Correlation of Growth Parameters with Yield of Two Cassava Varieties

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.10706

Amarullah Amarullah(1*), Didik Indradewa(2), Prapto Yudono(3), Bambang Hendro Sunarminto(4)

(1) Departemen of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Borneo Tarakan University, North Borneo, Indonesia
(2) Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(4) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The correlation of major growth parameters with the yield of cassava in different growth phases was investigated in 2013 and 2014. This experiment was conducted to assess the effect of two cassava varieties and the different growth phases to the yield and yield components. In experiment, the varieties as treatment were arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Two varieties consisted of superior Adira-4 and local varieties Singgah were used. The growth parameters (plant height, stem diameter, leaf number) and yield components (number of tuber, weight per tuber and tuber yield) in early growth phase, maximum vegetative growth phase and charging tuber phase, were observed. Based on the correlation results, the growth parameters and the yield highly affected to the final outcome of cassava tubers at different growth phases. In the early growth phase, occurs high demand to assimilate with the expense of storage root. However, from the maximum vegetative phase, growth parameters began to show a significant positive contribution to the tuber weight. Weight of fresh tuber in both varieties increased at the charging of tubers phase and thereafter (enlarged bulb). The early growth phase and maximum vegetative phase might not generate a significant contribution to the final yield of cassava tuber. Making those two periods were not suitable time for optimum harvesting result, and it still depended on the variety and its allocation.


Keywords


Growth Parameters; Yield; Growth Phase; Yield Components

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agahiu, A. E., K. P. Baiyeri and R.O. Ogbuji. 2011. Correlation Analysis of Tuber Yield and Yield Related Characters in Two Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Morphological-Types Grown Under Nine Weed Management Systems in The Guinea Savanna zone of Nigeria. Journal of Applied Bioscience, 48: 3316- 3321.


Akdamar, M., S. Tayyar. and A. Gokkus. 2002. Effects of Different Sowing Times on Yield and Yield Related Traits in Breed Wheatgrown in Canakkale. Akdeniz Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Dergisi, 15(2): 81-87.


Allemann, J. and N. Dugmore. 2004. The Potential for Cassava Production in Bathrust Region of Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. African Crop Science Journal, 12: 275-281.


Apea-Bah, F. B., I. Oduyo, W. O. Ellis and O. Safo-Kantaka. 2011. Factor Analysis and Age at Harvest Effect on Quality of Flour from Four Cassava Varieties. World Journal of Dairy and Food Sciences, 6(1): 43-54.


Chang, J. H. 1991. Corn Yield in Relation to Planting Period Light, Temperature and Solar Radiation. Agricultural Meteorology, 24: 251–254.


Edet, M. A., H. Tijani-Eniola and R.U. Okechukwu. 2013. Comparative Evaluation of Organomineral Fertilzer and NPK 15-15-15 on Growth and Yield of Cassava Varieties in Ibadan, South-Western Nigeria. African Journal of Root Crops., 10(1): 9-14.


Edet, M. A., H. Tijani-Eniola., S.T.O Lagoke and G. Tarawati. 2015. Relationship of Cassava Growth Parameters with Yield, Yield Related Components and Harvest Time in Ibadan, Southwesters Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences Ressearch, 5(9): 87-93.


Ekanayake, I. J. 1996. Cassava Crop Physiology Root and Tuber Improved Program Archival Annual Report for 1993-1995. Ibadan, Nigeria: Crop Improvement Division, International Institute of Agriculture, pp. 46.


El-Sharkawy, M. A. 2014. Global Warming: Causes and Impacts on Agroecosystems Productivity and Food Security with Emphasis on Cassava Comparative Advantage in the Tropics/Subtropics. Photosynthetica, 52(2): 161-178.


FAO. 2013. Statistic Division Website. [online] Available at: http://www.fao.org/statistics/en/ [Accessed 26 September 2013].


Fermont, A. M., A. Pablo, Y. Titonell, P. Baguma, P. Ntawuruhunga and K. E. Giller. 2010. Towards Understanding Factors that Govern Fertilizer Response in Cassava: Lessons from East Africa. Nutrient Cycle Agroecosystem, 86: 133-151.


Githunguri, C. M., J. A. Chweya, I. J. Ekanayake, and A. G. O. Dixon. 1998. Climatic and Growth Stage Influence on Tuberous Root Yield and Cyanogenic Potential, Leaf Water Potential and Leaf Area Duration on Divergent Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Proceedings of the International Society of Tropical Root Crops-Africa Branch (ISTRC-AB): 272-279.


Grant, R. F., B. S. Jackson, J. R. Kiniry and G. F. Arkin. 1985. Water Deficit Timing Effects on Yield Components in Cassava. Agronomy Journal, 81: 61–64.


Ngeve, J. M. 1985. Effects of Location and Age at Harvest on Yield and Culinary Qualities of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Proceedings of 6th Triennial symposium of ISTRC-AB: 349-352.


Noerwijati, K. and R. Budiono. 2015. Yield and Yield Components Evaluation of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Clones in Different Altitudes. Energy Procedia, 65: 155-161.


Ntawuruhunga, P. and A. Dixon. 2010. Quantitative Variation and Interrelationship Between Factors Influencing Cassava Yield. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 26: 1594-1602.


Nweke, F. I., A. G. O. Dixon, R. Asiedu and S. A. Folayan. 1994. Cassava Varietal Needs of Farmers and The Potential for Production and Growth in Africa. Ibadan, Nigeria: International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. pp. 239.


Okpara, D. A., U.S. Agoha and M. Iroegbu. 2010. Response of Cassava Variety TMS 98/0505 to Potassium Fertilization and Time of Harvest in South Eastern Nigeria. Nigeria Agricultural Journal, 41(1) 84-92.


Oliveira, E.C. and E. Miglioranza. 2014. Stomatal Density in Six Genotypes of Cassava. International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT), 3(3):205-208.


Scott, G. J., M.W. Rosegrant and M. W. Ringler. 2000. Roots and Tubers for The 21st Century: Trends, Projections and Policy Options. Washington, DC, USA: International Food Policy Research Institute, pp. 64.


Tewodros, M., and B. Ayenew. 2012. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Harvesting Stages Influenced by Yield and Yield Related Components. Journal of Natural Science Research, 2(10): 122-128.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.10706

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 416 | views : 670

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) ISSN 0126-4214 (print), ISSN 2527-7162 (online) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

 

web
analytics View My Stats