Cover Image

The Effects of Silica on Growth and Yield of Chrysanthemum Plants (Dendranthema Sp.) Cultivar Sheena and Snow White

Sylvatera Ayu Puspitasari(1*), Didik Indradewa(2)

(1) Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(2) Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Silica is one of beneficial nutrient in plants. Silica functions to strengthen epidermal wall and vascular tissues so that it can affect the stems that are getting bigger and stronger. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of silica fertilizers on growth and yield of chrysanthemum plants in Sheena and Snow White varieties that have different anatomies. The present study used Split Plot Design. The main plot was the concentration of silica with 4 levels, i.e. 0 mg/l/m2, 31.1 mg/l/m2, 62.2 mg/l/m2, and 93.3 mg/l/m2. The subplots were two varieties, Sheena and Snow White. The present study revealed that Si fertilizers with 62.2 mg/L concentration could accelerate harvest age and the stem hardness in Snow White aged 45 days. The Snow White which has bark stem anatomy was more responsive to silica fertilizers than the Sheena with the woody stem anatomy. This research provides benefits for researchers, farmers and policy stakeholders to increased yield and quality for local and international market competition.


Chrysanthemum; Sheena; Silica; Snow white; Stem

Full Text:



Alsaeedi, A., H. El-Ramady, T. Alshaal, M. El-Garawany, N. Elhawat, and A. Al-Otaibi. Silica Nanoparticles Boost Growth and Productivity of Cucumber Under Water Deficit and Salinity Stresses by Balancing Nutrients Uptake. Journal Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 139, pp. 1-10.

Amrullah, D. Sopandie, Sugianta dan A. Junaedi. 2014. Peningkatan Produktivitas Tanaman Padi Melalui Pemberian Nano Silika. Jurnal Pangan, 23(1), pp. 17-32.

Costa, B. N. S., I. J. S. Costa, G. M. G. Dias, F. A. Assis, L. A. S. Pio, J. D. R. Soares and M. Pasqual. 2018. Morpho-anatomical and Physiological Alterations of Passion Fruit Fertilized with Silicon, Pesq. Agropec. Bras., 53(2), pp. 163-171.

Currie, H. A. and C. C. Perry. 2007. Silica in Plants: Biological, Biochemical and Chemical Studies, Oxford Journals, 100, pp. 1383-1389.

Dias, G. M. G., J. D. R. Soares, S. F. Ribeiro, A. D. Martins, M. Pasqual and E. Alves. 2017. Morphological and Physiological Characteristics In Vitro Anthurium Plantlets Exposed to Silicon. Journal Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 17, pp. 18-24.

Hajipour, H. and Z. Jabbarzadeh. 2016. Effect of Foliar Application of Silicon on Physiological Responses of Chrysanthemum at Two Different Growth Stages. Journal of Ornamental Plants, 6(1), pp. 39-47.

Kamenidou, S. 2005. Silicon supplementation affects greenhouse produced cut flowers. [pdf] Greece: Oklahoma State University. Available at: [Accessed 2 Mar. 2019].

Ma, J. F. and E. Takahashi. 2002. Soil, Fertilizer and Plant Silicon Research in Japan. 1st ed. [ebook] Amsterdam: Elsevier. Available at: [Accessed 5 Mar. 2019].

Melo, B. A., J. C. Moraes and L. V. Carvalho. 2015. Resistance Induction in Chrysanthemum due to Silicon Application in the Management of Whitefly Bernisia tabaci Biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), Revista de Ciencias Agroambientais, 13(2), pp. 1-8.

Pozo, J., M. Urrestarazu, I. Morales, J. Sancez, M. Santos, and F. Dianez. 2015. Effects of Silicon in the Nutrient Solution for Three Horticultural Plant Families on the Vegetative Growth, Cuticle, and Protection Against Botrytis Cinereal. HortScience, 50(10), pp. 1447-1452.

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hortikultura. 2006. Budidaya Krisan Bunga Potong (Prosedur Sistem Produksi). [online] BPTP Yogyakarta. Available at: [Accessed 1 Mar. 2019].

Sanjaya, L., B. Marwsoto, K. Budiarto and E. Fibrianty. 2018. The Evaluation of Chrysanthemum Clones Under Low Elevation, Agrivita, 40(2), pp. 193-201.

Sivanesan, I., and S. W. Park. 2014. The Role of Silicon in Plant Tissue Culture. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5, pp. 1-4.

Smis, A., F. J. A. Murguzur, E. Struyf, E. M. Soininen, J. G. H. Jusdado, P. Meire, and K. A. Brathen. 2014. Determination of Plant Silicon Content with Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. Frontiers in Plant Science, 5, pp. 1-9.

Vasanthi, N., L. M. Saleena, and S. A. Raj. 2014. Silicon in Crop Production and Crop Protection. Agri. Reviews, 35, pp. 14 – 23.

Yavas, I and A. Unay. 2017. The Role of Silicon under Biotic and Abiotic Stress Conditions, Turkiye Tarimsal Arastirmalar Dergisi, 4(2), pp. 204-209.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 526 | views : 560


  • There are currently no refbacks.