, Massachusets, USA.

Cochrane, J. (2005) The Backpacker Plus: Overlooked and Underrated, Paper read at the ATLAS Expert meeting, Bangkok, September.

Cottrell, S. (2001) A Dutch International Development Approach: Sustainable Tourism.

Cohen, E. (1973) Nomads from Affluence: Notes on the Phenomenon of Drifter Tourism, International Journal of Comparative Sociology.

Cresswell, T. (2006) On The Move : Mobility in The Modern western World, Routledge, London UK.

Deleuze, G. And Guattari, F. (1988) A Thousand Plateaus, The Athlone Press, London UK.

Gilroy, P. (1993) The Black Atlantic : Modernity and Double Consciousness, Verso, London UK.

Government of Australia (1995) National Backpacker Tourism Strategy, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia.

Johnson, P. (2004), A History of The American People, Phoenix Press, London UK.

Hampton, M.P. (1998) Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development, Annals of Tourism Research 25 (3) 639-660)

Hampton, M., Hamzah, A. (2010) The Changing Geographies of Backpacker Tourism in South East Asia, University of Kent, UK.

Hannam, K. And Ateljevic, I. (Eds) (2007) Backpacker Tourism, Clevedon.

Hannam, K. and Ateljevic, I (2008) Backpacker Tourism: Concepts and Profiles, Tourism Cultural Change, Channel View Publications, Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto, Canada.

Howard, R.W. (2007) Five Backpacker Tourist Enclaves, International Journal of Tourism research 9 (2) 73-86.

Loker-Murphy, L., and Pearce, P. (1995) Young Budget Traveller: Backpackers in Australia, Annals of Tourism Research 22 (4) 819-843.

Majstorovic, V., Stankov, U., Stojanov, S. (2013) The Presence of Backpacking in Europe, Turizam Vol. 17 Issue 4.

Murphy, L. (2000) All Backpackers are not alike! Segmenting the backpacker Market Based on Differences in Travel Motivation, Tourism Discussion Paper, February, Cairns: James Cook University, Australia.

Vaals, F.V. (2013) The Future of Backpacking: A Scenario Approach to the backpacking Behavior, European Tourism Report 7, European Tourism Futures Institute, Netherlands.

Pearce, P. (1990) The Backpacker Phenomenon: Preliminary Answers to Basic Questions, Townsville: Department of Tourism, James Cook University, Australia.

Reichel, A., Fuchs, G.and Uriely, N. (2009) Israeli Backpackers: The Role of Destination Choice, Annals of Tourism research, 36 (2) 222-246.

Richards, G., Wilson, J. (2004) The Global Nomad: Backpacker Travel in Theory and Practice, Tourism and Cultural Change, Channel View Publications, Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto, Canada.

Riley, P. (1988) Road Culture of International Long-Term Budget Travellers, Annals of Tourism Research 15: 313-328.

Rodaway, P. (1994) Sensuous Geographies : Body, Sense and Place, Routledge, London UK.

Rogerson, C. (2007) The Challenges of Developing Bcakpacker Tourism in South Africa: an Enterprise Perspective, Development South Africa 24 (3) 425-443.

Sheller, M. And Urry, J. (2004) Tourism Mobilities : Places To Play, Places in Play, Routledge, London UK.

Sicroff, S., Alos, E., and Shrestha, R. (2003) Independent Backpacker Tourism: Key to Sustainable Development in Remote Mountain Destination, Pages 527-543 in J. Xu and S. Mikesell, Eds. Landscape of Diversity: Indigenous Knowledge, Sustainabele Livelihoods, and Resource Governance in Montane mainland Southeast asia. Proceedings of The III Symposium on MMSEA, Science and Technology Press, Lijiang, China.

The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia, Kingfisher, London UK, 2012

Teo, P. and Leong, S. (2006) A Postcolonial Analysis of Backpacking, Annals of Tourism research 33 (1) 109-131.

UNWTO Annual Report 2013

Visser, G. (2004) The Development Impacts of Backpacker Tourism in South Africa, Geo Journal 60: 283-299.

Vogt, J. (1976) Wandering: Youth and Travel Behavior, Annals of Tourism research 4 (2) 74-105)

Welk, P. (2004) The Beaten Track: Anti-Tourism as an element of Backpacker identity Construction. The Global Nomad: backpacker Travel in Theory and practice, Tourism and Cultural Change, Channel View Publications, Bristol, Buffalo, Toronto, Canada.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3706 | views : 5606


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Pitaya Pitaya, Muhammad Baiquni, Marsono Marsono, Nopirin Nopirin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pariwisata Terapan is published by Sekolah Vokasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia with registered number ISSN 2580-1031 (Print) and ISSN 2580-104x (Online). This website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribute-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Built on the Public Knowledge Project's OJS

hit counter View My Stats =======