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Effects of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36 fertilizers on maize growth and phosphorus uptake in inceptisol

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.71374

Nia Herlina(1*), Sri Nuryani Hidayah Utami(2), Cahyo Wulandari(3)

(1) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Nanotechnology fertilizers are fertilizers associated with objects measuring 1 nm to 100 nm capable of controlling or manipulating at an atomic scale. Phosphorus is one of the essential nutrients needed by plants in large amounts. Maize is a strategic commodity requiring optimal nutrients. Inceptisol is soil that has relatively low fertility and chemical properties. The addition of P nutrients to the soil plays an important role in improving soil quality. This study aimed to compare the types of P fertilizers of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36 with various doses of P2O5 and determine the most effective type. This research was arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD) with two factors. The first factor is the type of fertilizer, consisting of nano guano, nano phosphate rock, and SP-36. The second factor is the dose of P2O5 with four treatment levels, namely 0 kg.ha-1, 50 kg.ha-1, 100 kg.ha-1, and 150 kg.ha-1. The results showed that nano phosphate rock was the most effective fertilizer for maize in Inceptisol. The optimum dose of P fertilizer was 100 kg.ha-1, which was able to produce the highest plant height (215.67 cm) and phosphorus uptake (0.4765 g/plant).


Keywords


Inceptisol, maize, nano guano, nano phosphate rock, phosphorus

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.71374

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