Application of Lime and Gypsum and Their Effect on Micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu) Uptake of Sugarcane Planted in Central Lampung Ultisols

Christoporus Sudradjat Widiarso(1*), Benito Heru Purwanto(2), Eko Hanudin(3), Azwar Ma’as(4)

(1) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Most of sugarcane are cultivated on Ultisols with low inherent soil fertility in Central Lampung. This experiment aimed to observe the effect of lime (CaCO3) and gypsum (Ca2SO4) on Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu uptake of sugarcane. The experiment was conducted in Experimental Research Field of Gula Putih Mataram Enterprise, Central Lampung District. The experiment was designed using a split-plot, which consisted of lime application as the main plot and gypsum application as the sub plotwith three replications. The results showed that there were no significant influence of lime and gypsum application on micronutrient content of the soil. However, application of 2 and 3 tons of lime/ha could reduce soil Fe content about 349.86 and 328.07 ppm respectively within 0-20 cm soil in depthand it was significantly lower than comparing to Fe content (around 457.68 ppm) in control. Similarly, the effect of gypsum application at 0.25 ton.ha-1 decreased Fe content (355.42 ppm), while Fe content of non-gypsum application soil showed around 410.34 ppm. The analysis of other micronutrients did not indicate asignificant effect of lime or gypsum application.


Gypsum; Lime; Micro Nutrient; Sugarcane

Full Text:



Alloway, B. J. 1997. Heavy Metals in Soils. 2nd Ed. London: Blackie Academic and Professional - Chapman and Hall.

Augstburger, F., U. Eisenlohr, E. Rüegg, B. Wilhelm. 2002. Manual de Garantía de Calidad Guía para Sistemas De Control Interno (SCI) en organizaciones de pequeños agricultores. Gräfelfing: Naturland.

Basanta, M. V., D. Dourado-Neto, K. Reichart, O. O. S. Bacchi, J. C. M. Oliveira, P. C. O. Trivelin, L. C. Timm, T. T. Tominaga, V. Correchel, F. A. M. Cassaro, L. F. Pires, and J. R. Macedo. 2003. Management Effects of Nitrogen Recovery in A Sugarcane Crop Grown in Brazil. Geoderma, 116: 235–248.

Chorom, M., M. Baghernejad and S. Jafari. 2009. Influence of Rotation Cropping and Sugarcane Production on The Clay Mineral Assemblage. Applied Clay Science, 46. 385–395.

Dariah, A., S. Sutono, N. L. Nurida, W. Hartatik and E. Pratiwi. 2015. Pembenah Tanah untuk Meningkatkan Produktivitas Lahan Pertanian. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan, 9(2): 67–84.

Dillewijn, C. V. 1952. Botany of Sugarcane. Waltham: Chronica Botanica.

Franco, H. C. J., R. Otto, C. E. Faroni, A. C. Vitti, E. C. A. Oliveira and P. C. O. Trivelin. 2011. Nitrogen in Sugarcane Derived from Fertilizer Under Brazilian Field Conditions. Field Crops Research, 121: 29–41.

Hardjowigeno. S. 1987. Ilmu Tanah. Jakarta: Mediatama Sarana Perkasa.

Hardjoloekito, A. J. H. S. 2009. Pengaruh Pengapuran dan Pemupukan P Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Kedelai (Glycine max. L.) pada Tanah Latosol. Media Soerjo, 5(2): 1–19.

Indrawanto, C., Purwono, Siswanto, M. Syakir and R. Widi. 2010. Budidaya dan Pascapanen Tebu. Jakarta: Eska Media.

Loganandhan, N., B. Gujja, V. V. Goud and U. S. Natarajan. 2013. Sustainable Sugarcane Initative (SSI): A Methodology of More With Less. Sugar Tech, 15(1): 98-102.

Malavolta, E. 1994. Fertilizing for High Yield Sugarcane. International Potash Institute Bulletin, 14: 1-102.

Prasetyo, B. H. and D. A. Suriadikarta. 2006. Karakteristik Potensi dan Teknologi Pengelolaan Tanah Ultisol untuk Pengembangan Pertanian Lahan Kering di Indonesia. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 25(2): 39–46.

Rusyanto, A., S. N. H. Utami, and B. H. Purwanto. The Leaching of Ca and Mg Cations on The Application of Calcite and Gypsum for Sugarcane Cultivation in Central Lampung Ultisols. International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research, 3(3): 3142-3154.

Swift, M. J. and P. Woomer. 1993. Organic Matter and The Sustainability of Agricultural Systems: Definition and Measurement. In: K. Mulongoy and Merckx. R. (Eds.), Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Sustainability of Tropical Agriculture. UK: John Wiley and Sons.

Wijayanti, W. A. 2008. Pengelolaan Tanaman Tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) di Pabrik Gula Tjoekir PTPN X, Jombang, Jawa Timur : Studi Kasus Pengaruh Bongkar Ratoon terhadap Peningkatan Produktivitas Tebu. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Wood, A. W., R. C. Muchow and M. J. Robertson. 1996. Growth of Sugarcane Under High Input Conditions in Tropical Australia, III, Accumulation, Partitioning and Use of Nitrogen. Field Crops Research, 48: 223–233.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2614 | views : 2464


  • There are currently no refbacks.