Performance of Village Unit Co-Operatives in Yogyakarta Special Region: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach

https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.10656

Abi Pratiwa Siregar(1*), Jamhari Jamhari(2), Lestari Rahayu Waluyati(3)

(1) Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Department of Agricultural Socio Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study assessed the performance of 32 village unit co-operatives (KUD) in Yogyakarta Special Region during 2011 to 2012. The efficiency level of the KUD were evaluated by employing the data envelopment analysis and multiple regression analysis using panel data to determine the factors affecting efficiency level. Efficiency analysis was decomposed into three dimensions to explore possible sources of inefficiency. According to Marwa and Aziakpono (2016), the first dimension was technical efficiency, which explored the overall effectiveness of transforming the productive inputs into desired outputs compared to the data-driven frontier of best practice. The second dimension was pure technical efficiency, which captured managerial efficiency in the intermediation process. The third dimension was scale efficiency, which explored whether KUD were operating in an optimal scale of operation or not. The results found that the average scores are 64%, 92%, and 68% for technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency respectively in 2011, while in 2012 the average scores are 57%, 94%, and 60% for technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency. Factors having significantly positive impact on several measures of efficiency are incentive and dummy variables (agriculture inputs and hand tractor). Accounts receivable only has positive relationship to pure technical efficiency. On the other hand, rice milling unit and electricity services have negative impact with several measures of efficiency.


Keywords


Data Envelopment Analysis, Determinant, Efficiency, Village Unit Co-Operatives, Yogyakarta Special Region

Full Text:

PDF



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.10656

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 573 | views : 669

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.





Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) ISSN 0126-4214 (print), ISSN 2527-7162 (online) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

 

web
analytics View My Stats