Istianah Ramadani(1*)

(1) School of Government and Public Policy Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Indonesia is a country with the largest Muslim population in the world, with Java having   the biggest number of Muslim scholars (ulamas), in Indonesia. Nonetheless, it is unfortunate that participation of Indonesian ulamas in international da’wa or sermon is very limited. One of the obstacles Ulamas face in proselytizing in foreign countries is the weak English language proficiency. English is today has become the most freqeuntly used international language in the 21st century, making it a lingua franca, and a valuable means of international communication. This articles assesses a program that involved the collaboration between West Java provincial  government  and  the British Council Indonesia to provide English training for Ulamas in  West Java. The program was tailored toward  enhancing English proficiency of Ulamas, which in turn was expected to their ability to participate in proselytization activities and dialogues  abroad.  The  objective of this  research was to assess the evolution of the program to become the policy of West Java provincial governor, as well as the conduct, progress and performance of the program.   Motivation to learn and the leanrning community were some of the key factors that influnced the performance of the  English for Ulama program.However, limited time and budget were some of the key obstacles  that contrained program performance. Conclusions were used to draw several policy recommendations.



partnership; policy evaluation; public policy process

Full Text:



Ahmadi, M.R. (2018). The Use of Technology in English Language Learning: A Literature Review. International Journal of Research in English Education. Retrieved from http://ijreeonline.com/article-1-120-en.pdf Araral, E. et. Al. (2013). Handbook of Public Policy. Abingdon: Routledge. Beech, Hannah and Suhartono, Muktita. (2019). Faith Politics on the Rise as Indonesian Islam Takes a Hard-Line Path. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/15/world/asia/indonesia-election-islam.html Borrás, Susana. (2013). The choice of innovation policy instruments. Retrieved from http://www.circle.lu.se/publications Bovens, Mark et.al. (2006). The Politics of Policy Evaluation. Moran, Michael, et al (Ed). The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy (pp.319-335). New York: Oxford University Press. British Council. (2013). The English Effect. Retrieved from https://www.britishcouncil.org/sites/default/files/english-effect-report-v2.pdf Burgess, Simon. (2016). Human Capital and Education: The State of the Art in the Economics of Education. Retrieved from http://ftp.iza.org/dp9885.pdf Cobb, Roger W. and Elder, Charles D. (1972). Participation in American Politics: The Dynamics of Agenda-Building. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. DeHoog, Ruth. (2015). Collaborations and Partnerships Across Sectors: Preparing the Next Generation for Governance. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 21, (3), pp. 401-416. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/24615516 Dold, Claudia and Hanson, Ardis. (2017). Moving from counting to programmatic evaluation: A look at best practices. Retrieved from: http://www.ala.org/ acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/conferences/confsandpreconfs/2017/MovingfromCountingtoProgrammaticEvaluation.pdf Dunlop, Claire. (2013). Epistemic communities. Araral, Eduardo, et al (Ed). Routledge Handbook of Public Policy (pp.229-243). New York: Routledge. Dunlop, Claire. (2017) The irony of Epistemic Learning: Epistemic communities, policy learning and the case of Europe’s Hormones Saga, policy and society. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14494035.2017.1322260 Dunn, William N. (2014). Public Policy Analysis (5th Ed.) Essex: Pearson Education Limited. Dye, T. R. (2013). Understanding public policy (14th Ed.). Boston: Pearson Education Inc. Floress, Kristin, et.al. (2011). It's who you know: Social Capital, Social Networks, and Watershed Groups. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net /publication/232833974_It's_Who_You_Know_Social_Capital_Social_Networks_and_Watershed_Groups Gazley, Beth. et.al. (2013). Achieving the Partnership Principle in Experiential Learning: The Nonprofit Perspective. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 19 (3), pp. 559-579. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/23608971 Goggin, M. L, et.al. (1990). Implementation Theory and Practice: Toward a Third Generation. Illinois: Scott Foresman/Little Brown Higher Education. Green-Pedersen, Christoffer and Walgrave, Stefaan. (Ed). (2014). Agenda Setting, Policies, and Political Systems: A Comparative Approach. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Green-Pedersen, Christoffer and Mortensen, Peter. (2013). Policy Agenda-setting Studies: Attention, Politics and the Public. Araral, Eduardo, et al (Ed). Routledge Handbook of Public Policy (pp.167-174). New York: Routledge. Greeve, Carsten. (2013). Collaborative Partnerships: A Case Study of the Executive Master of Public Governance Program in Copenhagen, Denmark. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 19(2), pp. 285-307. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/23608951 Groves, Lincoln H. (2015). Three Essays on U.S. Social Policy’s Impact on the Human Capital Development of Young Adults At-Risk of Poverty. (Dissertations - ALL. Paper 271). Retrieved from http://surface.syr.edu/etd Gultom, Effendy. (2016). Assessment And Evaluation In EFL Teaching And Learning. Proceedings of the Fourth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching (ISELT-4) (pp.190-198) Retrieved from http://ejournal.unp.ac.id/index.php/selt/issue/view/753/showToc Guyadeen, Dave and Seasons, Mark. (2016). Evaluation theory and practice: comparing program evaluation and evaluation in planning. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0739456X16675930 Hammerness, Karen, et.al. (2017). What Does It Take To Sustain A Productive Partnership In Education?. The Phi Delta Kappan, 99(1), pp. 15-20. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/26388305 Hartman, Laura, et.al. (2014). Educating Next Generation Leaders: Lessons for Emerging Economies from John Dewey. Schools: Studies in Education, Vol. 11(2), pp. 219-262. