Kualitas, Komposisi Kimia, dan Aktivitas Anti Oksidan Minyak Kenanga (Cananga odorata)

https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.10179

Rini Pujiarti(1*), Titis Budi Widowati(2), Kasmudjo Kasmudjo(3), Sigit Sunarta(4)

(1) Bagian Teknologi Hasil Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Agro No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281
(2) Bagian Teknologi Hasil Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Agro No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281
(3) Bagian Teknologi Hasil Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Agro No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281
(4) Bagian Teknologi Hasil Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Agro No. 1 Bulaksumur, Sleman 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Minyak kenanga pada penelitian ini diperoleh dari bunga kenanga segar dengan penyulingan cara pengukusan. Uji kualitas fisik minyak kenanga cukup memuaskan dan sesuai dengan standar SNI 06-3949-1005. Komposisi kimia minyak kenangan diuji menggunakan GC-MS. Hasil analisis GC-MS mengidentifikasikan adanya 23 komponen kimia penyusun minyak kenanga. Komponen utama penyusun minyak kenanga yang dihasilkan pada penelitian ini adalah caryophyllene (36,44%), â-linalool (5,97%), á-caryophyllene (9,61%), germacrene D (17,23%), dan benzyl benzoate (7,18%). Pengujian antioksidan minyak kenanga dengan metode DPPH scavenging assay menunjukkan aktivitas antioksidan yang lembut dari minyak kenangan (IC50: 2,29 mg/ml) jika dibandingkan dengan kontrol positif BHA (IC50: 0,03 mg/ml). Penelitian ini mengidentifikasikan bahwa minyak kenanga memiliki potensi sebagai antioksidan alami yang lembut.

Kata kunci: Cananga odorata, minyak atsiri, kualitas, komposisi kimia, antioksidan. 

 

Quality, chemical composition, and antioxidative activity of cananga (Cananga odorata) oil

Abstract

Cananga oil in this study was obtained from fresh flowers of Cananga odorata by water-steam distillation. The result of physical properties of cananga oil were compared with the SNI 06-3949-1005 showed that cananga oil was satisfied the quality prescribed by standard. The chemical composition of cananga oil was analyzed by GC-MS. GC-MS analysis showed that 23 compounds have been identified. The main compounds of cananga oil were caryophyllene (36.44%), â-linalool (5.97%), á-caryophyllene (9.61%), germacrene D (17.23%) and benzyl benzoate (7.18%). The DPPH scavenging assay showed that cananga oil possess mild antioxidant activity (IC50: 2.29 mg/ml) if compared with positive control of BHA (IC50: 0.03 mg/ml). This study indicated that cananga oil has potency as mild natural antioxidant.

 


Keywords


Cananga odorata; essential oil; quality; chemical compositions; antioxidant

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jik.10179

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