Dualitas Peran Pembangunan Korporasi: CSR dalam Kerangka Kebijakan PROPER dan Lanskap Sosial Pemanfaat Program

https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v9i1.73793

Muhamad Arifin(1*)

(1) Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Studi ini bertujuan mengeksplorasi sudut pandang sosiologis gagasan Giddens
tentang dualitas struktur untuk mengkaji CSR korporasi (Corporate Social
Responsibility) dan komunitas pemanfaat dibawah kebijakan pemerintah Proper.
Studi terdahulu tentang CSR menunjukkan sebuah dikotomi antara struktur dan
agensi yang meninggalkan sebuah kehampaan pada praktik CSR dalam konteks
pembangunan. Oleh karena itu, studi ini berfokus pada relasi antara kebijakan
Proper dianggap sebagai struktur dan komunitas pemanfaat CSR melalui berbagai
bentuk agensi yang belum banyak mengemuka. Unit analisis terdiri dari sebuah
korporasi di sektor hilir industri migas dan komunitas pemanfaat program CSR
yang berlokasi di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Studi ini menerapkan pendekatan
kualitatif yaitu observasi, wawancara terstruktur, dan wawancara mendalam.
Informan kunci yang terlibat yakni petugas senior bidang CSR, petugas
pemberdayaan komunitas, elit aktor komunitas, dan kelompok komunitas
pemanfaat program CSR. Hasil studi ini menekankan peran signifikan para elit
lokal komunitas dalam menentukan keberlanjutan program CSR. Sebagai
kesimpulan, analisis dualitas struktur Giddens mampu menggambarkan proses
dinamis dalam relasi yang saling mempengaruhi antara peran korporasi dan
komunitas pada praktik CSR dalam kerangka kebijakan Proper. Sejumlah aspek
berdampak sangat konstruktif. Namun, terdapat aspek lainnya yang belum
mengarah pada keberlanjutan program CSR korporasi.


Keywords


Kebijakan Proper; CSR; Komunitas Pemanfaat; Relasi Struktur-Agensi

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v9i1.73793

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