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/ 678218 Hefner, Robert W. (2016). Indonesia, Islam, and the New U.S. Administration. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 14(2), pp. 59-66. DOI: 10.1080/15570274.2016.1184444 Hill, Michael, and Varone, Frederic. (2017). The Public Policy Process (7th Ed.). New York: Routledge. Howlett, Michael and Giest, Sarah. (2013). The Policy-making Process. Araral, Eduardo, et al (Ed). Routledge Handbook of Public Policy (pp. 17-28). New York: Routledge. Howlett, Michael. (2014). From the 'Old' to the 'New' Policy Design: Design Thinking Beyond Markets And Collaborative Governance. Policy Sciences, 47(3), pp. 187-207. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/44113965 Howlett, Michael, et al. (2009). Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policy Subsystems (3rd Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Hurlbert, M. and Gupta, J. (2015). The Split Ladder of Participation: A Diagnostic, Strategic, and Evaluation Tool to Assess When Participation is Necessary. Environmental Science and Policy. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2015.01.011 Kerwin, Cornelius M. (1999). Rulemaking: How Government Agencies Write Law and Make Policy. Washington DC: Congressional Quarterly Press. Luetjens, Joannah, et.al. (2019). On studying policy successes in Australia and New Zealand. Successful Public Policy. Lessons from Australia and New Zealand. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctvh4zj6k.8 Majone, Giandomenico. (2006). Agenda Setting. Moran, Michael et al. (Ed). The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy (pp.228-250). New York: Oxford University Press. McConnel, Allan. (2010). Policy Success, Policy Failure and Grey Areas In-Between. Journal of Public Policy, 30(3), pp. 345-362. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/40925891 Moran, Michael, et.al. (2006). The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy. New York: Oxford University Press. Pal, Leslie A. (2014). Beyond Policy Analysis: Public Issue Management in Turbulent Times. Nelson. Perna, Laura W, et.al (2014). Insights and Implication for State Policy-Makers. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 655, pp. 209-230. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/24541757 Rinkus, Marisa A, et.al (2015). Collaboration as Process: A Case Study of Michigan's Watershed Permit. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/287123063_Collaboration_as_process_A_case_study_of_Michigan's_watershed_permit Rochefort, David A and Donnelly, K.P (2012). Foreign remedies: What the Experience of Other Nations Can Tell Us about Next Steps in Reforming U.S. Health Care. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281665857_Foreign_remedies_What_the_experience_of_other_nations_can_tell_us_about_next_steps_in_reforming_US_health_careDOI: 10.4324/9780203123591 Schwandt, T. A. (2003). Three Epistemological Stances for Qualitative Inquiry: Interpretivism, Hermeneutics, and Social Constructionism. In N. K. Denzin, & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The Landscape of Qualitative Research (2nd ed.), pp. 292-331). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Schmidt, Sophie. (2013). Comparative Approaches to the Study of Public Policy-making. Araral, Eduardo, et al (Ed). Routledge Handbook of Public Policy (pp. 29-43). New York: Routledge. Schneider, Anne. (2013). Policy Design and Transfer. Araral, Eduardo, et al (Ed). Routledge Handbook of Pubic Policy (pp. 217-228). New York: Routledge. Schneider, Anne, and Helen Ingram. (1993). Social Construction of Target Populations: Implications for Politics and Policy. American Political Science Review, 87(2), pp 334– 347. Schwandt, T. A. (2015). The SAGE Dictionary of Qualitative Inquiry (4th Ed.) California: Sage Publications, Inc. Siudek, Tomasz and Zawojska, Aldona. (2014). Competitiveness in the Economic Concepts, Theories, and Empirical Research. Oeconomia, 13(1), pp. 91–108. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/329152680_COMPETITIVENESS_IN_THE_ECONOMIC_CONCEPTS_THEORIES_AND_EMPIRICAL_RESEARCH Smith, Kevin B. and Larimer, Christopher W. (2016). The Public Policy Theory Primer (3rd Ed.). New York: Routledge. Sullivan, Brenda. (2012). Inter-Organizational Relationships of Health Partnerships: Characteristics of Fulton County Sparc Program. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration, 35(1), pp. 44-70. Retrieved from: https://www.jstor.org/stable/41710241 Vedung, Evert. (2017). Public Policy and Program Evaluation. New York: Routledge. Wasino, Wasino. (2018). Parent Engagement Policy in Indonesia: Case Study of the Public Policy Secondary School in Magelang, Central Java. The Journal of Social Studies Education in Asia, 7, pp. 97-110. W.K. Kellogg. Foundation evaluation handbook. (1998). Retrieved from: https://cyc.brandeis.edu/pdfs/reports/EvaluationHandbook.pdf Wu, Chen-Yu and Knoke, David. (2013). Policy network models. In Araral, E. Fritzen, S., Howlett, M. Ramesh, M., and Wu, X., Routledge Handbook of Public Policy, pp.153. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Young, Candice. (2010). Public Policy and Administration. In Ishiyama, John T., and Breuning, Marijke (Eds.) 21st Century Political Science: A Reference Handbook. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Zhao, Y. (2013). Recent Developments in Technology and Language Learning: Literature Review and Meta-analysis. CALICO Journal, 21(1), pp. 7-27. Retrieved from: https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ674877 Adisudarman, Sonny S. (2019). "English for West Java," Tingkatkan kapabilitas bahasa Inggris ulamas dan guru di Jawa Barat. Retrieved from http://humas.jabarprov.go.id/english-for-west-java-tingkatkan-kapabilitas-bahasa-inggris-ulamas-dan-guru-di-jawa-barat/1494

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.54192

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 862 | views : 868


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik) ISSN 0852-9213 (print), ISSN 2477-4693 (online)


Jl. Prof. Dr. Sardjito, Sekip, Yogyakarta, 55281,
Phone: 0274-563825
Fax: 0274-589655
Email: igpa@ugm.ac.id