Cover Image

Characteristics of Soils Developing from Gabbro, Phyllite and Chert Parent Rock in Karangsambung District

Ratna Taher(1*), Makruf Nurudin(2), Eko Hanudin(3)

(1) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University
(2) Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Soil, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author


Understanding the nature of the soil is very important to know the potential and the proper management of the soil. This study aimed to determine the differences in morphological, physical, and chemical properties of the soils developing from gabbro, phylitte and chert parent materials. The soil profile was made to represent each parent rock of gabbro, phyllite and chert located on the upper and middle slopes with pine-dominated vegetation and mixed gardens. Observation in the field is a professional description to observe soil morphology. Soil samples were taken at each horizon to analyze soil physical properties (bulk density, particle density, and texture), soil chemical properties (pH, exchanged cations, cation exchange capacity, available P, organic C, and total N). Texture analysis results showed that clay content of the soil developing from parent rock of Gabro 1 is the highest, followed by the soil clay content from  Chert 1, Phyllite 1, Chert 2, Phyllite 2, and Gabbro 2, respectively. The order of soil acidity level (pH) is Gabbro 2 > Gabbro 1> Chert 1 ~ Chert 2 > Phyllite 1 ~ Phyllite 2. Meanwhile, the order of the cation exchange capacity is Gabbro 1> Gabbro 2> Phyllite 1> Chert 1> Phyllite 2> Chert 2, and the order of the base saturation is Chert 2> Gabbro 2> Chert 1> Phyllite 2 > Phyllite1> Gabbro 1.


Soil properties; Rock; Gabbro; Phyllite; Chert; Karangsambung

Full Text:



Damm, A., E. Paul-Limoges, E. Haghighi, C. Simmer, F. Morsdorf, F.D. Schneider, C. van der Tol, M. Migliavacca, and U. Rascher. 2018. Remote sensing of plant-water relations: An overview and future perspectives. Journal of Plant Physiology, 227: 2-19.

Sarkar, D., D.K.De, R. Das and B. Mandal. 2014. Removal of organic matter and oxides of iron and manganese from soil influences boron adsorption in soil. Geoderma, 214: 213-216.

Harahsheh, H.; M. Mashroom; Y. Marzouqi; E. Al Khatib; B.R.M. Rao, and M.A. Fyzee. 2013. Soil thematic map and land capability classification in dubai emirate, p. 133-146. In: S.A. Shahid; F.K. Taha; and M.A. Abdelfattah (eds.). Developments in soil classification, land use planning and policy implications innovative thinking of soil inventory for land use planning and Management of land resources. Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London: Springer.

Hardjowigeno, S. 1993. Klasifikasi tanah dan pedogenesis, Jakarta: Akademi Pressindo.

Liu, Y., C. Subhash, J. Yan, C. Song, J. Zhao and J. Li. 2011. Maize leaf temperature responses to drought: Thermal imaging and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 71: 158-165.

Nurdin. 2012. Morfologi, sifat fisik dan kimia tanah inceptisols dari bahan lakustrin paguyaman-gorontalo kaitannya dengan pengelolaan tanah. Jurnal Agroteknotropika, 1 : 13-22.

Paramitha, T.A. and D. Mardji. 2015. Growth responses of acacia mangium and paraserianthes falcataria seedlings on different soil origin under nursery condition. Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology, 4: 114-125.

Paton, T.R. 1978. The formation of soil material. 1st ed., London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.

Sunarta I.N., I.N. Merit, N.M. Trigunasih dan T. Kusmawati, 2015. Peningkatan produksi pangan pada lahan sawah dengan penerapan pemupukan hara spesifik lokasi (PHSL) melalui evaluasi status unsur hara tanah. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana Denpasar Bali-Indonesia. Agrotrop, 5: 187-193.

Tan, K.H. 2011. Principles of soil chemistry. 4th ed., USA: CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Tarigan, D.R. dan D. Mardiatno. 2012. Pengaruh erosivitas dan topografi terhadap kehilangan tanah pada erosi alur di daerah aliran sungai secang desa hargotirto kecamatan kokap kabupaten kulonprogo. Jurnal Bumi Indonesia, 1: 411-420.

Zinck J.A.: G. Metternicht: G.Bocco and H.F. Del Valle. 2016. Presentation, p.1-6. In: Zinck J.A.: G. Metternicht: G.Bocco and H.F. Del Valle (eds.). Geopedology an integration of geomorphology and pedology for soil and landscape studies. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2285 | views : 2193


  • There are currently no refbacks.