Petabencana.id in Flood Disaster Management: An Innovation in Collaborative Governance-based Early Warning System in Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.53167

Hisyam Yusril Hidayat(1*)

(1) Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Administrative Sciences, Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The flood disaster has become one of the most damaging hydro-meteorological disasters which recorded a loss of Rp30 trillion in Indonesia. The flood disaster early warning system is one of the most important parts of the disaster management process which can reduce the possibility of losses that can occur. The mandate of the existing regulation emphasizes that in the disaster early warning system it needs to involve various parties from public and nonpublic actors collaboratively. The manifestation of the mandate is Petabencana.id which was initiated by the Yayasan Peta Bencana and involved elements of government, universities, mass media, donor agencies, nonprofit organizations, and the community. This study analyzed the collaborative process of public and nonpublic actors through collaborative governance frameworks. This study included descriptive qualitative research with post-positivist paradigm and uses in-depth interview methods and directed content approach. Based on the findings, it is illustrated that the process of collaboration has been formed between the public and nonpublic actors. In terms of collaboration process, there is lack of transparency in Petabencana.id management especially in finance issue. The findings also revealed that the socialization process of Petabencana.id in community and educational entities still in effective and the roles of government role can be enforced. However, there is lack of role from the private sector which can contribute to make Petabencana.id better. This study still has limitation include the amount of informant of various elements from university, mass media, and community, in this study just use directed content approach to describe the perspectives of them in terms of collaboration process.

 


Keywords


Collaborative Governance, Early Warning System, Petabencana.id.

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References

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Saptawan, A., & Yustian, I. (2019). Actor Networking in Forest Fires Mitigation, Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), 23(2), 92–108. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.43707

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Widyanarko, P. A. (2018). The use of social media and open data in promoting civic co-management: Case of Jakarta. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 158(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/158/1/012049

Abubakar, A., Prasojo, E., & Jannah, L. M. (2017). Collaborative Governance in Eradicating Corruption in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities. 167(2011), 95–101. https://doi.org/10.2991/icaspgs-icbap-17.2017.21

Ansell, C., & Gash, A. (2008). Collaborative governance in theory and practice. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 18(4), 543–571. https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/mum032

Asplund, M., Nadjm-Tehrani, S., & Sigholm, J. (2009). Emerging information infrastructures: Cooperation in disasters. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 5508 LNCS(2), 258–270. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03552-4_23

Bekkers, V., Edelenbos, J., & Steijn, B. (2014). Innovation in the Public Sector Linking Capacity and Leadership. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bencana, B. N. P. (2012). Pedoman Sistem Peringatan Dini Berbasis Masyarakat. Jakarta: BNPB.

BNPB. (2016). Risiko Bencana Indonesia (Disasters Risk of Indonesia). International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 9(01), 121–142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13753-018-0186-5

Buzna, L., Peters, K., Ammoser, H., Kühnert, C., & Helbing, D. (2007). Efficient response to cascading disaster spreading. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 75(5), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.75.056107

Chaushi, A., Chaushi, B. A., & Ismaili, F. (2016). Measuring e-Government Maturity: A meta-synthesis approach. SEEU Review, 11(2), 51–67. https://doi.org/10.1515/seeur-2015-0028

CNNIndonesia. (2020). Peta Banjir Jakarta 2020. Retrieved from https://www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20200102145830-199-461882/peta-banjir-jakarta-2020.

Daswati, D., Samad, M. A., & Wekke, I. S. (2019). Collaborative Governance Dalam Pengelolaan Integrated Community Shelter Pasca Bencana Di Kota Palu Collaborative Governance in the management of Integrated Community Shelters post disaster ( ICS ) in the City of Palu.

Gibin, M. (2008). PAPERS. (May 2014).

Ginting, S., & Putuhena, W. M. (2014). Sistem Peringatan Dini Banjir Jakarta (Jakarta-Flood Early Warning System (J-Fews)). Jurnal Sumber Daya Air, 10(1), 71–84.

