Cover Image

Effects of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36 fertilizers on maize growth and phosphorus uptake in inceptisol

Nia Herlina(1*), Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami(2), Cahyo Wulandari(3)

(1) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Nanotechnology fertilizers are fertilizers associated with objects measuring 1 nm to 100 nm capable of controlling or manipulating at an atomic scale. Phosphorus is one of the essential nutrients needed by plants in large amounts. Maize is a strategic commodity requiring optimal nutrients. Inceptisol is soil that has relatively low fertility and chemical properties. The addition of P nutrients to the soil plays an important role in improving soil quality. This study aimed to compare the types of P fertilizers of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36 with various doses of P2O5 and determine the most effective type. This research was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with two factors. The first factor is the type of fertilizer, consisting of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36. The second factor is the dose of P2O5 with four treatment levels, namely 0 kg.ha-1, 50 kg.ha-1, 100 kg.ha-1, and 150 kg.ha-1. The results showed that nano phosphate rock was the most effective fertilizer for maize in Inceptisol. The optimum dose of P fertilizer was 100 kg.ha-1, which was able to produce the highest plant height (215.67 cm) and phosphorus uptake (0.4765 g/plant).


Inceptisol, maize, nano guano, nano phosphate rock, phosphorus

Full Text:



Afrianti, S., Purba, M.P., and Napitupulu, K. (2019). Karakteristik sifat fisika tanah pada berbagai kelas umur tegakan kelapa sawit di Pt. Pp. London Sumatera Indonesia, Tbk Unit Sei Merah Estate. Agroprimatech, 2(2), pp. 2599-3232.

Arifin, M., Yuniarti, A., and Dahlian, D. (2017). The Effect of sinabung volcanic ash and phosphate rock in nanoparticle form on p-retention, delta ph and base saturation on Ciater’s Andisols, West Java. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi, 9(1), pp. 75–85.

Ariningsih, E. (2016). Prospects of Nanotechnology Application in Agriculture and Food Processing in Indonesia. Jurnal Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 3(4), pp. 1-20.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. (2006). Sifat Fisik Tanah dan Metode Analisisnya. 1st ed. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah, pp. 283.

Balai Penelitian Tanah. (2009). Petunjuk teknis analisis kimia tanah, tanaman, air, dan pupuk. 2nd ed. Bogor: Balai Penelitian Tanah, pp. 211.

Betty, N.F., Mahfud, A., Rina, D., Anni, Y., Rachmat, H., and Mariska, A.S. (2017). P-retension and cation exchange as affected by nanoparticle of volcanic ash and application of phosphate solubilizing bacteria on andisol Ciater, West Java Indonesia. AIP Proceedings, 1927, pp. 030025.

Blackmore, L.C., Searle, P.L., and Daly, B. K. (1981). Methods for chemicals analysis of soils. 1st ed. New Zealand: Lower Hutt, pp. 10.

Brady, N. C. and Weil, R. R. (2014). Elements of the nature and properties of soils. 3rd ed. New Jersy: Prentice Hall, pp. 638-645.

Camacho, R., Malavolta, E.J., Guerrerro, A., and Camacho, T. (2002). Vegetative growth of grain sorghum in response to phosphorus nutrition. Scienta Agricola, 6(1), pp. 771–776.

Chuaca, R.L., Damanik, M.M.B., and Marbun, P. (2017). Application of SP-36 and cow manure on the availability of phosporus and phosphorus uptake on inceptisol taken from Kwala Bekala. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi FP USU, 5(1), pp. 167-177.

Damanik, M.M.B., Effendi, B., Fauzi., Sarifuddin., and Hanum, H. (2010). Kesuburan tanah dan pemupukan. 2nd ed. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara Press, pp. 40.

Fayiga, A.O. and Obigbesan, G. O. (2017). Physico-chemical characterization of ogun and sokoto phosphate rocks. Global Journal Of Pure and Applied Sciences, 23(1), pp. 27–34.

Firmansyah, I., Syakir, M., and Lukman, L. (2017). The influence of dose combination fertilizer N, P, and K on growth and yield of eggplant crops (Solanum melongena L.). Journal of Horticulture, 27(1), pp. 69-78.

