FINANCIAL DEPTH AND FINANCIAL ACCESS IN INDONESIA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.9962

Sigit Setiawan(1*)

(1) Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study is intended to analyse the current levels of financial depth and financial access in Indonesia and to analyse the factors affecting them. The analysis method used was a combination of descriptive quantitative, benchmarking, and literature reviews. 

The conclusion is that the financial depth in Indonesia has not shown a satisfactory level since it was the lowest, or the second lowest ranked country among the sampled countries. Meanwhile, the financial access in Indonesia is relatively better than its financial depth, especially for financial markets, in which Indonesia ranks in the lower average group. From literature reviews, it can be inferred that the main factor driving the poor financial depth in Indonesia is non-competitiveness of the institutions; whereas the driving force of poor financial access in Indonesia are geographical constraints, poverty, a high income gap, and a less than effective national financial development policy.


Keywords: financial sector, banking, capital markets, economic planning
JEL Codes : E60, F36, F63, G28, O16


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.9962

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