Analisis Jaringan 3-Dimensi Untuk Penentuan Rute Evakuasi di Gedung Bertingkat

Taufik Hery Purwanto(1*)

(1) Penginderaan Jauh dan Sistem Informasi Geografi, Departemen Teknologi Kebumian, Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Accessibility of evacuation routes in the multi-storey building is an important thing to notice. The number of floors and rooms in multi-storey buildings which are too many often makes the building users have difficulty, especially for users who do not know the ins and outs of the building well. Not only the difficulty in finding evacuation routes to exit the building quickly in emergency times, but also to find a certain room during normal times. Nowadays, the Network Analysis capabilities in Geographic Information System (GIS) have become more reliable, even able to accommodate 3 Dimensional aspect (3D) which is often known as 3D Network Analysis. Therefore, this research intends to apply 3D Network Analysis for developing the navigation and evacuation management system in the KLMB (Klinik Lingkungan dan Mitigasi Bencana) Building Faculty of Geography UGM which has 6 floors. Generally, the implementation of this research can be divided into 4 main stages, namely Data Collection Stage, 3D Network Dataset Preparation Stage, 3D Network Analysis Implementation Stage, and Test & Evaluation Stage. Through application of the 3D Network Analysis, this research successfully obtained a navigation and evacuation management system in the ArcScene (ArcGIS) software environment which is quite effective and easy to use to help navigation and determination of the fastest evacuation route in the KLMB building. This system can also be used to help the evacuation simulation as a form of disaster mitigation in the KLMB Building.


3D Network Analysis; Geographic Information System (GIS); Evacuation Route

Full Text:



Republik Indonesia. (2007). UU Nomor 4 Tahun 2007 tentang Penanggulangan Bencana.

Republik Indonesia. (2008). PP Nomor 21 Tahun 2008 tentang Penyelenggaraan Penanggulangan Bencana.

Cichociński, P. dan Dębińska, E. (2016). Application of 3d Network Analysis for Development of Evacuation Plans and Procedures for Multi-Storey Building. Perugia : Geographic Information Systems Conference and Exhibition “GIS ODYSSEY 2016” : 63 – 69.

ESRI. (2005). The ArcGIS Network Weight Model. workweights.html. Diakses pada tanggal 27 Februari 2017 pukul 8.54 WIB.

ESRI. (2012). ArcGIS 10.1 Help. ESRI. Marti, R.M,. (2013). UJI Spatial Network. Spain : University Jaume I of Castellón.

Media Project. (2013). Jalur Evakuasi pada Proyek Konstruksi. Diakses pada tanggal 25 Februari 2017 pukul 11.35 WIB.

Tsiliakou, E. dan Dimopoulou, E. (2016). 3D Network Analysis for Indoor Space Applications. Athens : The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, Volume XLII-2/W2 : 147 – 154.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3180 | views : 7369


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Nasional Teknologi Terapan (JNTT)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Nasional Teknologi Terapan Indexed by:


AnalyticsView My Stats