Freese, D., Zee, S.V.D., and Riemsdijk, W. H. (1992). Comparison of different models for phosphate sorption as a function of the iron and aluminum oxides of soils. Journal Soil, 43(1), pp. 729-738.

Gulsun, T., Gursoy, R.N., and Oner, L. (2009). Nanocrystal technologi for delivery of poorly water-soluble drug. Pharmacy Science, 34(1), pp. 55–65.

Habi, L, M., Jeanne, I N., Marasabessy, D., and Kalay, M, M. (2017). Ketersediaan fosfat, serapan fosfat, dan hasil tanaman jagung (Zea mays L.) akibat pemberian kompos granul ela sagu dengan pupuk fosfat pada inceptisols. Agrologia, 7(7), pp. 2301-7287.

Hartatik, W., Idris, K., Sabiham, S.D., and Adiningsih, J. S. (2004). Peningkatan ikatan P dalam kolom tanah gambut yang diberi bahan amelioran tanah mineral dan beberapa jenis fosfat alam. Jurnal Tanah Dan Lingkungan, 6(1), pp. 22-30.

Havlin, J.L., Beaton, J.D., Tisdale, S.L., and Nelson, W. L. (2005). Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. In: D Beaton, ed. An Introduction To Nutrient Management, 7th ed. New Jersy: Upper Saddle River, pp. 14.

Hunt, N. and Gilkes, B. (1992). Farm monitoring handbook. 1st ed. Western Australia: Soil Management, pp. 86-99.

Khan, M.Z.H., Islam, M.R., Nahar, N., Al-Mamum, M.R., Khan, M.A.S., and Matin, A. M. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of nanozeolite based composite fertilizer for sustainabe release and use efficiency of nutrients. Heliyon, 7(1), pp. 06091.

Ladiyani., Husnin., and Hartatik, H. (2011). Peluang formulasi pupuk berteknologi nano. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Pemupukan dan Pemulihan Lahan Terdegredasi. Balai Peneltian Tanah, 159, pp. 307–316.

Maas, A., Yudoyono, P., Masyhuri, C., Sumardiyono., and Yuwono, T. (2018). Pengantar ilmu pertanian. 3rd ed. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press, pp. 354.

Mahanta, D., Rai, R.K., Dhar, S., Varghese, E., Raja, A., and Purakayastha, T. J. (2018). Modification of root propertis with phosphate solubilizing bacteria and arbuscular myrorrhiza to reduce rock phosphate application in soybean-wheat cropping system. Ecological Engineering, 111, pp. 31–43.

Mahanta, D., Rai, R.K., Mishra, S.D., Raja, A., Purakayastha, T.J., and Varghese, E. (2014). Influence of phosphorus and biofertilezer on soybean and wheat root growth and properties. Field Crop, 166, pp.1-9.

Manfarizah., Syamaun., and Nurhaliza, S. (2011). The Characteristics of soil physical properties at the University Farm Station Bener Meriah. Journal Agrista, 15(1), pp.1-2.

Manikandan, A. and Subramanian, K. S. (2014). Fabrication and characterisation of nanoporous zeolite based N fertilizer. Academic Journal, 9(1), pp. 276–277.

Manikandan, A. and Subramanian, K. S. (2015). Nano-fertilizer for balanced crop nutrition. Academic Journal, 9(1), pp. 276–277.

Montalvo, D., Mclaughlin, M.J., and Degryse, F. (2015). Efficacy of Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles as Phosphorus Fertilizer in Andisols and Oxisols. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 79(2), pp. 551.

Musaad, I. (2018). Potensi dan teknologi pemanfaatan fosfat alam sebagai pupuk fosfat-plus. 1st ed. Malang: Brainy Bee, pp. 60.

Neira, J., Ortiz, M., Morales, L., and Acevedo, E. (2015). Oxygen diffusion in soils: Understanding the factors and processes needed for modeling. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(5), pp. 35–44.

Nugroho, P.D., Arifin, M., and Devnita, R. (2020). Response of volcanic ash nano particles and phosphate rocks application on selected chemical properties of inceptisols in Cilembu, West Java. Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim, 44(2), pp. 1410–7244.

