The Challenges of Enhancing Participation in Urban Community Empowerment (The Case of Community Empowerment Program for Villages (PPMK) Implementation in 4 Villages in Jakarta)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.25061

Ahmad Anshori(1*), Irfan Ridwan Maksum(2), Linda Darmajanti(3)

(1) University of Indonesia
(2) University of Indonesia
(3) University of Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Characteristics of DKI Jakarta as Indonesian capital with a rich diversity of people from various social, cultural, and economic backgrounds, have challenging implication for participatory community empowerment. This is proven by low participation level in community affairs in the province. This research aims to assess factors responsible for low participation in community empowerment in urban areas and identify measures to improve it.  The research was based on a qualitative methods in the Village Community Empowerment Program (PPMK) implemented in KampungRawa, Kalibaru, and Tanjung Duren Melawai in DKI Jakarta, Indonesia. The selection of the administrative villages was based on Social Insecurity Potential Index (IPKS) which portrays an overview of urban social structure. Research results showed that low  participation in community affairs is attributable to the normative nature of  participation, non-compliance of  targeted groups in  certain areas, lack of information, weak public institutions (Village Consultative Council/LMK), lack of adequate support from  local leaders (Chief of Neighborhood Association (RT) and Chief of Community Association (RW)), and absence of  management training programs. Moreover, low participation is exacerbated by low public awareness about the environment. Thus, efforts that can be undertaken include enhancing the role of the   Government, implementing e-governance by RT and RW neighborhood heads as the driving force and representatives of the community.

 


Keywords


e-governance; empowerment; good governance; participation; public institutions

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdullah, Irwan, Menuju Pembangunan Partisipatif (Bagaimana Mendayagunakan Kebudayaan Lokal?, Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik, Volume 1 Nomor 2 (Juli 1997)

Academic Report of Village Consultative Agency, DKI Jakarta Province, 2010

Arstein, S, “A Ladder of Citizen Participation”, Journal of American Institute of Planners, 1969

Bishop, P, and G, Davis, “Mapping Public Participation in Policy Choices”, Australian Journal of Public Administration 61 (1), 2002,

BPS of Administrative City of Central Jakarta,Kecamatan Johar Baru Dalam Angka 2014, Jakarta: BPS of Administrative City of Central Jakarta

BPS of Administrative City of North Jakarta,Cilincing Dalam Angka 2013, Jakarta: BPS of Administrative City of North Jakarta

BPS of Administrative City of South Jakarta, Kebayoran Baru Dalam Angka 2014, Jakarta:  BPS of Administrative City of South Jakarta

BPS of Administrative City of West Jakarta, Grogol Petamburan Dalam Angka 2014, Jakarta: BPS of Administrative City of West Jakarta

BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province,(2014), Indeks Potensi Kerawanan Sosial (IPKS) di DKI Jakarta 2013, Official Gazzette of Statistics, Jakarta: BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province

BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province,(2015), Data Strategis DKI Jakarta Maret 2015, Jakarta: BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province

BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province (2015), Komuter DKI Jakarta Tahun 2014, Official Gazzette of Statistics No,12/02/31/Th,XVII, Jakarta: BPS of the DKI Jakarta Province

Bramson, Ann Ruth, “Involving the Public in Economic Development”, Economic Development Journal, Summer 2005

Cunningham, William G,, Citizen Participation: Antagonists or Allies, College of Education, Old Dominican University, Norfolk, Virginia, Journal Theory into Practice, Volume 15, Issue 4, 1976, Routledge, published 16 Aug 2010

Denzin, Norman K, dan Yvonna S, Lincoln, Handbook of Qualitative Research, Terjemahan, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta, Cetakan I, 2009

Edwards, Vickie L,, A Theory of Participation for 21st century Governance, International Journal of Organization Theory and behavior, 16 (1), 1-28, Spring 2013

Governor Regulation Number 171 year 2016 concerning the Guidelines of Neighborhood Association (RT) and Community Association (RW)

Ife, Jim dan Frank Tesoriero, Community Development, Alternatif Pengembangan Masyarakat di Era Globalisasi, Edisi Ke-3 Bahasa Indonesia, Pustaka Pelajar, September 2008

Infographic of the Survey Results 2016 Perilaku Pengguna Internet Indonesia, Association of Indonesian Internet Service Providers and Indonesian Polling, November 2016

Law Number 23 year 2014 concerning Local Governance,The State Gazzette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2014 Number 244; Suplement to the State Gazzette of the Republic of IndonesiaNumber 5587

Nieto, Daniel Ortega M,Sc, “The Effect and Determinants of Local Transparency in Mexico: Who’s Accountable?”, Georgetown University, April 15, 2010

United Nation Environment Programme (UNEP)-International Environment Technology Centre (IETC), Use of ICTs in Community-Based Urban Governance, a view from Japan, 2003

Pareek, Nikhil Suresh Democracy, Transparency and Accountability, SSRN (Social Science Research Network) Working Paper Series, February 11, 2012, http://ssrn,com/abstract=2003389

Prasojo, Eko, Prof, Dr,, People and Society Empowerment: Perspektif Membangun Partisipasi Publik, Resume hasil penelitian dengan Tim Pusat Kajian Strategi Pembangunan sosial dan Politik (PKSPSP) FISIP UI, literature researchentitled “Pola dan Mekanisme Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di DKI Jakarta”, 2003

Srinivas, Hari, 1994, "Community Groups and Planning Action: The Need for Citizen's Participation" Paper presented at the 30th World Congress of ISOCARP at Prague, Czech Republic, 4-10 September, 1994

Team Mirah Sakethi, Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kelurahan Provinsi DKI Jakarta, Jakarta: Mirah Sakethi, 2010

Teguh, Ambar Sulistiyani, Konseptualisasi Model Pemberdayaan LSM Sebagai Fasilitator Pembangunan, Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik, Volume 11 Nomor 2 (November 2007)

Yani Nurhadryani, “Memahami Konsep E-Governance serta Hubungannya dengan E-Government dan E-Demokrasi”, National Seminar on Informatics 2009, UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta, 23 May 2009

http://www.infokomputer.com/2015/12/profil/setiaji-merancang-masa-depan-jakarta-smart-city/ (accessed on 3 February 2016)

 

 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.25061

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 943 | views : 766

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik) ISSN 0852-9213 (print), ISSN 2477-4693 (online)

Gedung MAP FISIPOL UGM, Kampus FISIPOL UGM Unit II

Jl. Prof. Dr. Sardjito, Sekip, Yogyakarta, 55281,

Phone: 0274-563825

Fax: 0274-589655
Email: igpa@ugm.ac.id