STRUKTUR, KINERJA, DAN KLUSTER INDUSTRI ROKOK KRETEK: INDONESIA, 1996-1999

https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6615

Simon Bambang Sumarno(1*), Mudrajad Kuncoro(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper attempts to illuminate the dynamics of Indonesia’s clove cigarette industry
using Structure-Conduct-Performance (SCP) paradigm and industrial cluster approach.
We employed concentration ratios (CR4, CR8, and IHH) and performance ratios in SCP
analysis. To identify industrial clusters, we used Geographic Information System (GIS) and
some tools of analysis, mainly size and specialization index. The structure of clove cigarette industry suggested that an oligopoly with high concentration has been found, albeit declined slightly over the period 1996-1999. As far as geographic concentration is
concerned, we found that this industy has clustered overwhelmingly in and around Kudus,
Kediri, Surabaya, and Malang.

Keywords: oligopolistic industry, concentration ratio, cluster





DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jieb.6615

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