Globalinnovationexchange. (2019). Petabencana.id.

Hsieh, H. F., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277–1288. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732305276687

Ihsanudin, I., & Rahayu, A. Y. S. (2019). Collaborative Innovation in Digital Ecosystem. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.7-12-2018.2281772

Islam, R., Kamaruddin, R., Ahmad, S. A., Jan, S. J., & Anuar, A. R. (2016). A review on mechanism of flood disaster management in Asia. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(1), 29–52.

Issifasia. (n.d.). ISIF Asia Internet for Development Award 2017. Retrieved from 2017 website: https://isif.asia/2017-awardee/

Jannah, L., M. (2017). Multi-Stakeholders Engagement in Public Service Management in Indonesia: Asian Association for Public Administration, Astana Kazakhstan,.

Kornberger, M., Meyer, R. E., & Höllerer, M. A. (2017). When Bureaucracy Meets the Crowd : Studying “ Open Government ” in the Vienna City Administration. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840616655496

Kusumasari, B. (2012). The Resource-Based Theory and Disaster Management: Implication for Local Government in Managing a Disaster. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), Vol. 16, pp. 79–96. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.8059

Meechaiya, C., Wilkinson, E., Lovell, E., Brown, S., & Budimir, M. (2019). The Governance of Nepal’s Flood Early Warning System Opprotunities Under Federalism. London: Meechaiya, C., Wilkinson, E., Lovell, E., Brown, S., & Budimir, M.

Menpan.go.id. (2019). Inovasi BNPB Raih Penghargaan PBB, Gerakan Indonesia Melayani Bergaung di Azerbaijan.

Muhammad, A. S. (2017). Collaborative Governance Model in Managing International Borders in Riau Islands Province using Partial Least Squares Method. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), 21(2), 166. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.28097

Mulgan, G., & Albury, D. (2013). Innovation in the public Sector. Strategy Unit, Cabinet Office, 1(1), 40.

Nam, T. (2012). Suggesting frameworks of citizen-sourcing via Government 2.0. Government Information Quarterly, 29(1), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2011.07.005

Nurmandi, A., Khozin, M., & S. (2019). Pelayanan Sektor Publik. Yogyakarta: Jusuf Kalla School of Government.

OECD. (2017). Embracing Innovation in Government: Global Trends.

Onafeso, O. D., & Samuel, K. J. (2012). The Role of ICT in the Establishment of Flood Early Warning System in Nigeria. (November 2012), 1–17. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309513433

Petabencana.id. (2018). Petabencana.id Reducing Risk Together.

PetaBencana.id offers real-time flood updates via interactive map - City - The Jakarta Post. (n.d.). Retrieved June 2, 2020, from https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/01/03/petabencana-id-offers-real-time-flood-updates-via-interactive-map.html

Rahayu, A., Y., S., & J. (2018). Birokrasi dan Governance Teori, Konsep dan Aplikasinya. Depok: Rajagrafindo.

Salomo, R., V., & Rahayu, A., Y., S. (n.d.). Manajemen Pelayanan Publik. Tangerang Selatan: Universitas Terbuka.

Saptawan, A., & Yustian, I. (2019). Actor Networking in Forest Fires Mitigation, Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), 23(2), 92–108. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.43707

Spirakis, G., Spiraki, C., & Nikolopoulos, K. (2010). The impact of electronic government on democracy: E-democracy through e-participation. Electronic Government, 7(1), 75–88. https://doi.org/10.1504/EG.2010.029892

Ulum, M. C. (2013). Governance and Capacity Building of Handling the Flood Issues in Bojonegoro Municipality, Indonesia i Mochamad. 1, 80.

UNDP. (2018). Five Approaches to Build Functional EWS. Genewa. UNDP.

UNEP. (2012). Early Warning Systems A State of the Art Analysis and Future Directions. In Environmental Development (Vol. 4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2012.09.004

Widyanarko, P. A. (2018). The use of social media and open data in promoting civic co-management: Case of Jakarta. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 158(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/158/1/012049



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.53167

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