The Effects of Withdrawal Stop Duration in the Directional Solidification of Al-7 wt% Si Alloy on Solidification Parameters, Microstructure, and Microhardness

Seab Piseth(1*), Dedy Masnur(2)

(1) Department of Industrial and Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Technology of Cambodia, Russian Federation Boulevard P.O. BOX 86 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
(2) Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Riau, Kampus Bina Widya km 12.5 Simpang Baru, Pekanbaru 28293, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The effects of withdrawal stop duration in the directional solidification of Al-7 wt% Si alloy on solidification parameters, microstructure, and microhardness were investigated. Directional solidification experiments were carried out in five stopping durations: 0 s, 20 s, 30 s, 40 s, and 50 s. Some solidification parameters such as growth rate and temperature gradient were calculated in the stopping region 15 mm from the bottom of the sample. Microstructure parameters such as primary and secondary dendrite arm spacings were defined on both longitudinal and transverse sections in the stopping region, whereas microhardness properties were tested on the longitudinal section in this region. With the rise in the withdrawal stop duration from 0 s to 50 s, the growth rate decreased slightly from 1.26 to 0.84 mm/s, while the temperature gradient remained at 1.71 ˚C/mm. Furthermore, the microstructure of α-Al dendrites became coarser, and their shapes changed from thin to irregular plates. Primary and secondary dendrite arm spacings increased from 106.4 to 205.7 µm and 19.4 to 38.1 µm, respectively, when the stopping duration was increased. In addition, the hardness decreased from 54.0 to 49.9 HV.


Aluminum alloys, Dendrite growth, Directional solidification, Withdrawal

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