Keragaman dan Kelimpahan Musuh Alami Hama pada Habitat Padi yang Dimanipulasi dengan Tumbuhan Berbunga

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.6175

Nia Kurniawati(1*),

(1) Balai Penelitian Padi, Sukamandi
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Penelitian lapangan secara terbatas telah dilakukan untuk mengetahui dampak keberadaan tumbuhan berbunga pada kelimpahan dan keragaman artropoda termasuk serangga musuh alami padi. Dua perlakuan, yaitu ditambah tumbuhan berbunga dan tanpa tumbuhan berbunga diaplikasikan di lahan penelitian Fakultas Pertanian UGM di Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta, dan masing-masing perlakuan diulang tiga kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tumbuhan berbunga meningkatkan keragaman artropoda termasuk serangga musuh alami secara signifikan, serta memberikan hasil padi yang cenderung lebih tinggi, di samping juga mampu menurunkan insiden serangan hama, misalnya penggerek batang padi.

Kata Kunci : tumbuhan berbunga, musuh alami, keragaman, kelimpahan

Full Text:

PDF


References

Altieri, M. A. 1991. Increasing Biodiversity to Improve Insect Pest Management in Agro Ecosystems. In Biodiversity of Microorganism and Invertebrates: Its Role in Sustainable Agriculture, ed DL Hawksworth, pp 165-182. Wallingford, UK : CABI.

Bambaradeniya, C.N.B., & Edirisinghe, J.P. 2008. Composition, Structure and Dynamics Arthropod Communities in a Rice Agro-Ecosystem. Journal Science (Bio Science) 37: 23-48

Barrion, A.T., & Litsinger, J.A. 1995. Riceland Spiders of South and Southeast Asia. CABI, IRRI.

Borror, D.J., & DeLong, D.M. 1971. An Introduction to the Study of Insects. 3th edition. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. USA.

Coppel H.C., & Mertins J. W. 1977. Biological Insect Pest Suppression. Springer. 314 hal.

Gardner F. P., Pearce R. B., and Mitchell, R. L. 2008. Fisiologi Tanaman Budidaya; Terjemahan dari Physiology of Crop Plants. UI Press Jakarta.

Gulland P.J. & P. S. Cranston. 2005. The Insect. An Outline of Entomology. Malden. Blackwell Publishing.

Kalshoven, L.G.E. 1981. Pest of Crops in Indonesia. Revised and translated by P.A. van der Laan. Jakarta: P.T. Ichtiar Baru- Van Hoeve.

Krebs, J.R. 1973. Behavioral Aspect of Predation. In Perspectives in Ethology ed. P.P.G. Bateson, P.H. Klopfer, pp 73-111. New York/London

Letourneau, D.K. 1986. Associated Resistance in Squash Monoculture & Polyculture in Tropical Mexico. Environmental Entomology. 15:285-292.

Long, R.F., Corbett, A., Lamb, C., Reberg-Horton, C.; Chandler, J. & Stimmann, M. 1998. Beneficial Insects move from Flowering Plants to Nearby Crops. California Agriculture. 52: 23-26.

Marc P., Canard A., & Ysnel F. 1999. Spiders (Araneae) useful for pest limitation and bioindication. Agriculture Ecosystem Environtment. 74:229-273.

Paredes D, Cayuela L, & Campos M. 2013. Synergistic Effects of Ground Cover and Adjacent Natural Vegetation on the Main Natural Enemy Groups of Olive Insect Pests. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 173:72–80

Price, W.P, 1997, Insect Ecology. Third edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York.

Rebek, E.J., Sadof, C.S. & Hanks, L.M. 2005. Manipulating the Abundance of Natural Enemies in Ornamental Landscapes with Floral Resource Plants. Biological Control. 33: 203-216.

Root, R.B., 1973. Organization of a Plant –Arthropod Association in Simple and Diverse Habitats: the Fauna of Collards (Brassica oleraceae). Ecology Monographs. 43:95-124.

SAS Institute. 1990. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 6. Fourth Edition. Volume 2. North Carolina: SAS Institute Inc.

Siemann, E., D. Tilman, J. Haarstad, & M. Ritchie. 1998. Experimental Test of the Dependence of Arthropod Diversity on Plant Diversity. America Nature. 152: 738-750.

Star, J.L., & Black M.C. 1995. Reproduction of Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita, and M. javanica on sesame. Journal Nematology. 27:624-627.

Strong, D.R., Lawton, J.H. & Southwood, R. 1984. Insect on Plants: Community Patterns and Mechanisms. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Usyati, N. Kurniawati, N. Baehaki, SE., Triny S.K. 2012. Pengawalan Tanaman Padi di Dalam dan Sekitar Kebun Sukamandi serta Pengendalian Hama dengan Rekayasa Ekologi. Laporan Akhir Tahun. ROPP DIPA. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Yaherwandi. 2007. Pengukuran dan Analisis Keragaman Hayati. Insect onference. Bogor, 27-28 Januari 2007. hal 1-15.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.6175

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 611 | views : 1885

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) indexed by :

 

Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) ISSN 0126-4214 (print), ISSN 2527-7162 (online) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

 

web
analytics View My Stats