Nuryani, E., Haryono, G., and Historiawati, H. (2019). Pengaruh dosis dan saat pemberian pupuk P terhadap hasil tanaman buncis (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) tipe tegak. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Tropika Dan Subtropika, 4(1), pp. 14-17.

Pardosi, S.C.P., Sumono., and Munir, A. P. (2017). Kajian sifat fisika dan kimia tanah pada lahan karet dengan beberapa jenis vegetasi yang tumbuh di Kebun PTP. Nusantara III Gunung Para. Jurnal Rekayasa Pangan, 5(2), pp. 432–431.

Priambodo, S.R., Susila, K.D., and Soniari, N. N. (2019). Pengaruh pupuk hayati dan pupuk anorganik terhadap beberapa sifat kimia tanah serta hasil tanaman bayam cabut (Amaranthus tricolor) di tanah tanah inceptisol Desa Pedungan. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika, 8(1), pp. 149-150.

Raharjo, P. and Sarmili, L. (2016). The occurence of high plasticities smectite clay mineral on Cirebon Waters, West Java. Jurnal Geologi Kelautan, 14(1), pp. 61.

Ridine, W., Ngakou, A.M., Mbaıguınam, F., Namba, and Anna, P. (2014). Changes in growth and yield attributes of two selected maize varietes as influenced by application of chemical (NPK) and organic (bat’s manure) fertilizers in pala (chad) grown field. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 46(5), pp. 1763–1770.

Rina D., Benny, J., Mahfud, A., Hudaya, R., and Oktaviani, N. (2018). Application of nanoparticle of rock phosphate and biofertilizer in increasing some soil chemical characteristics of variable charge soil. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1927, pp. 030027.

Rizky, T,O., Setiawati, T, C., and Winarso, S. (2019). The increasing availibility and uptake of P in maize crops on polluted solid lime waste soil (lime mud) through addition of organic matter. Jurnal Agroteknologi Universitas Andalas, 2(2), pp. 19-24.

Shaaban, M., Peng, Q.R., Hu, Y., Wu., Lin, S., and Zhao, J. (2015). Dolomite application to acidic soils: a promising option for mitigating N2O emissions. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22, pp. 19961–19970.

Sharpley, A.N., Weld, J.L., Beegle, D.B., Kleiman, P.J.A., Gburek, W.J., Moore, P.A., and Mullins, G. M. (2003). Depelopment of phosphorus indices for nutrient management planning strategies in The United States. Soil Water Conser, 58, pp.137-152.

Sridhar, K.R., Ashwini, K.M., Seen, S., and Sreepada, K. S. (2006). Manure quality of guano of insectivorous cave bat hipposideros speoris. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems, 6, pp. 103-110.

Sudirja, R., Joy, B., Yuniarti, A., Trinurani, E., Mulyani., O and Mushfiroh, A. (2017). Beberapa sifat kimia tanah inceptisol dan hasil kedelai (glycine max l.) akibat pemberian bahan amelioran. Prosiding Seminar Hasil Penelitian Tanaman Aneka Kacang Dan Umbi, Universitas Padjadjaran, 7(1). pp. 199.

Sugiono and Purwanti, E. (2019). Effectiveness of natural phosphate fertilizers on maize (Zea mays L) growth and production. Jurnal Agriekstensia, 18(1), pp. 10.

Sulistyaningsih, C. R. (2019). Kajian faktor yang berpengaruh pada produksi jagung di Kabupaten Wonogiri. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian, 3(1), pp. 53.

Tando, E. (2018). Upaya efisiensi dan peningkatan ketersediaan nitrogen dalam tanah serta serapan nitrogen pada tanaman padi sawah (Oryza sativa L.). Buana Sains, 18(2), pp. 171-180.

Winarso. (2005). Tanah kesuburan tanah; dasar kesehatan dan kualitas tanah. 1st ed. Yogyakarta: Gaya Media, pp. 269.

Xue, A., Xiao, H.G., Qian, Z., Huijun, Z., Hai, Y.W., Zhao, H.Z., Xiao, R.H., Ming, H.Z., and Fu, X. (2014). Effect of phosphorus fertilization to P uptake and dry matter accumulation in soybean with different P efficiencies. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 13(2), pp. 326–334.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1450 | views : 912


  • There are currently no refbacks.