AUDIT OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN AIR CONDITIONING AND LIGHTING EFFORTS ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SURAKARTA ISLAMIC HOSPITAL



diah roosita roosita(1*)

(1) MMR
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The hospital has a high level of dependency on energy requirements in carrying out operational activities. The tendency of increasing energy costs and the entry into force of the National Health Insurance Program since January 1st, 2014, bringing the consequences of the need for reforms in terms of efficiency. Implementation of energy efficiency are still many obstacles encountered due to costly and has not performed an energy audit. Energy audit is one way to determine whether the intensity level of energy consumption in the category of wasteful or inefficient. By using energy more efficiently can reduce operating costs so that hospitals become more productive and competitive.

In this study, energy conservation is focused on the use of air conditioning and lights because it is still possible to do control the use, not to use energy-saving technologies, not including the category of vital equipment.

Objective: To evaluate the use of air conditioning energy and lights in Surakarta Islamic Hospital.

Methods: This study used a descriptive case study research design using problem solving. The instrument of this research is in-depth interview guide and observation guide.

Results and Discussion: The need for operational electrical energy supplied from PLN as the primary source. There is one panel, the power factor is less than standard. Energy Consumption Intensity values in Surakarta Islamic Hospital is 12.3 kWh/m²/month, Standard Operating Procedures and policies governing energy management is not complete and has not been completely understood, the communication between the parts has not been going well, the pattern of air conditioning treatments is less done well, schedule treatment has been carried out but with limited human resources and incomplete document control card. Logistics division can  work optimally.

Conclusions and Recommendations: Energy Consumption Intensity is 12.3 kWh/m²/month, relatively efficient, can be optimized by replacing to Inverter AC and replacing the lamps into LED lights. Energy efficiency targets will be implemented if supported by policies and Standard Operating Procedures, the availability of human resources, trained staff, prevention efforts with preventive maintenance.

 

Keywords: Hospital, Energy Consumption Intensity, Inverter AC, LED, energy efficiency

 






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